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Raising Access to Clean

Water
By: Blake Martin

Do developed countries have the responsibility to aid


developing countries in improving access to clean water?

The Problem

Increasing demand for water is straining the supply

Pollution is lessening the availability of clean water

Climate change is making water extraction more


expensive

Solutions

Different solutions are used to best fit


the circumstances of the area in need

Pumps are often built to increase


water supply, but these require
funding and have negative
environmental effects

Sand dams are built in areas that


have a workforce in the community
that can accomplish the building

Improving hygiene in developing


countries allows water supplies to be
kept clean

Political Consequences

Transboundary bodies of water


often cause conflict, limiting
access to these resources and
leaving the countries involved in a
poor economic state

Some transboundary bodies of


water have resulted in
cooperation, improving both
countries' access to clean water

Eocnomic Effect on Developing Countries

Water-related illnesses and time spent collecting this


resource harm families in developing countries
economically

Productivity is severely worsened due to the deaths


and illnesses in the workforce caused by lack of access
to clean water

Economic Effects on Developed Nations

Funding projects in developing countries requires a


significant investment from developed countries

Resolving half of the issues in water supply and


sanitation would cost developed countries over $11
billion annually

Developed countries do receive a large return on their


investment

Social Effects

Improving clean water


availability would improve the
overall health of the
population and prevent many
deaths

The level of education in


developing countries would be
improved through healthier
students and less time taken
to gather water

How to Improve Social Conditions

Many organizations speciallize in fighting moral and


health issues posed by the lack of sanitary water

Through funding from developed countries and partners


in developing countries, organizations are able to improve
clean water access improve social conditions

Conclusion

Developed countries have the responsibility to aid


organizations that improve clean water access in
developing nations

Organizations have the partnerships and the knowledge to help


resolve this problem but need funding
Funding projects has a positive effect on developed countries as
well as developing countries
Political issues of transboundary water cannot be resolved by
developed countries and agreements must be made by the
developing nation