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We’re here, We’re here!

Our home away from home for the weekend

The Investigation
 You and your colleagues are from the
Holton Galactic Structure Scientific
Institute. You have received time on the
40 Foot Radio Telescope in order to
investigate the Milky Way Galaxy in HI
(neutral hydrogen atoms). You will
observe the galactic plane from 17:40 to
around 08:00 RA.
The Research Problems
 The Milky Way Galaxy is considered to be
a spiral galaxy much like Andromeda. No
one has ever actually seen our galaxy,
however, since the Earth is within it.
 Your mission is twofold:
 1. Gather evidence that indicates that we
live in a spiral galaxy and
 2. Find proof that our galaxy is rotating.
Alignment with National Science
Education Standards
 Content Standard A: Develop abilities to
do and understand scientific inquiry
 Content Standard E: Develop abilities of
technological design and to understand
about science and technology
 Content Standard G: Develop
understanding of: science as a human
endeavor; nature of scientific knowledge;
historical perspectives
The 40 foot diameter radio telescope was used to gather
data about the occurrence of H in the Galactic Plane.
Learning how the
radio telescope
Getting in
some practice
before taking
Data, we’re getting data!

One of the first successful radioscans of Hydrogen in the

Galactic Plane of the Milky Way Galaxy
Student Groups
 Group 1: Matthew  Group 4: Sarah
Arnold, Megan Atwell, Kegley, Jacob Reed,
Dax Bostic, Jonathan Jesse Smith
Marshall  Group 5: Kayla Lewis,
 Group 2: Ashley Andrew Phipps,
Cvetnich, Grant Matthew Vest, Rex
Fullen, Macauthor Young
 Group 3: Sarah
Gregory, Russell Hull,
Cody Phipps
NRAO Computer Lab
Am I turning the
right knob?
Stocking up on
brain food! This
radio astronomy
stuff makes you
I think you’re turning it the wrong way!
Are you sure this
is right?
Getting there is half the fun!
Whew!!! We made it!
Man, this is really fun!
The deer are everywhere. When riding down to the observatory
at night a watchful eye is needed to prevent collisions.
Am I doing this right?
Yeah, I got it!
We are so cool!!!!!!
This stuff is hard
to figure out!
But I think we got it!
The Green Bank Science Center
Demonstration at
the Green Bank
Science Center
Liquid Nitrogen
is so Cool!
Demonstration of
Radio Frequency
Loading up for the tour
Original Reber Telescope
U. S. Navy Telescope
The 140 foot Telescope
One of the telescopes used in
The Tatel Telescope used in the
the interferometer
Ozma Project- Search for ET
Replica of the first radio telescope: The Jansky Telescope
Getting ready to check out the Jansky
Lab where receivers are built
The GBT control
Research Presentations
Dividing up the Galactic
Plane of the Milky Way
 Students gathered over 50 sets of data
concerning the motion of Hydrogen in the
Galaxy. Hydrogen emits radio waves at a
frequency of 1420.41 MHz.
 By pointing the telescope at different Galactic
longitudes and gathering data about the
frequency shifts of the Hydrogen students
discerned that the Milky Way is indeed rotating.
 Students also detected clumps of Hydrogen
atoms in the Milky Way at periodic intervals. This
allowed them to deduce that the Milky Way
Galaxy is indeed a spiral galaxy.