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Perlis matriculation college

Tutorial : a3t8B
Group members : 1) Yeoh han
2) nurul aina binti ismail
3) nur zawani husna binti azhar
Lecturers name : madam ZUHAIDA BT ABDULLAH

What is thesis
tells the reader how you will interpret the significance of the
subject matter under discussion
tells the reader what to expect from the rest of the paper
makes a claim that others might dispute
usually a single sentence near the beginning of your paper(most
often, at the end ofthe first paragraph)

How to create a thesis?

Before you develop an argument on any topic, you have to collect
and organise
evidence, look for possible relationships between known facts (such
as surprising
contrasts or similarities), and think about the significance of these
relationships. Once
you do this thinking, you will probably have a working thesis that
presents a basic or
main idea and an argument that you think you can support with
evidence. Both the

What makes a good thesis

Substantial - Your thesis should be a claim for which it is easy to
answer every reader's question: "So what?"
Supportable - A thesis must be a claim that you can prove with
the evidence at hand (e.g., evidence from your texts or from your

Accurate - An effective thesis statement has been narrowed down

from a very broad subject. Your claim should not be something on
which whole books could be written.
Arguable - A thesis statement should not be a statement of fact
or an statement with which every reader is likely to immediately
agree. (Otherwise, try to convince your readers with an argument.)
Relevant - If you are responding to an assignment, the thesis
should answer the question your teacher has posed. In order to
stay focused, pay attention to the task words in the assignment:
summarise, argue, compare/contrast, etc.


Do I answer the question?Re-reading the question prompt
after constructing a working thesis can help you fix an argument
that misses the focus of the question.
Have I taken a position that others might challenge or
oppose?If your thesis simply states facts that no one would, or
even could, disagree with, its possible that you are simply
providing a summary, rather than making an argument.
Is my thesis statement specific enough?Thesis statements
that are too blur often do not have a strong argument. If your
thesis contains words like good or successful, see if you could

Does my thesis pass the So what? test?If a readers first

response is likely to be So what? then you need to explain, to
form a relationship, or to connect to a larger issue.
Does my essay support my thesis specifically and without
wandering?If your thesis and the body of your essay do not
seem to go together, one of them has to change. Its okay to
change your working thesis to reflect things you have figured out
in the course of writing your paper. Remember, always reassess
and revise your writing as necessary.
Does my thesis pass the how and why? test?If a readers
first response is how? or why? your thesis may be too openended and lack guidance for the reader. See what you can add to
give the reader a better take on your position right from the

Examples of good thesis

At least 25 percent of the federal budget should be spent on
limiting pollution.
This is an example of a debatable thesis because reasonable people
could disagree
with it. Some people might think that this is how we should spend
the nation's money.
Others might feel that we should be spending more money on
education. Still others

Narrowed debatable thesis 1:

At least 25 percent of the federal budget should be spent
on helping
upgrade business to clean technologies, researching
renewable energy
sources, and planting more trees in order to control or
eliminate pollution.

This thesis narrows the scope of the argument by specifying

not just the amount
of money used but also how the money could actually help to

America's anti-pollution efforts should focus on privately owned

In this example there is also room for disagreement between rational
individuals. Some
citizens might think focusing on recycling programs rather than
private automobiles is
the most effective strategy.

Narrowed debatable thesis 2:

America's anti-pollution efforts should focus on privately owned
cars because it would allow most citizens to contribute to
national efforts and care about the outcome.
This thesis narrows the scope of the argument by specifying not
just what the focus of
a national anti-pollution campaign should be but also why this is
the appropriate

Example of a narrow or focused thesis:

Illegal drug use is detrimental because it encourages gang
In this example the topic of drugs has been narrowed down to illegal
drugs and the
detriment has been narrowed down to gang violence. This is a much
more manageable

An effective thesis has a definable, arguable claim.

While cultural forces contributed to the collapse of communism in
Eastern Europe, the disintegration of economies played the key
role in driving its decline.
This thesis makes a definite, arguable claim: that the disintegration
of economies played
a more important role than cultural forces in defeating communism
in Eastern Europe.
The reader would react to this statement by thinking, "Perhaps what
the author says is
true, but I am not convinced. I want to read further to see how the
author argues this

A strong thesis statement is specific.

Hunger persists in Glandelinia because jobs are scarce
and farming in the infertile soil is rarely profitable.

This is a strong thesis statement because it narrows the subject to a

more specific and
manageable topic, and it also identifies the specific causes for the
existence of hunger.

Q:What should be done to reduce sugar consumption by children,

and who should do it?
Because half of all American elementary school children
consume nine times the recommended daily allowance of
sugar, schools should be required to replace the
beverages in soda machines with healthy alternatives.
Notice how the thesis answers the question, What should be done
to reduce sugar
consumption by children, and who should do it? When you started
thinking about the
paper, you may not have had a specific question in mind, but as
you became more