You are on page 1of 32

Hydraulic Overview

Upon Completion of this section one


should be able to:
Understand the basic structure of the hydraulic system
Locate all major hydraulic components
Explain the functions of the loader valve

Explain the functions on the combination valve

Volvo Construction Equipment

HYDRAULIC SECTION

Volvo Construction Equipment

Component Locator
B

A
G

A.
B.
C.
D.

Left and right drive motors


Loader control valve
Transmission pump
Loader Pump HF Option

Volvo Construction Equipment

D
E

E. Float and SRS Valve combined


F. Hydraulic Quick hitch
G. UDSL ( Parallel Lift Valve )

Component Locator

Combination valve w/ accumulator


mounted to valve.
Left front corner of chassis

Hydraulic filters mounted under cab,


must raise cab to service filters 500 hr
interval.
Charge pressure filter 5 micron

Loader hydraulic return filter 10 micron

Volvo Construction Equipment

Spec Sheet
Loader
Pump

Optional
High Flow
Pump
Main
Control
Valve Relief
Setting
Volvo Construction Equipment

Fixed displacement tandem gear pump


1st section main supply pump producing 24 gpms at
2400 rpms
2nd section is dedicated charge pump producing 9
gpms at 2400 rpm.

Fixed displacement triple gear pump with integrated


unloading valve w/ relief
Sections one and two identical to standard flow pump
3 rd section high flow section capable of producing 11
gpms at 2400 rpms ( combined flow of 35 gpms at
full throttle)

MRV 230 bar (3335 psi)


Tilt circuit ARVs 280 bar ( 4061psi )
High flow relief set at 227 bar ( 3300 psi)

Oil Flow Diagram

Volvo Construction Equipment

Basic Machine No Options

Hyd. Oil
Cooler

Combination
Valve
Transmission
Pump

A B
C
D
F E

Hydraulic Tank

Return Filter

N
O

I
KJ
LM

G
H

LH
Servo
Valve

Charge
Filter

RH
Servo
Valve

Loader Control Valve

Loader &
Charge
Pumps

P
1

Fan

FAN
P2

Volvo Construction Equipment

Hydraulic Hose Routing Standard Machine

Volvo Construction Equipment

High Flow Hydraulic Pump


MRV Test Point Location

Cast iron pump housing for better


durability

Combine flow of 35 gpms at 2400


rpms
Integrated high flow valve less hoses

Volvo Construction Equipment

High Flow Hydraulic Pump Breakdown

Volvo Construction Equipment

High Flow Hydraulic Pump

P1

1. Main hydraulic pump section


2. Charge pump section

P2

3. Optional high flow section


3

4. High flow relief set at 3300 psi

P3

5. High flow solenoid


4

Volvo Construction Equipment

High Flow Hydraulic Pump

P1

P2

P3

Volvo Construction Equipment

Machine running and high flow coil


off. Oil flow from P3 section returns to
tank via tank rail in main control
valve.
Once high flow coil is energized the
check valve in the coil blocks the path
to tank and provides pressurized oil to
the main control valve.

Main Control Valve


Open Center mono block design non
parallel ported.
Full servo operated w/ PWM AUX
circuit.
Mounted on R/H side of chassis above
drive motor
High flow circuit is combined internal in
the valve

Volvo Construction Equipment

Main Control Valve


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

7
1

5
6

Volvo Construction Equipment

Inlet port
Main relief valve
Lift section
Tilt section
Aux section
Return port
High Flow Inlet
port ( if fitted )

Main Control Valve Breakdown

Volvo Construction Equipment

Main Control Valve


Main Relief

Pilot operated relief set at 230bar (3335 psi)


Volvo Construction Equipment

Main Control Valve


Load Hold Check Valve

Load hold check valve located in both tilt and lift circuit
Not available in AUX due to high flow circuits are combined in the LHCV passage
Volvo Construction Equipment

Main Control Valve


Reverse Flow Check Valve

Reverse flow check valve, located on back of valve, under hex plug
Purpose to prevent any back flow / pressure on boom lower circuit
EX: operating Aux circuit and trying to power down with boom Auger or trencher
Volvo Construction Equipment

Main Control Valve


Auxiliary Relief Valve (ARV)

ARV providing port relief in the tilt circuit both directions


set at 280 bar
Non Adjustable
All circuits have the ability to have port reliefs
Volvo Construction Equipment

Return Filter

Hyd. Oil
Cooler

Hydraulic Tank

From
Combination
Valve

Loader
Valve

RH Servo
Valve

Loader

Pump Box
High Flow
Option

Volvo Construction Equipment

Bucket

Aux.

Main Control Valve Loader Raise

Main Relief
Valve 230
Bar

Loader
Pump

High Flow
Pump

Volvo Construction Equipment

Main Control Valve Loader Raise

Volvo Construction Equipment

Main Control Valve High Flow Energized

Volvo Construction Equipment

Combination Valve

Solenoid Functions
A Two Speed (if equipped)
B Park brake release
C Loader cut-out
D Servo drive pressure
Aux servo pressure maintained
via accumulator
Mounted under cab left front
corner of chassis
Park brake coil and loader cut-off
spool are interchangeable
Two speed and drive coil are not

Volvo Construction Equipment

Combination Valve Coil Identification


A.

Two speed Coil

B.

Proportionally controlled by ECU to provide soft shift.

Brake Cut-off Coil

C.

Supplies brake release pressure to both drive motors


Loader Cut-off Coil

D.

Supplies servo oil to right hand controller


Servo Drive Cut-off

Provides servo pressure to drive controller

Also is proportionally controlled by ECU for creep functions

Volvo Construction Equipment

Hydraulic Tank

From
Charge
Pump

Combo Valve
LH
Servo
RH
Servo

Transmission Pump
Brake
Release

Two
Speed

AUX.

Volvo Construction Equipment

Combination Valve Port Identification

A Two Speed (if


equipped)
B Park brake release
C Loader cut-out

10

D Servo drive
pressure

2
3

11

12

4
5

6
7

13
D

Volvo Construction Equipment

1. P2 charge pressure input from


transmission pump MG port
2. AUX servo pressure to main control
valve splices at Aux spools to provide
control pressure
3. ACC maintains servo pressure at
AUX circuit
4. D Two speed shift pressure to left
hand drive motor
5. D3 Two speed shift pressure to
right hand drive motor
6. BR1 brake release pressure to left
hand drive motor
7. BR2 brake release pressure to right
hand drive motor
8. C Servo pressure for loader control

Combination Valve Port Identification


10

11

12

2
3
4
5

6
7

13
D

Volvo Construction Equipment

9. A Servo drive pressure to


drive controller
10. T tank port
11. D1 return port for AUX servo
control
12. D2 return port for AUX servo
control
13. P1 Drive pressure feed from
Y port on transmission pump
A.Two Speed Coil
B.Brake Release Coil
C.Servo Cut-off Coil
D.Drive Pressure Cut-off Coil (
Creep)

Combination Valve
Servo Cut-off and Park Brake Operation
Servo pressure enters valve and
charges AUX accumulator and
provides servo pressure to Aux spools
at MCV
Once all safety switches are closed
and the operator depresses the park
brake switch and servo cut-off switch.
The coils are energized via the ECU.
Which releases the spring applied
brake and supplies servo oil to right
hand controller.

Volvo Construction Equipment

Combination Valve
Two Speed and Creep Function
Once two speed button is pushed on left
hand controller. The ECU sends a PWM
signal to the proportional solenoid to shift
into high range. At the same time the ECU
also sends a signal to the right hand dash
panel to illuminate the seat belt icon and
two speed icon.
ECU will not energize the creep solenoid
until the park brake is released. Once the
park brake is released the ECU will
energize the coil allowing full pressure to
drive controller.
If equip the two speed button can be
pushed twice to enter creep mode. Each
time the turn signal button is pushed the
drive speed is reduced or increased in 1 %
increments.
Volvo Construction Equipment

Review Questions
Which component receives oil from the charge pump first?
Servo oil originates from where?
Which valve contains the brake release coil?

The high flow pump mostly feeds which function?

Volvo Construction Equipment