You are on page 1of 25

6 Kingdoms of Life

What is life?
How are all living things
organized?

Do not answer yet, just copy into left side.


Engage
List reasons why the
man is a living thing.

Essential Question
How are all living things
organized?

Explain
What makes a fish a fish?

Why is a sunflower a
sunflower?

Why is a mushroom a
fungus and not a plant?
List reasons why the
car is not a living
thing.
What makes bacteria
different from other
organism?
Why are viruses not in any
Kingdom?

Engage
List reasons to support
why this man is
living.

List reasons to support


why this car is not
living.

Characteristics of Life
must meet ALL to be living
1. Made up of 1 or more cells
2. Metabolism
Did yo
ui
3. Excretion / Homeostasis
all thes nclude
e
engag in your
e answ
4. Movement
e
about
the ma r
n?
5. Contains Genetic material
6. Reproduction
7. Growth and Development
8. Response to Environment / Adapt
9. Evolve

How do scientists organize living things?


organism #1

organism #2

organism #3

organism
#4

organism #5

organism #6

Kingdom

Archeabacteria

Eubacteria

Protista

Fungus

Plantae

Animalia

Phylum

Crenarchaeota

Chlamydiae

Sarcodina

Basidiomycota

Anthophyta

Chordata

Class

Thermoprotei

Chlamydiae

Tubulinea

Agaricomycetes

Dicotyledones

Mammalia

Order

Acidilobales

Chlamydiales

Tubulinida

Agaricales

Fagales

Carnivora

Family

Caldisphaeraceae

Chlamydiaceae

Amoebidae

Amanitace
ae

Fagaceae

Canidae

Genus

Caldisphaera

Chlamydia

Chaos

Amanita

Quercus

Canis

Species

dracosis

trachomatis

chaos

muscaria

rubra

familiaris

Scientists use characteristics specific for each Kingdom to organize organisms.


Using this organization, you should be able to make some generalizations based
on what you know about taxonomic levels. In particular, the more levels of
classification that two or more organisms share, the more similar they will
be.

Copy this table. Use slides to fill in information.


Domain
Kingdom
Type of cell
Multi or
Unicellular
Cell wall type
Cell
structures
Mode of
nutrition
Genetic
material
Type of
environment

Eubacteria

Archaebac
teria

Eukarya

3 Domains copy this not in table

Archaea and Eubacteria


unicellular
prokaryotes (no nucleus)
no membrane-bound organelles

Eukarya
more complex
most are multicellular, some unicellular
eukaryotes (have nucleus)
membrane-bound organelles

Archaebacteria

Use the following


slide to fill in table.

live in extremely harsh environments and


may represent the first cells to have evolved
Make own food
using H2, S or CO2

extreme
environments
HOT,

Sewage
treatment
plants, thermal
vents, etc.

Acidic,
Salty,
Anaerobic
Unicellular
no nucleus
1 circular chromosome

Eubacteria
some cause human diseases
present in almost all habitats on earth

Unicellular
No nucleus
Cell wall made up of
peptidoglycan

Live in
the
intestines
of animals

Many bacteria are important environmentally and commercially.


1 Circular
Some are autotrophic but most are heterotrophs
chromosome, no
nucleus

Protista

Have DNA inside nucleus


All live in marine or
Fungus like protists (absorbtive heterotrophs)
freshwater
Most are unicellular
Few are multicellular
Some are autotrophic,
Animal like protists (heterotrophic)
others are heterotrophic
3 groups

Animal-like
Plant-like
Fungus-like

Plant like protists (autotrophic,


cellulose cell walls)

Fungus

DNA inside nucleus


Multicellular, except yeast
Absorptive heterotrophs
(digest food outside their
body & then absorb it)
Cell walls made of chitin
Found in marine,
freshwater and terrestrial
environments

Plantae

DNA inside nucleus

All Multicellular

All Autotrophic

use sunlight to make


glucose Photosynthesis

Cell walls made of cellulose

Animalia

DNA inside nucleus


Multicellular
No cell walls
Ingestive
heterotrophs
(consume food &
digest it inside their
bodies)
Feed on plants or
animals

Viruses- copy this not in table

Viruses are much smaller than


bacteria.
They are not an ancient life form.
Viruses are virulent.
They cause diseases like the flu
or chicken pox.
Most biologists agree that
viruses are not alive.
Viruses do not move, grow, or
carry out respiration.
Viruses need living host cells to
reproduce.

Make a Dichotomous Key for


Kingdoms
1a. Nucleus absentgo to 2
1b. Nucleus presentgo to
2a. Lives in extreme environmentArcheabacteria
2b. Lives throughout earth..Eubacteria
3a.
Organize the
3b.
organisms in
.
the pictures
.
.
Use general
characteristics
in your notes

Matching Game
All living things share characteristics.
Match the squares to show your
understanding of living things.

Taking in food

Using energy
(ATP) to grow,
develop and
repair cells

Prokaryote

Photosynthesis

Organism that
uses sunlight or
inorganic
molecules to
make own food

Metabolic
process for
making glucose

Metabolism

Digestion

Cell with DNA


but no nucleus
or any
membrane
bound organelle

Action, movement
or change in
behavior caused
by stimulus that
help organism
survive

Response /
Adapt

Ingestion

Process by
which food is
broken down
into simpler
substances

Process of
getting rid of
waste materials

Excretion

Autotroph

Smallest unit of
all living things

Process by which
Eukaryote
group of organisms
change through
time based on their
adaptations

Grow and
Develop

Cell with DNA


inside nucleus
and other
membrane
bound
organelles

Genetic material
with organisms
trait information

Multicellular

Unicellular

Ability to move
around
environment or
transport
substances inside
body

To increase in
size and
complexity

Evolve

Cells

DNA/RNA

Movement

Made up of 1 cell Made up of


many cells

Organisms that
digest food
outside their
bodies then
absorb (ingest)
molecules -fungi

The science of
classification of
living things.

Heterotroph

Respiration

Kingdom Phylum
Class Order
Family Genus
Species

A series of two
characteristics
given to identify
organisms.

ribosome

Virus

A small infectious
agent that can
replicate only
inside the cells of
other organisms

Metabolic
process of using
oxygen and
glucose to make
ATP

Taxonomy

Taxonomic levels

Organism that
ingests organic
molecules as
food

Non membrane
bound organelle
used to make
proteins

Absorbtive
heterotroph

Dichotomous
Key

Domain

Eubacteria

Archaebac
teria

Eukarya

Kingdom

Eubacteria

Archaebacteria

Protista

Fungi

Plantae

Animalia

Type of cell

Prokaryotic

Prokaryotic

Eukaryotic

Eukaryotic

Eukaryotic

Eukaryotic

Multi or
Unicellular

Uni

uni

Some Uni
Some Multi

Multi
Few uni

Multi

multi

Cell wall type

peptidoglycan

No
peptidoglycan

cellulose

chitin

cellulose

none

Cell
structures

capsule
Ribosomes
Pili
Flagella
No nucleus

capsule
Ribosomes
Pili
Flagella
No nucleus

Chloroplast
Cilia
Flagella
ribosomes
Nucleus
Membrane
bound
organelles

Hyphae
mycellium
Septum
ribosomes
Many nuclei
Membrane
bound
organelles

Chloroplast
mitochondria
Large vacuole
ribosomes
membrane
bound organelles

ribosomes
Mitochondria
Nucleus
Membrane bound
organelles
centrioles

Mode of
nutrition

Autotroph or
heterotroph

Autotroph (H2,
S, CO2)

Autotroph or
heterotroph

absorbtive
heterotroph
(digest
externally)

Autotroph

Heterotroph
(digest internally)

Genetic
material

Circular DNA
1 chromosome

Circular DNA
1 chromosome

Linear DNA
Many
chromosomes

Linear DNA
Many
chromosomes

Linear DNA
Many
chromosomes

Linear DNA
Many
chromosomes

Type of
environment

Through out
earth, on and
inside other
living
organisms

extremely
Salty, Hot, Acid,
Anaerobic

Marine
freshwater

Marine
Freshwater
Terrestrial

Freshwater
Terrestrial

Marine
Freshwater
Terrestrial