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MUSIC OF MINDANAO

RALPH PASCASIO
X - LOVE

ISLAMIC MUSIC
MINDANAO IS ONE OF THE LARGEST ISLAND

SURROUNDED BY FOUR SEAS NAMELY


SULU SEA TO THE WEST, PHILIPPINE SEA TO THE
EAST, CELEBES SEA TO THE SOUTH AND MINDANAO
SEA TO THE NORTH. THIS IS THE REGION THAT HAS
THE GREATEST VARIETY OF DEVELOPMENT. IT HAS
MOUNTAINS AND VOLCANOES THAT ARE COMPLEX
IN STRUCTURE THAT ATTRACTS TOURIST.
MINDANAO CONSIST OF PEOPLE OF DIFFERENT
LANGUAGES TRIBES AND RACES IT IS ALSO
CONSIST OF MORO AND THE LUMAD WHICH RESIST
THE SPANISH COLONIZATION.

ELEMENTS OF MUSIC
RHYTHM FAST AND MODERATE OR SLOW IN TEMPO

METER REGULAR AND IRREGULAR METER


FORM SYLLABIC AND MELISIMATIC. PHRASING
TEXTURE MONOPHONY, HOMOPHONY, HETEROPHONY
HARMONY MAJOR AND MINOR TONALITY, PENTATONIC SCALE, MODAL
MELODY NARROW RANGE, MODERATE, WIDE RANGE
TIMBRE HEAD VOICE / FALSETTO (LIGHT), CHEST / SPEAKING VOICE
(THROATY), GUTTURAL VOICE

VOCAL MUSIC OF MINDANAO


CHANTING IS MAKING MELODIC SOUNDS WITH THE VOICE ONLY.

EXAMPLE OF CHANTS:
MIMINSAD DANCE SONG AND CHANTED AS PEOPLE WALK
BEFORE THE ALTAR.
DARANGEN - EPIC SONG WHICH INCLUDES A WEALTH OF
KNOWLEDGE ABOUT THE MARANAO PEOPLE LIVING IN THE
LAKE OF LANAO.
ULAGING - MOST IMPORTANT TYPE OF VOCAL MUSIC. IT
RECALLS THE ADVENTURE OF THE MAIN HERO AGYU AND HIS
BROTHERS AND SISTERS.

INSTRUMENTAL MUSIC OF
MINDANAO
KULINTANG - COUNTERPART OF THE MALAYSIAN

INDONESIAN GAMELAN. IT IS THE PRINCIPAL EIGHT GONG


SERIES USED TO PLAY A VARIETY OF MEANINGFUL
COMPOSITION.
ENSEMBLE COMPOSED OF A SET OF SONGS OF
GRADUATED SIZES ARRANGED IN A ROW. ALSO
CONSIDERED AS AN WOMANS INSTRUMENT. ASSOCIATED
WITH GRACEFUL, SLOW, FRAIL, AND RELAXED
MOVEMENTS THAT SHOWS ELEGANCE DECORUM THAT
ARE COMMON AMONG FEMALES. KULINTANG ENSEMBLE IS
COMPOSED OF KULINTANG, GANDINGAN, DABAKAN, AND
BEBENDIL.

GANDIGAN A SET OF FOUR LARGE HANGING

GONGS.
AGUNG IS ONE OR TWO SUSPENDED GONGS
DABAKAN A SINGLE HEADED PHILIPPINE DRUM
THAT LOOKS LIKE A GOBLET USED BY
MARANAOS
BEBENDIL IS USED AS A TIMEKEEPER OF THE
MAGUINDANAO KULINTANG ENSEMBLE.

BAMBOO MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS


OF MINDANAO
KUBING IS MADE OF BAMBOO. IT IS HELD

HORIZONTALLY WITH THE BAMBOO TONGUE IN


FRONT OF THE OPENED MOUTH. CAN BE PLAYED IN
SOLO OR IN ENSEMBLE.
SULING CALLED THE RING FLUTE. SMALLEST
BAMBOO FLUTE OF MINDANAO. SOUND IS
PRODUCED WHEN AIR PASSES THROUGH THE
HOLE FOUND AT THE BOTTOM OF THE
INSTRUMENT WHILE THE PITCH IS CONTROLLED
THROUGH THE FIVE FINGER HOLES AT THE TOP
AND ONE FINGER HOLE LOCATED AT THE BOTTOM.

PALENDAG IS A LIP-VALLEY FLUTE AND ONE OF

THE MOST COMMON AEROPHONES OF THE


MAGUINDANAONS.
KAGUL IS A MAGUINDANAO BAMBOO SCRAPER
GONG OR SLIT DRUM WITH A JAGGED EDGE
ON ONE SIDE.

OTHER MUSICAL
INSTRUMENTS
GADDING DRUMS

TUNGALLAN LARGE GONGS


DUWAHAN A SET OF TWO PAIRED GONGS

NON ISLAMIC MUSIC


LUMAD IS A VISAYAN WORD FOR NATIVE OR

INDIGENOUS. ALSO REFERS TO THE NON


CHRISTIAN AND NON MUSLIM ETHNIC
GROUPS OF MINDANAO. MUSIC INCLUDES A
WIDE REPERTOIRE OF SOUNDS PERFORMED
FOR VARIOUS OCCASIONS. ALSO MAKE USE
OF A GENERAL ARRAY OF MUSICAL
INSTRUMENT THAT INCLUDES THE AGONG.

TBOLI ARE TRIBES OF SOUTH COTABATO. THEY

PERFORM DIFFERENT SONGS FROM DIFFERENT


OCCASIONS AND SENTIMENTS LIKE WEDDING
AND FISHING.THEY REFLECT CLOSENESS TO
NATURE THROUGH THE IMITATION OF NATURAL
SOUNDS.
MANSAKA ARE TRIBES FROM THE PROVINCE OF
DAVAO DEL NORTE AND COMPOSTELA
VALLEY.MUSICAL FORMS INCLUDE THE SALIADA
THAT IS SIMILAR TO BALLAD AND BAYOK ON OR
SONGS OF LOVE AND ADVENTURE.

THANK YOU