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HOW TO

USE

Genk yshi

What is (genkyshi)?
Genk yshi is a type of Japanese paper used for formal writing.
It is printed with squares, typically 200 or 400 per sheet, each
square takes one single Japanese character or punctuation mark.
Genk yshi can be used horizontally or vertically, as shown.

Horizontal writing:
Read from top to
bottom

Vertical writing:
Read from right to
left

Why use
Japanese primary and secondary students are required to
hand in assignments, such as letters, essays and so on,
written on genk yshi. Essays and school entrance
examinations are also written on genk yshi paper.
There are special rules how to write on genk yshi.
Knowing these rules is essential.

BASIC RULES FOR


VERTICAL WRITING

apanese is written from top to bottom

nd, right to left

One square per Japanese character


kanji

rite only 1 Japanese character (hiragana,


katakana or kanji) in each square

mall kana such as take 1


square each but are written in the top
right quarter of a genk yshi square

katakana
long sound
katakana

hiragana

ong katakana sounds ie are


written as one vertical line (not
horizontally)

small hiragan

small katakana

One square for Japanese


punctuation
F

ull stops and commas take 1 square


each and are written in the top right
quarter of a genk yshi square

pening quotation mark (speech marks)


go in the top right quarter of a genk
yshi square

full stop

opening
speech
mark

losing quotation mark (speech marks)


go in the bottom left quarter of a genk
yshi square

closing
speech
mark
comma

End of the line punctuation


When a sentence ends in
the last box of a line, put
the punctuation mark:
1.on the right bottom
quarter in the same box
along with the character,
OR
2.outside the genk yshi
boxes on the right.

inside

outside

New paragraph indent one box


tart each new paragraph with one empty box

new
paragraph

Leave
empty for
a new
paragraph

ESSAY WRITING

Essay title and authors name


Write the title of the essay on the
right side of the genk yshi
paper.

Leave 3
empty
boxes

Indent 3 boxes, start writing in the


fourth box.
title

Write your name on the next line,


leave 1 box blank at the bottom of
the line.
Put a dot in the centre of the box
between your first and last name

authors
name
dot

Leave 1
empty box

Start the essay


Start the essay on the 3rd line of
the genk yshi page
Leave an empty box (it is a new
paragraph)

Start of the
essay (leave a
blank box at the
start of a
paragraph)

Summary

Look at this essay. Can you spot the errors?

Did you find all the errors? Why are they errors?

LETTER WRITING

Dear~

Leave 3
empty
boxes

S
tart the letter on the right side of
the genk yshi paper.

eave 3 genk yshi boxes empty

and
L
comma

S
tart writing in the 4th box
P
ut the name of the person you are
writing to followed by
then and comma

Content
Usually start the first paragraph with a
greeting and by talking about the season or
weather
Write in the main body of the letter details
such events, directions, thoughts, feelings,
responses to any questions etc
The last paragraph has any final
greetings/goodbyes

From ~

Leave
2
empty
boxes
date

n the next line, leave 2 genk


yshi squares empty then write
the date (year, month, day)

n the next line, at the bottom


of the page, write your name
followed by (putting a dot
between your first and last
name), leave no empty squares

then
leave
no
boxes
empty
name

Look at this letter. Can you spot the errors?

Did you find all the errors? Why are they errors?