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UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA

EC772- MASTER IN CIVIL ENGINEERING (GEOTECHNIQUE)


ECG 734 GROUND IMPROVEMENT ENGINEERING
ASSIGNMENT 1
HYDRAULIC METHOD : PVD & SURCHARGING
PREPARED BY
SITI SUHARTI BINTI CHE MAMAT
2009675012
PREPARED FOR
DR. MOHAMED AHMED HAFEZ JAHEEN

MEMBINA DAN MENAIKTARAF


JALAN LINGKARAN PULAU INDAH,
NEGERI SELANGOR DARUL EHSAN
(REKA DAN BINA)
FASA 1
(CH2800M KE CH6700M)

PROJECT BRIEF
Contract Title

Membina Dan Menaiktaraf Jalan Lingkaran Pulau


Indah, Negeri Selangor Darul Ehsan (Reka Dan Bina)
Fasa 1 (Ch2800m Ke Ch6700m)

Client

Kementerian Kerja Raya Malaysia

Project Cost

RM 109,000,000.00

Date Of Site
Possession

15 June 2010

Date Of Completion

14 December 2012 (Duration 30 months)

KEY PLAN

CH

CH

2+
80
0

6+
70
0
SK
VE

LAYOUT PLAN

2
CH

+80

CH6+
70

PROJECT BACKGROUND
The proposed PIRR is a dual 2 lane
carriageway
Total length is 3.9km
Located beside and along riverside of
Pulau Indah and to be constructed on soft
alluvium deposits

Figure 1 : Site Location Plan

GENERAL GEOLOGY
Proposed site is predominantly located at the alluvium
deposits (according to the Geological Map of Selangor, Sheet
93 1975 published by Minerals and Geoscience Department)
Geological Map : The alluvium was deposited during the
Quarternary period.
The alluvium deposit mainly consists of very soft to soft
Silty CLAY and clayey/sandy SILT with the presence of sand
ans sea shells.
Below the topsoil is a layer of very soft to soft compressible
clay, which has been described as MARINE CLAY. This soft
clay is light grey in colour and varies from very soft to very
stiff silty CLAY to sandy CLAY.

General
Geology of
Proposed Site

Subsurface investigation
BOREHOLES

37 Nos

PIEZOCONES

15 Nos

PENETRATING VANE SHEAR TESTS 12 Nos


MACKINTOSH PROBES

279 Nos

LABORATORY TESTS

One Dimensional Test, Unconfined


Compression Test (UCT), Chemical
Test, Particle Size Distribution,
Atterberg Limit, Moisture Content,
etc.

Subsoil Condition
Depth of boreholes form the existing ground surface
ranges from 60m to 70m
Most of the subsoil condition shows thin layer (<5m
thick) of sandy material on top of the existing ground
levels throughout the mainline, indicating previous fill
First top 30m to 45m of the subsoil consists of
relatively soft overburden materials with SPT-N value
<5 with intermediate layers of thin sand lenses
SPT-N increased gradually with depth
No bedrock layer detected or encountered until down
70m below existing ground level

SUMMARY OF SUBSOIL
CONDITION
Undrained Shear

Chainage

Subsoil Condition

Ch5475
Ch6400

Ch6400
Ch7500

Strength

Main Concern

3m
to
4m 8kPa for top 2m Long
term
SAND layers
subsoil at soil consolidation
Compressible area
settlement
and
layer
short
term
thickness
embankment
about 35m to
stability
40m
1m
to
2m 6kPa to 8kPa for
SAND layers
top 2m subsoil at
Compressible soil area
layer
thickness
about 30m

Long
term
consolidation
settlement
and
short
term
embankment
stability

SUBSOIL PROFILE

BULK UNIT WEIGHT OF SUBSOIL

PLASTICITY CHART OF SUBSOIL

TOTAL SULPHATE CONTENT

TOTAL pH VALUE OF SUBSOIL

CHLORIDE CONTENT OF SUBSOIL

ORGANIC CONTENT OF SUBSOIL

UNDRAINED SHEAR STRENGTH PROFILE


CH 5300+CH6000

UNDRAINED SHEAR STRENGTH PROFILE


CH 6900+CH7700

UNDRAINED SHEAR STRENGTH PROFILE


CH 6000+CH6900

COMPRESSION RATIO

RECOMPRESSION RATIO

COEFFICIENT OF CONSOLIDATION

PVD DESIGN

PVD DESIGN

CONSTRUCTION DRAWING

INSTRUMENTATION

TAKING OFF

TOTAL COST FOR PVD + SURCHARGING = RM11, 420 561.80

MATERIAL SPECIFICATION

INSTALLATION PROCEDURE

PHOTOS

Photo 1: Pre boring work for PVD at CH6275


LHS
Photo 2 : PVD works at CH 6400 RHS
Photo 3

Photo 2
Photo 1

Photo 3 : Platform for PVD works at CH 6500 t0


CH6700