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Engr. Lauro C. Canceran
OSHC - Environment Control Division

 Definition: Unwanted Sound
 Types:

Continuous/Steady Noise
Intermittent Noise
Impact/Impulsive Noise

or temperature.Nature of Sound Definition of a Wave Webster's dictionary defines a wave as "a disturbance or variation that transfers energy progressively from point to point in a medium and that may take the form of an elastic deformation or of a variation of pressure." . electric potential. electric or magnetic intensity.

Nature of Sound Sound Pressure Medium for its Propagation Sound Velocity .

Frequency (Pitch) Audible Frequency for Human Infrasound Ultrasound Sound Spectrum of an Air-Compressor .



FACTORS AFFECTING THE DEGREE AND EXTENT OF HEARING LOSS Intensity of noise Type of noise Period of exposure each day Total work duration Individual susceptibility .

FACTORS AFFECTING THE DEGREE AND EXTENT OF HEARING LOSS Age of worker Co-existing hearing loss and ear disease Character of the surroundings in which the noise is produced Distance from the source Position of the ear with respect to sound waves .

SOUND MEASURING INSTRUMENTS  SOUND LEVEL METER A device that measures the intensity of sound Decibel (dB)-unit of measurement for sound level meter  DOSIMETER –  FREQUENCY ANALYZER -1/3 octave band filter .

Sound Level Meter Microphone Windscreen Preamplifier Mounting Ring Level Range Selector Function Selector Digital Display Analog Meter Control Section .

SOUND SURVEYS Estimate roughly the noise level Pinpoint the noisy machineries and processes Determine the workarea and worker affected .

5 meter above the ground/floor) Fixed operational position of worker Under ordinary noise conditions in the work area In a time zone deemed to have the highest noise level .1.2 .WHERE & WHEN TO MEASURE A position near the worker’s ear (1.

Permissible Noise Exposure Level Duration per day. hours Sound Level. dBA 8 6 4 3 2 1-1/2 1 ½ ¼ 90 92 95 97 100 102 105 110 115 Ceiling value : No exposure in excess of 115 dBA is allowed .

BASIC PRINCIPLE OF NOISE CONTROL Controlling or attenuating at its source Controlling or attenuating along its path from source listener Controlling or attenuating at the receiver (listener) noise noise to noise .

METHODOLOGY FOR REDUCING NOISE Engineering Controls Administrative Controls Temporary Measures .

ENGINEERING CONTROLS Substitution of machines Substitution of processes Maintenance Reduction of the driving force of vibrating surfaces Reduction of the sound radiation from vibrating surfaces .

ENGINEERING CONTROLS Reduction of the sound transmission through solids Reduction of the sound produced by gas flow Reduction of noise by reducing its transmission through air Isolation of the operator by means of soundproof booth .

Modular Acoustic Screens .

Engine Box .

Baffle – Hanging Arrangement .

Sound Absorbing Materials .

Providing Vibration Isolators .

Lining with vibration dampening materials .

ADMINISTRATIVE CONTROL Job rotation Selecting machine operating times Purchase agreements .

TEMPORARY MEASURES  Classes Enclosures Aural inserts (earplugs) Superaural protectors (Canal caps) Circumaural protectors (earmuffs) .

Temporary Protective Equipment .