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Slideshow about crystal symmetry and associated operations.

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You are on page 1of 10

Does the order in which two transformations are performed affect the final

image?

B(4, 2) and C(3, 4). We then reflect ABC in

the x-axis to obtain ABC .

Rotating

ABC 90 clockwise about

P (4, 5), we obtain ABC .

ABC .

Multiple Transformations

Does the order in which two transformations are performed affect the final

image?

Now watch as we repeat those steps, but

reverse the order of the transformations by

performing the rotation first and the

reflection second.

compared to the last, it is clear that the order

in which transformations are done affects

the final image.

A translation, or glide, and a reflection can be performed one after the other

to produce a transformation known as a glide reflection.

A glide reflection is a transformation in which every point P is mapped onto a

point P by the following steps:

A translation maps P onto P .

A reflection in a line k parallel to the

direction of the translation maps P

onto P .

translation, it does not matter whether you glide first and then reflect, or

reflect first and then glide.

Use the information below to sketch the image of

reflection.

A(1, 3), B( 4, 1), C( 6, 4)

Translation: ( x, y)

(x + 10, y)

SOLUTION

Begin by graphing ABC. Then,

shift the triangle 10 units to the right

to produce ABC .

Finally, reflect the triangle in the

x-axis to produce ABC .

Using Compositions

When two or more transformations are combined to produce a single

transformation, the result is called a composition of the transformations.

THEOREM

Theorem 7.6

Composition Theorem

theorem implies that glide reflections are isometries.

In a glide reflection, the order in which the transformations are performed does

not affect the final image.

For other compositions of transformations, the order may affect the final

image.

Sketch the image of PQ after a composition of the given rotation and

reflection.

P (2, 2), Q (3, 4)

Rotation: 90 counterclockwise about the origin

Reflection: in the y -axis

SOLUTION

Begin by graphing PQ. Then, rotate

the segment 90 counterclockwise

about the origin to produce P Q.

Finally, reflect the segment in the y -axis

to produce P Q .

Repeat the previous example, but switch the order of the composition by

performing the reflection first and the rotation second. What do you notice?

SOLUTION

Graph PQ. Then, reflect the segment in the y -axis to obtain P Q . Rotate P Q

90 counterclockwise about the origin to obtain P Q.

Instead of being in Quadrant II, as in the previous example, the image is in

Quadrant IV.

The order in which the transformations are performed affects the final image.

Describing a Composition

Describe the composition of transformations in the diagram.

SOLUTION

Two transformations are shown. First, figure ABCD is reflected in the line x = 2

to produce figure ABCD.

Then, figure ABC D is rotated 90 clockwise about the point (2, 0) to produce

figure ABC D.

Describing a Composition

Puzzles The mathematical game pentominoes is a tiling game that uses

twelve different types of tiles, each composed of five squares.

The tiles are referred to by the letters they resemble. The object of the game is

to pick up and arrange the tiles to create a given shape. Use compositions of

transformations to describe how the tiles below will complete the 6 5

rectangle.

Describing a Composition

SOLUTION

To complete part of the rectangle, rotate the F tile 90 clockwise, reflect the tile

over a horizontal line, and translate it into place.

To complete the rest of the rectangle, rotate the P tile 90 clockwise, reflect the

tile over a vertical line, and translate it into place.

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