Probability and Statistics

© All Rights Reserved

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Probability and Statistics

© All Rights Reserved

- UT Dallas Syllabus for stat7330.0u1.08u taught by Michael Baron (mbaron)
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PROBABILITY

AND STATISTICS

College of Engineering

FEU Institute of Technology

TOPIC OUTLINE

Basic Concepts in Statistics

Sampling Techniques

Data Collection and Presentation

BASIC CONCEPTS OF

STATISTICS

the face of uncertainty and variation through the use of profound

scientific data.

Sources of Variation

Variation in precision (closeness of one data to the other given nature,

location and time of collection is identical)

Variation in accuracy (closeness to the true value)

Introduction to

to

Introduction

Probability and

and

Probability

Statistics

Statistics

Basic Concepts

Concepts of

of

Basic

Statistics

Statistics

Sampling Techniques

Techniques

Sampling

Data Collection

Collection and

and

Data

Presentation

Presentation

BASIC CONCEPTS OF

STATISTICS

there is variability in the scientific data.

Introduction to

to

Introduction

Probability and

and

Probability

Statistics

Statistics

Basic Concepts

Concepts of

of

Basic

Statistics

Statistics

Sampling Techniques

Techniques

Sampling

Data Collection

Collection and

and

Data

Presentation

Presentation

of samples, or collections of observations.

Samples are collected from populations, which are

collections of individual items of a particular type.

1. We may wish to draw conclusions about the heights of

12,000 adult students by examining only 100 students

selected from this population

Introduction to

to

Introduction

Probability and

and

Probability

Statistics

Statistics

Basic Concepts

Concepts of

of

Basic

Statistics

Statistics

Sampling Techniques

Techniques

Sampling

Data Collection

Collection and

and

Data

Presentation

Presentation

200 marbles in an urn by selecting a sample of 20

marbles from the urn.

Population can be finite or infinite, the number being called the

population size, usually denoted by N.

The number in the sample is called the sample size, denoted by

n, which is generally finite.

BASIC CONCEPTS OF

STATISTICS

An experimental design can be created in systems where

factors can be adjusted accordingly. (i.e. production lines)

Factors can be varied to improve quality of inferences

observational study is required. (i.e. wood density of trees in

the forest)

Quality of inferences is only as good as what can be gathered

to

Introduction

Probability and

and

Probability

Statistics

Statistics

Basic Concepts

Concepts of

of

Basic

Statistics

Statistics

Sampling Techniques

Techniques

Sampling

Data Collection

Collection and

and

Data

Presentation

Presentation

BASIC CONCEPTS OF

STATISTICS

statistics are valuable whenever a scientific practitioner

wishes only to gain a summary of a set of data. It provides

a sense of center of the location of the data

variability in the data

general nature of the distribution of observations in the sample

to

Introduction

Probability and

and

Probability

Statistics

Statistics

Basic Concepts

Concepts of

of

Basic

Statistics

Statistics

Sampling Techniques

Techniques

Sampling

Data Collection

Collection and

and

Data

Presentation

Presentation

ROLE OF PROBABILITY

Example: Effect of Nitrogen on the Growth of Roots

Basic Concepts

Concepts of

of

Basic

Statistics

Statistics

Sampling Techniques

Techniques

Sampling

Data Set

There are two samples from two

separate population (comparative study)

Probability would quantify the

likelihood that this set of data could be

observed

Dot Plot

Introduction to

to

Introduction

Probability and

and

Probability

Statistics

Statistics

Data Collection

Collection and

and

Data

Presentation

Presentation

PROBABILITY AND

STATISTICAL INFERENCE

Inductive reasoning: For a statistical problem,

inferential statistics makes clear use of the elements of

probability in order to draw sound conclusions about the

population.

Deductive reasoning: Elements in probability

allow us to draw conclusions about characteristics

of hypothetical data taken from the population,

based on known features of the population

to

Introduction

Probability and

and

Probability

Statistics

Statistics

Basic Concepts

Concepts of

of

Basic

Statistics

Statistics

Sampling Techniques

Techniques

Sampling

Data Collection

Collection and

and

Data

Presentation

Presentation

Inductive reasoning: For a statistical problem,

inferential statistics makes clear use of the elements of

probability in order to draw sound conclusions about the

population.

Deductive reasoning: Elements in probability

allow us to draw conclusions about characteristics

of hypothetical data taken from the population,

based on known features of the population

to

Introduction

Probability and

and

Probability

Statistics

Statistics

Basic Concepts

Concepts of

of

Basic

Statistics

Statistics

Sampling Techniques

Techniques

Sampling

Data Collection

Collection and

and

Data

Presentation

Presentation

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