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# Modeling type

:
 Deterministic model.
 Stochastic model.

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Deterministic Model : This method gives us only one realization with high probability of success after studying the area and reaching the proper conceptual model.  8/21/16 2 .

Stochastic model :  This method gives us a lot of realizations with low probability of success by geostatistical methods Like krigging and co-krigging . Always there’s no enough 8/21/16 3 .

employing primarily random models in a manner similar to the way in which time series analysis characterizes temporal data. 1999) 8/21/16 4 . ” (Olea.What is Geostatistics ? “ Geostatistics can be regarded as a collection of numerical techniques that deal with the characterization of spatial attributes.

 It turns the uncertainty to determination. 8/21/16 5 .What is Variogram ?  it’s the model that define the relationship between x and y and understanding why this happens so we know the link between the data and the theory.

E [ ] : is the statistical expectation operator. ( ) : is a function of the separation between points . N(Dx. y). (Dx. Dy) : equal the number of pairs.Dy) and not a function of the specific location (x.y) : is the value of the variable of interest at location (x.What is Variogram ?  The mathematical definition of the variogram is : Z(x. 8/21/16 6 . y).

Variogram Modeling :  Fit the experimental variogram with the predefined mathematical model : 8/21/16 7 .

Variogram Modeling :  Range :  Is the distance after which the variogram levels off.  The distance of values that affected each other at which the variogram reach the sill and after that there is no change (fixed). 8/21/16 8 .

2.Variogram Modeling :  Nugget :  Is the y-intercept of the variogram. 8/21/16 9 . 3. Sparse data.  It’s the measurement of error caused by : 1. Value. Location.

8/21/16 10 .Variogram Modeling :  Sill :  The maximum variability between pairs of points.

from a given combination of basic structures. 8/21/16 11 .Variogram Modeling :  Automated variogram modeling :  An automatic procedure helps in calculating the optimal sills once the set of basic structures has been specified.  The variogram model is initialized with an intelligent automatic fitting in each direction and for each variable.

8/21/16 12 .   multi-directional experimental variograms if the data is anisotropic.Variogram Modeling :  When dealing with a single variable: an omnidirectional experimental variogram if the phenomenon is isotropic.

8/21/16 13 .  (omni or multi-directional) cross-variograms for any pair of variables.Variogram Modeling :  In the multivariate case:  simple (omni or multi-directional) variograms for each one of the involved variables.

3. Mattern model. Gaussion model. 8/21/16 4. 14 .  Complex models : 1. Spherical model.Variogram Types : Simple : 1. Exponential model. 2. Nested model. 2. Anisotropic model. 3. Zonal model.

Selecting the variogram model type : 8/21/16 15 .

Selecting the variogram model type :  Each variogram type has different slopes which affect the variability of the reservoir. 8/21/16 16 .  The more variable is the exponential model with very heterogeneity sandstone reservoir and the lower variable is Gaussian with homogenous sandstone reservoir.