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LABOUR LAW

Lecture Overview
Labour Legislations
Contract Appointment
Working Hours and Conditions
Leaves and Holidays
Children Employment
Labour Disputes

LABOUR LAW
Mediates the relationship between workers
(employees), employers, trade unions and the
government. Collective labour law relates to the
tripartite relationship between employee, employer
and union. Individual labour law concerns
employees' rights at work and through thecontract
for work.Employment standardsare social norms (in
some cases also technicalstandards) for the
minimum socially acceptable conditions under which
employees or contractors are allowed to work

HISTORY
Labour law arose in parallel with
theIndustrial Revolution as the relationship
between worker and employer changed from
small-scale production studios to large-scale
factories. As England was the first country to
industrialize, it was also the first to face
consequences of capitalistic exploitation in a
totally unregulated economic framework.

INTERNATIONAL LABOUR LAW


The labour movement has long been concerned that
economicglobalizationwould weaken worker bargaining
power, as their employers could hire workers abroad to
avoid domestic labour standards.
Karl Marxsaid:
The extension of the principle of free trade, which induces
between nations such a competition that the interest of the
workman is liable to be lost sight of and sacrificed in the
fierce international race between capitalists, demands that
such organizations [unions] should be still further extended
and made international.

INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANIZATION (ILO)


Following World War 1, ILO Founded on the
Principle of Labour is Not a Commodity For
the reason that Peace can be established
only if it is based upon social justice

WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION (WTO)


Because ILO Enforcement mechanism are
weak, incorporating labour standards in the
WTO operations has been proposed.

WORK IN MULTIPLE COUNTRIES


For example: in aUK labour lawcase,Ravat
v Halliburton Manufacturing and Services Ltd Ravat was from the UK
but was employed in Libya by a German company that was part of
Halliburton. He was dismissed by a supervisor based inEgypt. He was
told he would be hired under UK law terms and conditions, and this was
arranged by a staffing department in Aberdeen. Under the UK
Employment Rights Act 1996he would have a right to claim unfair
dismissal, but the Act left open the question of the statute's territorial
scope. The UK Supreme Court held that the principle would be that an
expatriate worker, would be subject to UK rules if the worker could
show a "close connection" to the UK, which was found in Rabat's case.

LABOUR LAW IN PAKISTAN

The Constitution of Pakistan


Part II:Fundamental Rightsand Principles of Policy.
Article 11of the Constitution prohibits all forms of slavery,
forced labour and child labour;
Article 17provides for a fundamental right to exercise the
freedom of association and the right to form unions;
Article 18proscribes the right of its citizens to enter upon any
lawful profession or occupation and to conduct any lawful trade or
business;
Article 25lays down the right to equality before the law and
prohibition of discrimination on the grounds of sex alone;
Article 37(e)makes provision for securing just and humane
conditions of work, ensuring that children and women are not
employed in vocations unsuited to their age or sex, and for
maternity benefits for women in employment.

LABOUR LEGISILATIONS

CONTRACT OF EMPLOYMENT

TERMINATION OF THE CONTRACT

WORKING HOURS
PAID LEAVE
MATERNITY LEAVE AND MATERNITY
PROTECTION
OTHER LEAVE ENTITLEMENTS
MINIMUM AGE AND PROTECTION OF YOUNG
WORKERS
EQUALITY
PAY ISSUES
WORKERS REPRESENTATION IN ENTERPRISE

TRADE UNION ANF EMPLOYERS ASSOCIATION


REGULATION
FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION
REGISTRATION OF TRADE UNIONS
COLLECTIVE BARGAINING AND AGREEMENTS

COLLECTIVE LABOUR DISPUTES


COMMENCEMENT OF A DISPUTE
CONCILIATION
ARBITRATION

STRIKE AND LOCK-OUTS


PROCEEDINGS OF STRIKES AND LOCKOUTS
ILLEAGLE STRIKES AND LOCK-OUTS
SETTLEMENT OF INDIVIDUAL LABOUR
DISPUTES
LABOUR COURTS

THANK YOU
References:
http://www.labourunity.org/lab