You are on page 1of 29

Objectives:

identify the characteristics and


qualities of a teacher as a
researching professional;
discuss concepts about research and
the different methods applicable in
education; and
conduct simple research activity
following the scientific methods of
research in relation to ones field of
specialization.

The Teacher as a
Researching
Professional

A. Characteristics and
Qualities of a Teacher as a
Researching Professional

Characteristics
Professionals discover ideas and
practices that are counter-intuitive.
Professionals clarify ideas that are
designated to simplify teaching.

Professionals discover new ideas


and practices that are exemplified by
idea that has been extensively
researched on and utilized in schools.
Professionals verify ideas and
practices believed to be effective.

Qualities

R esearch - oriented
E fficient
S cientific
E ffective
A ctive
R esourceful
C riented
H onest
E conomical
R eligious

B. Research Concepts
Research
Is the process of gathering data or
information to solve a particular or
specific problem in scientific
manner. (Halpin)
It is the collection of data in a
rigorously controlled situation for
the purpose of prediction or
explanation. (Quinton)

Characteristics of
Research

Empirical
Logical
Cyclical
Analytical
Critical
Methodical
Replicability

Empirical
Research is based on the
researchers experience or
observation

Logical
Research is founded on principles
and valid procedures.

Cyclical
Research, as a cycle, starts with a
problem and ends with a problem.

Critical
Research demonstrates careful and
precise judgment using a higher level
of confidence.

Analytical
Research utilizes proven analytical
procedures in gathering data,
whether quantitative or qualitative
research.

Methodical
Research is conducted in a manner
without bias using systematic
method and procedures.

Replicability
Research is conducted in a manner
without bias using systematic
method and procedures.

Type of Research
According to Purpose:
According to Goal:
According the Level of
Investigation:
According to choice of answers to
problems:
According to Statistical Content:
According to Time Element:

According to Purpose:
Predictive or Prognostic Research It
determines the future operation of the
variables.
Directive Research It finds out what
should be done based on the findings
to remedy a certain condition.
Illuminative Research It looks into
the interaction of the components of
the variable being investigated.

According to Goal
Basic or Pure Research It refers to
the development of theories and
principles.
Applied Research It refers to the
application of pure research which is
utilized to test the efficacy of
theories and principles.

According to the level of


Investigation
Exploratory Research It is primarily
concerned with discovery and with
generating theory.
Descriptive Research It investigates
prevailing conditions, processes,
cause and effect relationships.
Experimental Research It
determines the effects of the
variables on each other.

According to Choice of Answers


to Problems
Evaluation Research In this
research, all possible courses of
action are identified and considered
to be used as bases in making
decisions.
Developmental Research In this
study, the focus is on finding or
developing more suitable system or
process.

According to Statistical
Content
Quantitative inferential statistics is
utilized to determine the results of
the study.
Qualitative this is where statistic
not practically utilized but
description which involves collecting
data in the natural setting where
these data are analyzed rationally
not statistically.

According to Time
Element
Historical Research it is a systematic and
critical inquiry of the whole truth of past
event.
Descriptive Research it studies the
present condition and seeks to understand
the nature, characteristics, components
and aspects of a phenomenon.
Experimental Research it seek to answer
questions about cause and effect
relationship.

C. Research Process

Problem Identification
Literature Review
Research Design
Data Collection
Data Presentation
Formulation

Problem Identification
- The choice of a research problem
may be based on the researchers
interest.

Literature Review
- The process provides the researcher
the concepts or theoretical
framework of the planned research
which provides the information about
past researches related to the
intended study and lends support to
the researchers assumptions and
procedures.

Research Design
- It is the entire procedure of planning
and carrying out a research study as
well as the description of the sources
of data, the data-gathering
procedure to follow, the instruments
to be used and finally, the dataprocessing techniques.

Data Collection
- It refers to the collection to the
method of gathering relevant data to
provide information such as
interview, questionnaire,
observation, etc.

Data Presentation, Analysis and


Interpretation
- It is the manner of organizing the
collected data, analyzing and
interpreting to give meaning to these
data based on the specific
problems/objectives, and
hypothesis/ses, etc.

Formulation of Implication and


Conclusions
- These are brief statements based on
the findings of the study for the other
researchers to learn from.