You are on page 1of 34

CONCEPTUAL WING DESIGN

INTERNAL GUIDE
PROJECT BY

Mr. S.VENKATRAMANAN

1.

R.MADHAN (31108101024)

Professor, Department of Aeronautical

2.

S.SANKARANARAYANAN

Engineering,

(31108101038)

KCG College of Technology,

R.VIJAY SHANKAR (31108101049)

Chennai

3.

ABSTRACT
Project deals with Conceptual design of existing
civil aircraft wing with slight modifications in their
properties to optimize the results. We are going to
generate the aerofoil using software XFLR and
design the entire wing in CATIA V5 software and
analyze (MODAL ANALYSIS) the wing in ANSYS
software (Determination of Natural Frequency of the
wing). Finally,Justify it with theoretical results.

DESIGN-DEFINITION

PRESENT
SITUATION

NEED FOR
IMPROVEMENT

PREFERRED
SITUATION

STUDY OF
POSSIBILITIES

NEW
DESIGN

CONCEPTUAL DESIGN
CONCEPTUAL
Detailed
Preliminary
Concept

BOEING 787 DREAMLINER WING


AREA

300.82 m2

SWEEPBACK
ANGLE
SPAN

32.20

CHORD (ROOT)

11.868 m

CHORD (TIP)

1.691 m

NUMBER OF
SPARS
NUMBER OF RIBS

60 m

19

MODIFIED
SPAN= 66 m

BOEING-787 DREAMLINER
Reynolds number
= VL/
Where
- Density of fluid (air) (kg/m3)=1.2250
V - Velocity of aircraft (m/s)
= 264
L - Chord length of the aerofoil (m)= 6.779
- Dynamic viscosity (N/m2s) =1.75E-5
Re = 1.23E8

AEROFOIL SELECTION
CL VALUES FOR DIFFERENT NACA 4 SERIES AEROFOIL
CL=1.527

1.8
1.6
1.4
1.2
1

CL

0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0

1410

1412

2408

2410

2411

2412

NACA SERIES

2421

4412

4415

10

4421

AEROFOIL SELECTION CONT


0.01

CD VALUES FOR DIFFERENT NACA 4 SERIES AEROFOIL

0.01

CD=0.0068

CD

0.01

0.01

1410

1412

2408

2410

2411

2412

NACA SERIES

2421

4412

4415

10

4421

AEROFOIL SELECTION CONT


ANGLE OF ATTACK FOR DIFFERENT NACA 4 SERIES AEROFOIL
=140

16
14
12
10

8
6
4
2
0

1410

1412

2408

2410

2411

2412

NACA SERIES

2421

4412

4415

10

4421

AEROFOIL SELECTION CONT


CL (max)/CD (min) RATIO FOR DIFFERENT NACA 4 SERIES AEROFOIL
250
CL (max)/CD (min)=224.55

200

150

CL/CD
100

50

0
1410

1412

2408

2410

2411

2412

2421

NACA SERIES

4412

4415

10

4421

NACA 4412 -AEROFOIL

MAX

140

CL(MAX)

1.527

CD(MIN)

0.0068

CL (max)/CD (min)

224.55

NACA 4412 -AEROFOIL


LIFT CURVE
CL (MAX) =1.527

2
1.5
1

CL

0.5

-10

-5

0
0

-0.5
-1

10

15

20

NACA 4412 -AEROFOIL


DRAG CURVE
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.01
0.01

CD C

D (MIN)=0.0068

0.01
0.01
0.01
0
0

-5

0
0

10

15

MATERIAL PROPERTIES-AL2024
YOUNGS MODULUS
(GPA)

73

POISSONS RATIO

0.33

DENSITY
(Kg/m3)

5770

ORIGINAL MODEL

CATIA MODEL

ANALYSIS -ORIGINAL MODEL

OPTIMIZATION
NATURAL
MODIFYING
FREQUENCY
STIFFNESS
MASS

Where
A=Area of the wing (m2)
E=Youngs modulus of the material (N/m2)
L=Span of the wing (m)

OPTIMIZED MODEL-BY
MODIFYING STIFFNESS

ANALYSIS -OPTIMIZED MODEL


-MODIFYING STIFFNESS

OPTIMIZED MODELMODIFYING MASS

ANALYSIS-OPTIMIZED MODEL
BY MODIFYING MASS

New Design

Analysis-New Design

THEORETICAL CALCULATION
NATURAL FREQUENCY
n = 1/2 (k/m) Hz
Where
k =
=
A =
E =
L =
m =

Stiffness of the wing (N/m)


AE/L
Area of the wing (m2)
Youngs modulus of the material (N/m2)
Span of the wing (m)
Mass at the tip of the wing (kg)

THEORETICAL CALCULATION
For original model
Mass
Stiffness

= 23301.947 Kg
= 7.32E11 N/m

Natural Frequency = 892 Hz

THEORETICAL CALCULATION
For Optimized model 1 (By modifying stiffness)
Mass
Stiffness

= 23301.947 Kg
= 6.65E11 N/m

Natural Frequency = 850.51 Hz

THEORETICAL CALCULATION
For Optimized model 2 (By modifying Mass)
Mass
Stiffness

= 25732.141 Kg
= 7.32E11 N/m

Natural Frequency = 848.86 Hz

THEORETICALCALCULATIONNEW DESIGN
For New Design (By modifying the Mass and
the Stiffness)
Mass
= 25632.141 Kg
Stiffness
= 6.65E11
Natural Frequency = 811 Hz

RESULT NATURAL FREQUENCY


ORIGINAL OPTIMIZED OPTIMIZED
MODEL
MODEL 1
MODEL 2

New
Design

THEORETICAL
(Hz)

892

850.51

850.51

811

SOFTWARE
(Hz)

877.538

836.947

834.28

794.352

RESULT
Span of the wing is increased by 10% and it
will result in the 4% decrease of natural
frequency.
Mass of the wing is increased by 10% and it
will result in the 4% decrease of natural
frequency.

CONCLUSION
Detailed Design of BOEING 787
Dreamliner wing has been done.
Natural Frequency has been
decreased in order to avoid structural
failure.
Structural optimization has been
done by placing a thin plate in
between the spars and increasing the
span of the wing in the planform.

REFERENCE
BASE PAPER
Conceptual design of wing and tail plane-methods, statistics and tool setup
by Steven coene
OTHER PAPERS
Coupled Aerodynamic/Structural Optimization of a Subsonic Transport
Wing Using a Surrogate Model, Northwestern Polytechnic University.
Comparison of Theoretical Structural Models with Experiment for a HighAspect-Ratio Aero elastic Wing, Duke University, Durham, North
Carolina.
Simple Quantitative Method to Compare Aircraft Wing Mode Shapes,
Charles M. Denegri Jr., Eglin Air Force Base, Florida.
Civil-Transport Wing Design Concept Exploiting New Technologies,
Prasetyo Edi, University Putra Malaysia, Selangor.

THANK YOU