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NTID Wireless Presentation

Steve Fleischmann, Evan
McNamara, Artem Sivak, Mason

GOAL: Design and construct a "proof-of-concept" solution which made
delivering PowerPoint presentations easier and more effective for users of ASL.
Majority of our resources were devoted to prototyping and demonstrating our wrist-based "proofof-concept" solution.
In parallel, both the electrical and mechanical designs were analyzed with respect to

Wrist-based wireless PowerPoint control device is not currently
available from any retailer in the industry.
Design was based on making the device comfortable, functional, and
aesthetically acceptable
Initial set of users for our device consists of mainly students, professors,
and interpreters within RIT NTID who utilize ASL.
End users and customer needs drove formation of engineering specs


Design Process
Concept Selection:
-10 concepts were generated using multiple brainstorming
-King of the Hill conversation
-Generalized brainstorming
-Morphological charts

-Ten concepts were generated

Design Process: Concept Generation

Initial Selection Table
Narrowed 10 concepts to 5 Using Pugh Chart
Concepts -> HOQ, graded vs. weighted specs
Narrowed to 3 concepts
Analyzed against risks
Current Concept

Design Process: Prototype

Important to note:

-Any change in overall device size was at a premium

-Height was the most important dimension
-Tactile feel of buttons was a must.
Modeling started by hand, then progressed to Solid Works
As proof of concept, an existing product
was modified.
-Laser pointer removed
-PCB trimmed
-Antenna re-routed
-On-board buttons removed

Primarily done as a work-around for software issues.

All pieces were machined/modified/ aligned as necessary.
Prototype was assembled!

A combination of direct testing and user feedback was used to
gauge the devices performance.
Equipment used:
- Windows PC with Microsoft PowerPoint 2003 or later found on a laptop provided by the
- Digital Scale obtained from the Aero Club
- PC-Connected Projector obtained from Mark Smith
- Projector Screen found in Erdle Commons in Building 09
- Calipers provided by Mason
- Digital Multimeter found on the 3rd floor in one of the Electrical Engineering Labs
- Stopwatch Program on Mason's iPhone
- 3DSSPP Software found in the ISE Computer Labs

1. Device will be under 0.5 pound(s). The complete device (including the band) will be weighted on a digital scale with .01 accuracy. The device
must weigh less than 0.5 lb.
2. Device will allow full range of natural motion, including excessive hand motion and roaming the presentation area. (No wires or restrictive
components) Based on user feedback.
3. Maximum Size will be less than 24 cubic inches. The casing from the device will be measured by calipers in length, width, and height. The
volume of the device has be less than 24 cubic inches. (excluding the band)
4. Device can sustain multiple drops from waist height (~3ft) onto carpeted surface. There will be 3 steps to passing this criteria. First the device will
be tested on a computer to show that it is working. Second the device will be dropped 10 times from 3ft on the carpeted floor in Erdle
Commons. The device will be released from the hand to replicate accidental drop. Third, the device must work after the 10 drops and will be
verified by testing it on a computer.
5. Device will allow ASL to be utilized without major interference. Based on user feedback.
6. Device will not progress to next slide, or return to previous slide, without intentional activation. Based on user feedback.
7. Device will work within a range of minimum of 40 feet from PC without problem. A computer will be place 30ft away from the device. The
device must be able to flawlessly scroll a 20 slide presentation to the end and then back.
8. Device will be implemented for minimum cost. The cost of the project will be less then the allowed budget of $750.
9. Battery life will exceed 4 hours of continual usage. Put in a new battery. Set up a laptop. Press the up button and leave it on for four hours. The
remote must work after four hours. Pass/Fail
10. Latency between button push and slide change will be less than 0.75s Create a powerpoint with 100 numbered slides. Starting at slide #1, the
tester will press the next slide" button as rapidly as possible. After 60 seconds, the user must reach at least slide #80. By surpassing slide #80
in 60 seconds, the tester will have achieved an average slide change time of .75 seconds or less.
11. Device successfully advances to next and previous slides. The wristband will be used to flip 20 slides to the end and then back at 10 ft away
without any trouble. This test will be covered by test 7.
12. The device will be safe to use for as wide of the population as possible. A model will be created in the 3DSSPP software to show that the device
does not pose any dangers to joints and muscles.

Customer Feedback
How does the the device case look
How does the band look
How does the overall device look
Rate how distracting the device was during ASL
How comfortable does the device case feel on
your wrist
How comfortable is the wristband
How would rate the over all comfort
How comfortable are the buttons
How easy was it to strap the device to your
How well does the device fit on your wrist
How well did the device change power point
How would rate the button pressing
How easy was it to use the device
Overall, how would you rate this device
Up to what amount would you be willing to pay
for this

Survey Average (0=Worst,


Recurring Comments
Device is too large
Get me a laser pointer


Make the band thinner

and more comfortable
Make the buttons
smaller (or touch
Make the device less
visually distracting.

High Level Results
Device Range greater than 30ft!
Successfully moves the slides
back and forth without false
Easy and intuitive to use!
Battery life exceeds 4 hours!
Only 0.126lb! Very Light!

Because the device only weighs 0.126lb, its biomechanically safe to use
for an extremely wide range of users.
Tested: A 5th percentile female test subject was chosen to represent the
lowest possible capability. She passed with an average of 99%
capability, showing that the device is biomechanically safe to use for
everyone else.

Lessons Learned, Suggestions for Future

Mass Production
Rapid Prototype mold for <1000 units, minimize
component number/cost

One cover design, Concurrent electrical design,
Design with injection molding in mind

Antenna, circuit design suggestions, added features,
concurrent design with housing

Future Work
Mechanical Improvements

Injection molding allows for more intricate,

smaller housing
Design the custom board footprint to be easily
Package the board such that all components
can be surface mounted

Electrical Improvements

Utilize a embedded RF antenna

Custom transmitter / receiver chips could
drastically increase range

Where should they start?!?

The first major challenge in mass producing this part would
be creating and/or legally purchasing a USB dongle and
software to interface with the computer