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Physics (SCIENVP): Forms of Energy

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Lecture 2

Kinetic and

Potential

Kinetic Energy - associated

with the MOTION of an object

Potential Energy associated

with the POSITION of an

object

Translational Kinetic

Energy2

K = mv

2

m = mass (kg)

velocity (m/s)

v=

K = [kg] [m/s]2 = kg m2

kg m

s2

s2

K = kg m m = N m = Joules

s2

Note: Newton =

Translational Kinetic

Energy calculations

Determine the kinetic energy of a 625-kg roller

coaster car that is moving with a speed of 18.3

m/s.

If the roller coaster car in the above problem

were moving with twice the speed, then what

would be its new kinetic energy?

Answers

K = 0.5*m*v2

K = (0.5) * (625 kg) * (18.3

m/s)2

K = 1.05 x105 Joules

If the speed is doubled, then the KE is

quadrupled. Thus,

K = 4 * (1.04653 x 105 J) = 4.19 x 105 Joules.

or

K = 0.5*m*v2

K = 0.5*625 kg*(36.6 m/s)2

K = 4.19 x 105 Joules

Gravitational Potential

Energy

U = mgh

m = mass (kg)

g = 9.8 m/s2

h = height (m)

U = [kg] [m][m/s2] =

Note: Newton = kg m

s2

U = kg m m = N m = Joules

s2

Gravitational Potential

Energy Calculations

A cart is loaded with a brick

and pulled at constant

speed along an inclined

plane to the height of a

seat-top. If the mass of the

loaded cart is 3.0 kg and the

height of the seat top is

0.45 meters, then what is

the potential energy of the

loaded cart at the height of

the seat-top?

Imgae from:http://www.physicsclassroom.com/class/energy/Lesson-1/PotentialEnergy

Answer

U = m*g*h

U = (3 kg ) * (9.8 m/s/s) * (0.45 m)

U = 13.2 J

Gravitational

Potential Energy

Calculations

Knowing that the potential energy at the top of the

tall platform is 50 J, what is the potential energy at

the other positions shown on the stair steps and

the incline?

Answer

height of the top stair)

B: 30 J (since the same mass is elevated to 3/5-ths

height of the top stair)

C: 20 J (since the same mass is elevated to 2/5-ths

height of the top stair)

D: 10 J (since the same mass is elevated to 1/5-ths

height of the top stair)

E and F: 0 J (since the same mass is at the same

zero height position as shown for the bottom

stair).

Mechanical

Energy

E = K + U

Mechanical energy is the energy that is

possessed by an object due to its motion

or due to its position

Conservation of Mechanical

Energy

E1 = E2

K1 + U1 = K2 + U2

Other Forms of

Energy

Group Activity

Group Project

Topics

Choose any topic related to Energy, Environment and

Climate.

Sample Topics:

Sources of Energy: Nuclear Power, Wind, Hydroelectric, Solar,

Fossil Fuels (Benefits and Environmental Impacts)

Energy Saving Strategies (new and existing technologies)

Greenhouse gases (How to reduce emissions)

Climate Change

Extreme Weather

Air, Water Quality and Pollution

Discuss with group and submit in a half sheet of paper your

suggested topic, name of group members

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