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What is Human Resource

Planning ?
It is the process by which organization
ensures that it has the
right number and right kind of
at the right place
at the right time
capable of completing task
HRP is also called manpower
planning, personnel planning or
employment planning.

Objectives of Human
Resource Planning

Forecasting Human Resource

Requirements: HRP is essential to
determine the future human resource
need in an organization. In absence of
such plan, it would be difficult to have the
services of the right kind of people at the
right time.
Analyse Current Workforce: HRP helps
in analyzing the competency of present
workforce. It determines the current
workforce strengths and abilities.

Effective Management of Change:

Proper HR planning is required to cope
with changes in market condition,
technology products, and government
regulations in an effective way. These
changes call for continuous allocation
or reallocation of skills and in the
absence of planning there might be
underutilization of human resource.
Realising Organisational Goals: HRP
helps in effectively meeting the needs
of expansion, diversification and other
growth strategies of an organization.

Provide Information: The information gathered

through HRP is used for identifying surplus and
unutilised human resources. It also provides a
comprehensive skill inventory, which facilitates
decision-making, for example, in promotion.
Effective Utilisation of Human Resource:
Planning for human resources is the prime
responsibility of management to ensure effective
utilisation of present and future manpower.
Manpower planning is complementary to
organisation planning.
Determine Manpower Gap: Human resource
planning identifies the gaps in existing manpower
so that suitable training programmes may be
developed for building specific skills, required in

Importance of
Manpower Planning
Key to managerial functions-The four
managerial functions, i.e., planning, organizing,
directing and controlling are based upon the
manpower. Human resources help in the
implementation of all these managerial activities.
Therefore, staffing becomes a key to all managerial
Efficient utilization-Efficient management of
personnel becomes an important function in the
industrialization world of today. Setting of large
scale enterprises require management of large
scale manpower. It can be effectively done through
staffing function.

Motivation-Staffing function not only

includes putting right men on right job, but it
also comprises of motivational programmes,
i.e., incentive plans to be framed for further
participation and employment of employees
in a concern. Therefore, all types of incentive
plans becomes an integral part of staffing
Better human relations-A concern can
stabilize itself if human relations develop and
are strong. Human relations become strong
through effective control, clear
communication, effective supervision and
leadership in a concern. Staffing function also
looks after training and development of the
work force which leads to co-operation and

Higher productivity-Productivity
level increases when resources are
utilized in best possible manner. Higher
productivity is a result of minimum
wastage of time, money, efforts and
energies. This is possible through the
staffing and it's related activities
( Performance appraisal, training and
development, remuneration).