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mathematicians and

their contribution to

the field of

mathematics

Mathematics in

India

• India had a glorious past in every walks of

•

•

•

•

knowledge.

However, the Indian contribution to the

field of mathematics are not so well

known.

Mathematics took its birth in India before

200 BC,ie the Shulba period.

The sulba sutras were developed during

Indus valley civilization.

There were seven famous Sulbakars

(mathematicians of indus valley

.

• The Pythagoras Theorem in Sulbha sutra.Cha yatprthagbhuta Kurutastadubhayan karoti”. tiryadam mani. The Sutra Says: • “dirghasyaksanaya rajjuh parsvamani. • A Rope stretched along the length of the diagonal (hypotenuse) produces an area which the vertical and .

Indian f o s n a i c i t a m e h t a m e g a l a i v i m ed .

. and Bhaskara II give broader and clearer shape to many branches of mathematics.1500} • This period is often known as the golden age of Indian Mathematics. Varahamihira. the Middle East. and eventually to Europe. and were followed by prose commentaries. • • As explained earlier. Their contributions would spread to Asia. Bhaskara I. the main texts were composed in Sanskrit verse. Mahavira. Brahmagupta. This period saw mathematicians such as Aryabhata.

.

Many honours have been placed on him and also he is the birthplace of many mathematical theorems functions etc. . • He was born in 476 AD with many controversy over his birth place.aryabhatta • The most celebrated mathematician during the classic period.Kerala some atribute it to Taregna.some say he was born in Kodungallor.Bihar. • He is known for his famous treatise Aryabhatiya written in 499 AD when he was 23 • Credits confered to him include value of pi.

.

and may have come to the conclusion that is irrational.Aryabhatta and PI • Aryabhata worked on the approximation for pi . • caturadhikam satamastagunam dvasastistathasahasranam ayutadvayaviskambhasyasanno vrttaparinahah. multiply by eight.000. By this rule the circumference of a circle with a diameter of 20. and then add 62. "Add four to 100." [15] • This implies that the ratio of the .000 can be approached.

the indeterminate equation was always discussed in Aryabhatiya . • Aryabhata discussed the concept of sine in his work by the name of ardha-jya. which literally means "half-chord”. • His method of soving was as follows:- . INDETERMINATE EQUATION AND ALGEBRA • Aryabhata gives the area of a triangle as tribhujasya phalashariram samadalakoti bhujardhasamvargahthat translates to: "for a triangle. the reult of a perpendicular with the half-side is the area”. • Today known as diophantine equation.TRIGONOMETRY.

.

named Aryabhatiyabhasya.wings etc. • He was an exponent of Aryabhatta. • He gave importance to sine function in Aryabhatiyabhasya. 5 was for the senses of humans.1 was for moon .bhaskarA 1 • He was born at Bori. 2 was for eyes. in Parbhani district of Maharashtra state in India in 7th century. • He was the first to write Hindu-Arabic numerals and with zero with a circle. • . • He represented number using nonliving and living thing For eg:.

.

varahamihira • He was an astrologer manly but was also a mathematician. • He was born in 6th centuary in Ujjain and considered to be one of the nine jems of Vikramaditya II • The trigonometric formulas • His famous work is Panchasidanthika .

.

• He gave basic idea to the d-quadratic method of solving. • The statement a negative integer multiplied by a negative integer give a positive integer and many other fundamental operation first appeared in his treatise Bhramasphutasiddhanta. But how he came to the conclusion was unknown. • The following identity was attributed to him 2 2 . negative numbers.brahmagupta • Bramagupta belonged to the city of ujjain . • Regarded as the man who used zero as a number.

Brahmagupta and cyclic quadilateral • He is famous for the theorem which he gave for a cyclic quadilateral. Today this is known as Brahmaputra’s formula. • The area of a quadilateral scribed in a circle is the square root from the product of the halves of the sums of the sides diminished by [each] .

.

mahavira • He was a jain Mathematician • His celebrated work was Ganithasarangraha. • He showed ability in quadratic equations. . indeterminate equations.

A Y R go A H vin C A d R S a A R s m I w I K D i T n S a H A A P A AR I H R R A a S YA n e B s H a M d A A n T D a T l l H k A s AV la I I A a .

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