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o GROUP - 5

TASK 5:-

PRESENTER :- SARABPREET
SINGH
DATA COLLECTOR :- JASPREET
SPAL
DATA EDITOR :HARSIMRANPAL SINGH
POWER POINT EDITOR :ABHISHEK CHIB

STRESS
COROSSION
CAUSES

MATERIAL
PROPERTIES

WHERE IT
CAUSES
PREVENTION
ANODISING
ANODISING
PROCESS
VIDEO

STRESS CORROSION (SC)

It is the growth of crack formation in a


corrosive environment. It can lead to
unexpected sudden failure of normally
ductile metals subjected to a tensile stress,
especially at elevated temperature.
It is highly chemically specific in that
certain alloys are likely to undergo SCC
only when exposed to a small number of
chemical environments.
The stresses can be the result of the crevice
loads due to stress concentration, or can be
caused by the type of assembly or residual
stresses from fabrication (e.g. cold working);
REFRENCE:the residual stresses can be relieved by
http://corrosionannealing or other surface treatments.
doctors.org/FormsSCC/scc.htm

WHAT CAUSES STRESS


CORROSION?

This process involves accelerated


corrosion along a path of higher than
normal corrosion susceptibility, with the
bulk of the material typically being
passive.
The most common active path is the grain
boundary, where segregation of impurity
elements can make it marginally more
difficult for passivation to occur.
For example, when an austenitic stainless
steel has been sensitised by precipitation of
chromium carbide along the grain
boundary, the local chromium
concentration at the grain boundary will be
reduced, and this region will be slightly
less easily passivated.

REFRENCE:-

http://www.npl.co.uk/upload/p
df/stress.pdf

WHERE STRESS
COROSSION OCCURS?

Typical SCC failures are seen in


pressure vessels, pipework, highly
stressed components and in systems
when an excursion from normal
operating conditions or the environment
occurs.
A classic example of SCC is season
cracking of brass cartridge cases, a
problem experienced by the British
army in India in the early 19th century.
There was substantial residual stress in
the cartridge shells as a result of cold
forming. The problem was solved by
annealing the shells to ameliorate the
stress.

REFRENCE:https:// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/

Stress_corrosion_cracking#
Crack_growth

PREVENTIONS OF STRESS
COROSSION:

The most effective means of preventing


stress corrosion are:Properly with the right materials.
Reduce stresses.
Remove critical environmental species
such as hydroxides, chlorides, and
oxygen.
Avoid stagnant areas and crevices in
heat exchangers where chloride and
hydroxide might become concentrated.
Low alloy steels are less susceptible
than high alloy steels, but they are
subject to SCC in water containing
chloride ions.

REFRENCE
:-http://www.asminternational.org/d
ocuments/10192/1849770/06355G_S
ample.pdf/daf91547-a566-4f7783a0-1fca83b87157

WHAT IS
ANODISING?

Aluminium metal naturally


protects itself by immediately
forming a protective layer
whenever the surface is damaged.
Anodising is a process that can
provide much thicker protective
layers than those that occur
naturally. Anodising is about as
hard as ruby or sapphire, making it
a strongly abrasion and corrosion
resistant surface.
Anodising is suitable for both
commercial and domestic joinery.

REFRENCE
:-https://en.wikipedia.org/wi
ki/Anodizing

THE ANODISING PROCESS:-

The anodising process involves passing a


controlled electrical current through
extruded aluminium profiles immersed in
an acidic (sulphuric) solution which then
forms a protective film of aluminium oxide
on the surface of the aluminium.
Anodising essentially is an induced
thickening of the natural protective oxide
film on the metals surface.
It is proven as a very durable finish, of
which the lifetime is dependent on the
density, thickness and seal quality of the
anodic film.
These durable anodic films, whether
coloured or not, are necessary in exposed
environments and exhibit longevity,
particularly suitable for New Zealands
high ultraviolet and coastal environments.

These carabiners have an


anodized aluminium surface
that has been dyed; they are
made in many colors.

REFRENCE:http://inexmetals.y9.co.nz/s
ervices?
gclid=CMLHx9n3y8wCFQ0J
vAodB78IkA

VIDEO BASED
ON
ANODISING
PROCESS
https://www.youtube.co

m/watch?v=2-lfHN23Iv4

THANKS!