Textile Finishing Introduction | Textiles | Clothing Industry

Textile Finishing -Introduction

R.Senthil Kumar, Senior Lecturer, KCT,Coimbatore-06. sen29iit@yahoo.co.in


Textile finishing is a term commonly applied to different processes that the textile materials undergo after pretreatments, dyeing or printing for final embellishments to enhance their attractiveness and sale appeals well as for comfort and usefulness.

The word "finish" means all the different treatments applied to a fabric to change such things as its  Appearance,  Feel or hand,  Wear ability or care requirements.

Wearability, hand, mechanical resistance, easy care, wettability, washability, deformability, anti bacterial, anti fungal, soil-proof and fire-proof ability.
The above mentioned results are achieved by applying respective functional finish. As far as Aesthetic looks of the fabric/garment is concerned the Aesthetic finishes deal with them.

Classification of Finishes

Textile Finishes are classified in several ways:
According to function

Aesthetic Finishes

Functional Finishes

According to the quality



Semi Permanent

According to type of machinery

Chemical Finishes

Mechanical Finishes

Aesthetic Finishes
Aesthetic Finishes modify the appearance and /or hand or drape of the fabrics.

    

Fulling Mercerization Napping And Sueding Plisse Shearing Softening Stiffening

Functional Finishes
Functional Finishes improve the performance properties of the fabric ; like durability, strength etc.

      

Antimicrobial/Antiseptic Antistatic Crease resistant Durable Press Flame Resistant Mothproof Shrinkage Control Soil Release Water Proof/Repellant

Temporary Finishes
A finish which is not stable and goes off after the first wash is known as temporary finish and these finishes disappears during subsequent washing and usage.

  

Calendering Embossing Starching Softening

Permanent Finishes
If the finishing effect in the fabric does not disappear and remains unaffected through all the conditions of wear and washing treatments, then the finish is said to be permanent finish.
  

Sanforising Resin Finish Water Proof Flame Proof

Semi permanent Finishes
A Finishing on the fabric is said to be semi permanent finish if it is stable to more than 5 to 10 washes and not afterwards.

Schreiner Calendering Buckram Finish

Chemical Finishes
Chemical finishes are usually applied to fabric by padding followed by curing and drying. These are also called as wet Finishes.

  

Stiff and transparent Flame Retardant Soil Release Water Proof Crease Resistance Softening

Mechanical finishes
Mechanical Finishes usually involved specific physical treatment to a fabric surface to cause a change in fabric appearance. This is also known as dry finish.

  

Calendering Raising Sanforising Milling

Thank You

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful