You are on page 1of 14

Textile Finishing

-Introduction
R.Senthil Kumar,
Senior Lecturer,
KCT,Coimbatore-06.
sen29iit@yahoo.co.in
Finishing
 Textile finishing is a term commonly applied to different
processes that the textile materials undergo after pretreatments,
dyeing or printing for final embellishments to enhance their
attractiveness and sale appeals well as for comfort and usefulness.

The word "finish" means all the different treatments applied to a


fabric to change such things as its
 Appearance,
 Feel or hand,
 Wear ability or care requirements.
 Wearability, hand, mechanical resistance, easy care,
wettability, washability, deformability, anti bacterial, anti
fungal, soil-proof and fire-proof ability.

 The above mentioned results are achieved by applying


respective functional finish.

 As far as Aesthetic looks of the fabric/garment is concerned


the Aesthetic finishes deal with them.
Classification of Finishes
Textile Finishes are classified in several ways:

According to function

Aestheti Function
c al
Finishes Finishes
According to the quality

Temporar Permanen
y t

Semi
Permanen
t
According to type of machinery

Chemica Mechanic
l al
Finishes Finishes
Aesthetic Finishes
Aesthetic Finishes modify the appearance and /or hand
or drape of the fabrics.

 Fulling
 Mercerization
 Napping And Sueding
 Plisse
 Shearing
 Softening
 Stiffening
Functional Finishes
Functional Finishes improve the performance properties of the fabric ; like
durability, strength etc.

 Antimicrobial/Antiseptic
 Antistatic
 Crease resistant
 Durable Press
 Flame Resistant
 Mothproof
 Shrinkage Control
 Soil Release
 Water Proof/Repellant
Temporary Finishes
A finish which is not stable and goes off after the first
wash is known as temporary finish and these finishes
disappears during subsequent washing and usage.

 Calendering
 Embossing
 Starching
 Softening
Permanent Finishes
If the finishing effect in the fabric does not disappear and
remains unaffected through all the conditions of wear and
washing treatments, then the finish is said to be permanent
finish.

 Sanforising
 Resin Finish
 Water Proof
 Flame Proof
Semi permanent Finishes
A Finishing on the fabric is said to be semi permanent
finish if it is stable to more than 5 to 10 washes and not
afterwards.

 Schreiner Calendering
 Buckram Finish
Chemical Finishes
Chemical finishes are usually applied to fabric by padding
followed by curing and drying. These are also called as
wet Finishes.

 Stiff and transparent


 Flame Retardant
 Soil Release
 Water Proof
 Crease Resistance
 Softening
Mechanical finishes
Mechanical Finishes usually involved specific physical
treatment to a fabric surface to cause a change in fabric
appearance. This is also known as dry finish.

 Calendering
 Raising
 Sanforising
 Milling
 Thank You