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3 PARALLEL RANGES (LATITUDAL DIVISION)

ALSO
KNOWN AVERA
AS
GE HT.
SPECIALITY
made of

widt
h

great/
inner
prominent himalayan
HIMADRI himalayas 6000m
peaks, snow bound
granite
HIMACHA lesser
3700- famous valley, ranges,hill compressed/alte 50
L
himalayas 4500m
stations
red rocks
km
SHIWALI
unconsolidated 10-50
900sediments
KS
outer most 1100m
km
thick gravel and
alluvium

PURVANCHAL

BEYOND
dihang
gorge

MADE OF
strong
sandstone

FEATURE
dense
forests

LONGITUDAL DIVISION(WEST TO
EAST)acc. To river valley
FROM
TO
PUNJAB HIMALAYAS
INDUS
SATLUJ
KUMAON
SATLUJ
KAALI
TEEST
NEPAL
KAALI
A
DIHAN
ASSAM
TEESTA
G

NORTHERN PLAINS
FORMED
BY
FEATURE
LOCATION
indus+
PUNJAB
tributerie dominated
PLAINS
s
by doabs most of it in pakistan
GANGA
ghaggar
delhi,up,bihar,jharkhan
PLAINS
teesta
d,west bengal
BRAHMAPUT brahmap
RA PLAINS
utra
assam

NORTHERN PLAINS ACCORDING TO RELIEF FEATURES


WIDTH
8-16
BHABAR KM
TERAI
BHANGA
R
KHADAR

LOCATION
parallel to
shiwaliks

FEATURE
river deposit pebbles here, streams
disappear
largest stream appear in this region,
south of bhabar
forested
above flood
largest part of northern plains, oldest
plains
alluvium
young alluvium, fertile soil, renewed
annually

PENINSULAR PLATEAU
CENTRAL
HIGHLANDS
DECCAN PLATEAU
LOCATIO
N

north to narmada
south of narmada
wide in west, narrow
SHAPE
in east
triangular
chambal, sindh,
RIVER
betwa, ken
EXTENTI
bundelkhand
northeast-meghalaya, karbiON
eastern ghat
anglong pl.
HILL
RANGES
garo, khasi, jainta
higher in west, slopes in
HEIGHT
east

WESTERN & EASTERN GHATS


WESTERN
GHATS
EASTERN GHATS
boundary of
peninsular
western
plateau
boundary
eastern ghats
height
900-1600,m
600-900m
less, as mt. wind flow
rainfall
more
parallel
highest peak
Ana mudi
mahendri giri
regular
directed, irregular,
stretch of
major river flow
highland
through

WESTERN & EASTERN COASTAL PLAINS


WESTERN
COASTAL
EASTERN COASTAL
PLAINS
PLAINS
towards
towards eastern
LIES
western ghats
ghats
WIDTH
narrow
comparatively wider
less fertile, no
river in
fertile, deposit
FERTILITY
sedimentation
sediments
RAINFALL
more
less
konkan,
kannad,
northern cinar,
COAST
malabar
coromondal

LAKSHWADWEEP, ANDAMAN & NICOBAR ISLANDS


ANDAMAN &
LAKSHWADWEEP
NICOBAR ISLAND
LOCATION
GEOGRAPHIC
FACT
ADMINISTRATI
VE UNIT
FEATURE
CATEGORY
EARLIER
KNOWN AS

BAY OF BENGAL
VOLCANIC IN ORIGIN

ARABIAN SEA
FORMED OF
CORAL DEPOSIT

PORT BLAIR
PITTI ISLAND GOT A
BIRD SANTUARY

KAVARRATI ISLAND
GREAT DIVERSITY
FLORA & FAUNA

ANDAMAN(NORTH) NICOBAR(SOUTH)
LACCADIVE,
MINICOY,
AMINDIVE

RIVER PATTERN
RECTANGUL
TRELLIS
AR

DENTRITIC
tributaries
resemble
when river join rectangular
tree
tributaries at 90
pattern
hard/ soft rock
parallal
hard rocks

RADIAL
different
direction from
central peal

RIVER SYSTEM
SOURCE
mansarovar
INDUS
lake, tibet
bhag.gangotri,
alakGANGA
devprayag
east of
BRAHMAPUT mansarovar,
RA
tibet

MOUTH
form delta to east
karachi, arabian sea
meet brahma, form
largest delta
meet ganga, form
largest delta

LENGT
H
2900
km

TRIBUTARIES
zaskan, nubra,
hungza, shyok

over
2500
ghagra, gandak,
km
yamuna, son, kosi
over
2900 dihand, dibang, lohit
km

form estuary, entering


short streams, join
NARMADA amarkantak
bay of bengal
at 90.
satpura
range, betul, form estuary, entering <narm
TAPI
mp
arabian sea
ada
highland,
form delta when
about
MAHANADI chattisgarh entering bay of bengal 860 km
western ghat,
form delta when
1500
penganga,
GODAVARI slope, nasik entering bay of bengal km
wainganga, wardha
mahabaleshw
form delta when
1400 tungabhadra, bhima,
KRISHNA
ar
entering bay of bengal km
musi, koyana