117 views

Uploaded by Ian Guieb

AC circuit Series Resonance with sample problems

- MP EM Ass 23: AC Circuits, Power, and Resonance
- RLC Circuit
- Section 15.4 Series and Parallel Circuits
- How to Build a Spark Gap Tesla Coil (SGTC)
- UT Dallas Syllabus for ee3301.021.06u taught by Tanay Bhatt (tmb018000)
- LECTURE2_ENT281_Chapter 1(part2).pptx
- Ch 7 Series - Parallel Circuits
- ABB High Voltage Testing Techqunies
- Basic Electronics
- ch26.pdf
- LaPlace Transforms
- Alternating Current
- Chapter 2 - Inductors, Capacitors and Alternating Current Circuits
- filter design
- Parallel Resonant Circuit
- Man Gulab Nan
- 160m Common Mode Choke
- IT0334 Circuits
- The New Professor Coyle-METRIC
- ece_mcq

You are on page 1of 19

Resonance in AC Circuits

School of EECE

Electrical Resonance

1. Resonance it is a condition existing in an R-L-C

circuit wherein the applied voltage is in phase with the

resulting current.

2. Resonance Curve it is the curve between circuit

current and the frequency of the applied voltage at

resonance.

3. Selectivity it is the ability of a resonant circuit to

separate a desired signal frequency from other signal

frequencies.

4. Half-Power Bandwidth of a Circuit (BW) it is

given by the band of frequencies which lies between

the points or either side of fR where current falls to

IR/2. It is also known as the -3 dB bandwidth.

Resonance Curve

At the half-power points A and B

I = IR/2 where IR = V/R

Impedance, Z = R2

Circuit phase angle, = 45

Quality Factor, Q = 1

P1 = P2 = PR/2 where PR = IR2R

Where:

IR

= current at resonant condition

PR = power at resonant condition

P1, P2 = power at half-power points

Q-factor or Quality Factor of a Coil (Q) it is the

reciprocal of power factor. It is also called as figure of

merit.

Series Resonance

Series Resonance or Voltage Resonance

Resonance in a series resonant circuit occurs when the inductive and capacitive

reactances are equal at the frequency of the applied voltage.

AA series

series resonant

resonant circuit

circuit since

since produces

produces

maximum

maximum current

current in

in the

the circuit,

circuit, itit is

is called

called an

an

acceptor

acceptor circuit.

circuit.

The frequency of a series RLC circuit at resonant condition is given as:.

Where:

fR

= resonant frequency in Hertz

L

= inductance in Henry

Q-Factor it is a measure of the degree of sharpness of

the resonance curve which represents the degree of

selectivity of the circuit.

Where:

f1, f2 = frequencies at half power points

f1

= lower half-power

frequency

f2

= upper half-power

frequency

Series Resonance by Varying L

Series resonance of a series resonant circuit may be attained by varying its

inductance

Where:

L = value of inductance for maximum VL

Series resonance of a series resonant circuit may be attained by varying its

capacitance

Where:

C = value of capacitance for maximum VC

Resonant and

Off-Resonant Condition

Relationship between the Resonant Current and Off-Resonant Current

The relationship between resonant current (current at the resonant frequency)

and off-resonant current (current at any given frequency) can be derived as

Where:

IR = resonant current

I

= off-resonant current

The relationship between resonant power (power at the resonant frequency)

and off-resonant power (power at any given frequency) can be derived as:

Where:

PR = resonant power

P = off-resonant power

Sample Problems

1. A series R-L-C circuit consists of R = 1000 , L =

100 mH and C = 10 picofarads. The applied

voltage across the circuit is 100 V.

a. Find the resonant frequency of the circuit

b. Find the quality factor of the circuit at resonant

frequency

c. At what angular frequencies do the half-power

points

occur?

d. Calculate the bandwidth of the circuit.

2. For a series R-L-C circuit the inductor is variable.

Source voltage is 2002 sin t V. Maximum current

obtainable by varying the inductance is 0.314 A

and the voltage across the capacitor then is 300 V.

Find the circuit element values.

Sample Problems

3. An R-L-C series resonant circuit has the following

parameters: Resonant frequency = 5000/2 Hz; impedance

at resonance = 56 and Q-factor = 25.

Calculate the

capacitance of the capacitor and inductance of the inductor.

Assuming that these values are independent of the

frequency, find the two frequencies at which the circuit

impedance has a phase angle of /4 radian.

4. A series R-L-C circuit is excited from a constant-voltage

variable frequency source. The current in the circuit

becomes a maximum at a frequency of 600/2 Hz and falls

to one-half the maximum value at 400/2 Hz. If the

resistance in the circuit is 3 , find L and C.

Sample Problems

5. A coil of inductance 9 H and resistance 50 in series

with a capacitor is supplied at constant voltage from a

variable frequency source. If the maximum current of

1A

occurs at 75 Hz, find the frequency when the current is 0.5 A.

6. An R-L-C series circuit is connected to a 20-V

variable

frequency supply. If R = 20 , L= 20 mH and C = 0.5 F, find

the following when the power drops to 4 W on either side of

the maximum power at resonance.

Calculate (a) circuit Q

(b) circuit phase angle (c) 4-W bandwidth B (d) lower

frequency f1 and upper frequency f2

7. A series R-L-C circuit consists of R = 15 , L = 0.15

H and a variable capacitor is connected across a 120

V, 60 Hz. Calculate the values of capacitance, current

and voltage of capacitor at (a) resonance condition

and (b) at maximum VC.

Sample Problems

8. An inductor having a resistance of 25 and a Q of 10 at

resonant frequency of 10 kHz is fed from a 100 V supply.

Calculate: (a) value of series capacitance required to produce

resonance with the coil (b) inductance of the coil

(c) voltage

across the capacitor (d) voltage across the coil.

9. A constant e.m.f. source of

variable frequency is connected to

a series R-L-C circuit of the figure

given. Calculate the following: (a)

frequency at which

maximum

power is consumed in

the 2

resistor (b) Q-factor of

the circuit

at the above

frequency (c)

frequencies at

which the power

consumed in 2

resistor is onetenth of its maximum value.

Parallel Resonance

Parallel Resonance or Anti-Resonance

Resonance in a parallel resonant circuit occurs when the inductive and

capacitive susceptances are equal at the frequency of the applied voltage.

AA parallel

parallel resonant

resonant circuit

circuit since

since produces

produces minimum

minimum current

current in

in

the

the circuit

circuit hence

hence itit is

is called

called aa rejector

rejector circuit.

circuit.

Parallel Resonance

Frequency of a Parallel Resonant Circuit

The frequency of a parallel RLC circuit at resonant

condition is given as:.

Parallel Resonant Circuits

Quantity

Impedance at

Resonance

Current at Resonance

Effective Impedance

Power Factor at

Resonance

Series Circuit

Parallel Circuit

minimum

maximum

Maximum = V/R

Minimum = V/(L/RC)

L/RC

Unity

Unity

Voltage

Current

L/R

L/R

Resonant Frequency

It magnifies

Magnification is

Sample Problems

1. A capacitor is connected in parallel with a coil having L =

5.52 mH and R = 10 , to a 100-V, 50-Hz supply.

Calculate the value of the capacitance for which the current

taken from the supply is in phase with the voltage.

2. An inductive circuit of resistance 2 ohm and inductance

0.01 H is connected to a 250-V, 50-Hz supply. What

capacitance placed in parallel will produce resonance? Find

the total current taken from the supply and the current in the

branch circuits.

Sample Problems

3. A coil of resistance 20 and inductance 200 H is in

parallel with a variable capacitor. The combination is in

series with a resistor of 8000 . The voltage of the supply is

200 V at a frequency of 106 Hz. Calculate (a) the value of C

to give resonance (b) the Q of the coil (c) the current

in

each branch of the circuit at resonance.

4. Impedances Z2 and Z3 in parallel are in series with an

impedance Z1 across a 100-V, 50-Hz a.c. supply. Z1 = (6.25

+ j1.25) ohm; Z2 = (5 + j0) ohm and Z3 = (5 jXc) ohm.

Determine the value of capacitance of Xc such that the total

current of the circuit will be in phase with the total

voltage.

What is then the circuit current and power?

Sample Problems

5. Compute the value of

C which results in

resonance for the

circuit shown

and R2 which will

make the circuit shown

resonate

at

all

frequencies.

Sample Problems

7. Calculate the resonant frequency of the network

shown.

- MP EM Ass 23: AC Circuits, Power, and ResonanceUploaded byBlueAstro
- RLC CircuitUploaded byOleg Poncho
- Section 15.4 Series and Parallel CircuitsUploaded bytwy113
- How to Build a Spark Gap Tesla Coil (SGTC)Uploaded bydushmshr1
- UT Dallas Syllabus for ee3301.021.06u taught by Tanay Bhatt (tmb018000)Uploaded byUT Dallas Provost's Technology Group
- LECTURE2_ENT281_Chapter 1(part2).pptxUploaded byyip
- Ch 7 Series - Parallel CircuitsUploaded byjorrrique
- ABB High Voltage Testing TechquniesUploaded bycisnatel
- Basic ElectronicsUploaded byivydmarasigan
- ch26.pdfUploaded byRodrigo Silva Quirino
- LaPlace TransformsUploaded byGustaf Lindquist
- Alternating CurrentUploaded byPankaj Mishra
- Chapter 2 - Inductors, Capacitors and Alternating Current CircuitsUploaded bySahrul Fahmi
- filter designUploaded byvinaykumaar
- Parallel Resonant CircuitUploaded byKoushik Kallamadi
- Man Gulab NanUploaded byNella Bachar
- 160m Common Mode ChokeUploaded bylu1agp
- IT0334 CircuitsUploaded byBenjamin Martin
- The New Professor Coyle-METRICUploaded byMarcelo Moraes
- ece_mcqUploaded byHcv Prasad Kacharla
- DMRC JE Electrical Jobs AlertUploaded byAbhijit Shaw
- ultramarine.Uploaded byganda irvan
- chapt_3_ansUploaded byabdulhadi_mib
- energies-10-00323-v2.docxUploaded byYadhu Krishnan
- Assignment-2.docxUploaded byamit621988
- ¹ØÓÚ³¤µçÀÂ´«ÊäµÄPWM½»Á÷±äÆµÇý¶¯µÄ¹ýÑ¹ÒÖÖÆ--×ÛÊöUploaded byZaid Rafique
- INDUCTION HEATING USING RESONANT CONVERTER.Uploaded byIJAR Journal
- W.E. Anderson V10Uploaded byRobert Rojas
- Intro to DC Analysis TestUploaded bystarried
- Source.printUploaded byAnonymous LX0hhkWggX

- New Doc 7_1Uploaded byIan Guieb
- 07437818.pdfUploaded byIan Guieb
- Guieb_EE116_E07_Project3.docxUploaded byIan Guieb
- Experiment 6.pdfUploaded byIan Guieb
- Advanced Engg Math Module 1Uploaded byIan Guieb
- Question-Bank-in-AC-Circuits.pdfUploaded byankit1ksha
- EE117L Lecture_2018.pdfUploaded byIan Guieb
- GUIEB_EE116D_E06_Project3.docxUploaded byIan Guieb
- Guieb_EE116D_E06_Project2.docxUploaded byIan Guieb
- GUIEB EE116 project 1.docxUploaded byIan Guieb
- Ece121 a11 Guieb Assign1Uploaded byIan Guieb
- Module 1 AlternatorsUploaded byIan Guieb
- Ac Compiled QuizzesUploaded byIan Guieb
- Experiment 1 Ee104lUploaded byIan Guieb
- 1N5239B.pdfUploaded byIan Guieb
- Guieb Ece131l b7 Analysis Module2Uploaded byIan Guieb
- Guieb Ece131l b7 Analysis Module1Uploaded byIan Guieb
- Toaru Majutsu No Index New Testament - Volume 14Uploaded byIan Guieb
- PHY11 de RadasdseviewerUploaded byJhaenniedeJesus

- Interchange5thEd Level3 Language Summary Units01 16Uploaded byDaniela Rojas
- SIGVERIFUploaded byPhu Cong Le
- Data From Electrical DistanceUploaded byFatholla Salehi
- Lecture 7 - Hypothesis Testing, Z-test, One-Sample T-testUploaded byJi Roo
- DV for MOOEUploaded byLea Madelon
- From Einstein’s Theorem to Bell’s TheoremUploaded byWalid Haddad
- What is the Difference Between Recruitment and Talent Acquisition by Hemant KumaarrUploaded bySujan Dey
- Neural Nets for OptimizationUploaded byWseas Friends
- tdbfp manulUploaded byJackSparrow86
- SAIC-L-2084 Rev 0Uploaded byphilipyap
- French Bulletin IATSE 638Uploaded byIATSE
- AccutronMAQS_2013Uploaded byEnrique Alonso
- HUAWEI Band 3e OnlineUploaded byrocko1002
- Terminode Remote Routing (Synopsis)Uploaded bysanjaykumarguptaa
- Adc WriteupUploaded byRavi Biradar
- TI - Solution for High ResolutionUploaded bye2533108
- ControlFlow_ZyMailUploaded byaamirmehmoodkhan
- Deutz Accessories CatalogueUploaded byВалентин Димитров
- waridUploaded byapi-19759801
- THDC SUMMER TRAININGUploaded byabhilash
- Succession PlanningUploaded byAmTShi
- Karpen's Pile - Hypothesis - Circ_O1Uploaded byJacek Rafał Tatko
- Boyle's Law Lab SheetUploaded byfaezahjalal
- Multi-disciplinary Design Optimization of a Composite Car Door for Structural Performance, Nvh, Crash Worthiness, Durability and ManufacturabilityUploaded bymarc271986
- Database RefreshUploaded byNst Tnagar
- MPX2010DUploaded byTaTa Arroyave
- CRM-260214.pdfUploaded bypugazhendhi
- GeorgiAmmaSchultz_RecognizingHandAndFingerGesturesWithIMUBasedMotionAndEMGBasedMuscleActivitySensingUploaded byPeter Mueller
- Smart Grid LaboratoriesUploaded byFahdAhmed
- ALE MonitoringUploaded byArpitAgarwal