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The Respiratory System

Prepared by Edred L. Maestrecampo


BEED III-A

What is Respiratory
System ?
The respiratory system is the group of tissues
and organs in your body that allow you to
breathe.

Parts of Respiratory System and its


Functions

Nostrils
Nasal Cavity

Larynx
Bronchi
Lungs

Pharynx
Trachea

Alveoli

Nostril
Nostrils are involved in air
intake, they bring air into the
nose, where air is warmed
and humidified.

Nasal Cavity
a hollow space within the
nose and skull that is lined
with hairs and mucus
membrane.

Pharynx
The pharynx, which is located behind
the mouth and nose, is also known as
the throat.
When not being used to transfer food,
the pharynx provides a place for air to
warm up and acquire the proper
humidity levels before it enters the
trachea and moves into the lungs.

Larynx
It manipulates pitch and
volume. The larynx houses
the vocal folds (vocal
cords), which are essential
for phonation.

Trachea
is a wide, hollow tube that
connects the larynx (or voice
box) to the bronchi of the lungs.
The main function of the trachea
is to provide a clear airway for
air to enter and exit the lungs.

Lungs
The main organ of the
respiratory system is lungs.
Lungs are the site in body
where oxygen is taken into
and carbon dioxide is
expelled out.

Alveoli
Tiny sacs within our lungs
that allow oxygen and
carbon dioxide to move
between the lungs and
bloodstream.

The Process of Respiration


1. You breathe air in through your
nose and mouth
2. Wets and warms the air at your
nasal cavity so it wont irritate
your lungs.
3. Then the air travels through
your pharynx and voice box,

The Process of Respiration


4. Air goes down to your
windpipe
5. Through two bronchi
(bronchial tubes)
6. Into your lungs and
alveoli goes to the process
of taking in clean gas and
excess waste gases in the
body through the blood.

7. The blood carrying


carbon dioxide will be
out of our body
through perspiration
or exhaling and the
blood carrying
oxygen will be
distributed all
throughout our body

Summary
The respiratory system is the group of
tissues and organs in your body that
allow you to breathe.
The parts of respiratory system are the
nostrils, nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx,
trachea, and the Lungs.

This how Respiratory System


works:
- First you breathe air in through your nose and mouth,
which wet and warm the air so it wont irritate your lungs.
- Then the air travels through your voice box, down your
windpipe, and though two bronchi (bronchial tubes) into
your lungs.
- Cilia, tiny mucous-covered hairs, in your airways trap
foreign particles and germs to filter the air that you
breathe.
- You then cough or sneeze the particles out of your body.

Activity
1- Illustrate and explain the step-by-step
process of Respiration in Respiratory
System in your paper.
2- Write an essay about how to take care
and protect our Respiratory System.

References

2. Pharynx and Esophagus - Digestive System. (n.d.). Retrieved July 14,


2016, from https://sites.google.com/a/mtlstudents.net/digestivesystem_riley_williams/home/2-pharynx-and-esophagus
Alveoli.(n.d.). Retrieved July 14, 2016, from
http://study.com/academy/lesson/alveoli-function-definition-sacs.html
Anatomy of the Throat and Esophagus - Video & Lesson Transcript |
Study.com. (n.d.). Retrieved July 14, 2016, from
http://study.com/academy/lesson/anatomy-of-the-throat-andesophagus.html
Article: Your Respiratory System Print. (n.d.). Retrieved July 04, 2016,
from http://discoverykids.com/articles/your-respiratory-system/
Biology : Human Respiratory system - Worksheet / Test Paper. (n.d.).
Retrieved July 04, 2016, from
http://www.syvum.com/cgi/online/serve.cgi/squizzes/biology/respi.html
?question_hide
Bottled Model Lungs. (n.d.). Retrieved July 14, 2016, from
http://sciencenetlinks.com/lessons/bottled-model-lungs/

Breathing System Facts for Kids. (2013). Retrieved July 04, 2016, from
http://easyscienceforkids.com/all-about-human-breathing-system/
Exchange. (n.d.). Retrieved July 14, 2016, from
http://www.mrothery.co.uk/exchange/exchange.htm
Got Lungs? | The Lung Association of Saskatchewan. (n.d.). Retrieved
July 14, 2016, from http://gotlungs.ca/index.php/health-facts/kidsrespiratory-anatomy/kids-trachea#.V4f-ePyKTcc
Parts of the Respiratory System and their Function. (n.d.). Retrieved July
04, 2016, from http://www.tutorvista.com/biology/parts-of-therespiratory-system-and-their-function
Respiratory System. (n.d.). Retrieved July 04, 2016, from
http://www.innerbody.com/anatomy/respiratory
Respiratory system. (n.d.). Retrieved July 04, 2016, from
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Respiratory_system
Respiratory System - By KidsBiology.com. (n.d.). Retrieved July 04, 2016,
from http://www.kidsbiology.com/human_biology/respiratory-system.php

Structure and function of the alveoli. (n.d.). Retrieved July


14, 2016, from
http://www.curoservice.com/parents_visitors/lungs_circulati
on/structure_alveoli.php
E. (2010). The Respiratory System. Retrieved July 04, 2016,
from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hc1YtXc_84A
What is the function of the pharynx? (n.d.). Retrieved July
04, 2016, from https://www.reference.com/science/functionpharynx-20b978e7d006d340
Your Nose. (n.d.). Retrieved July 14, 2016, from
http://kidshealth.org/en/kids/nose.html
Your Lungs & Respiratory System. (n.d.). Retrieved July 04,
2016, from http://kidshealth.org/en/kids/lungs.htm

Sometimes
its okay if
the only
thing you
did today
was
breathing.

Thank You
Enjoy your day students !
:D