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Miss Sonal D.

Pawar
T.Y. BSc. (Chemistry Department)

Properties

Of Metallic Solid..!

Today we will discuss.?


Metals

Ferrous

Non ferrous

Today What we discuss..?

Properties Of Metallic Solids.


Crystal Structure
Metallic Luster
Malleability and Ductile
Electrical and thermal Conductivity
High Melting point and boiling point
Density
Alloy Formations
Emissivity

Metal.

A solid material which is typically hard,


shiny, malleable, fusible, and ductile, with
good electrical and thermal conductivity.

e.g. iron, gold, silver, and aluminum, and


alloys such as steel.

Ferrous Mettals
All ferrous metals are magnetic and give
little resistance to corrosion.
E.g. Iron

Non-Ferrous Metals
Non-Ferrous Metals. These are metals
which do not contain any iron. They are not
magnetic and are usually more resistant to
corrosion than ferrous metals.
Examples are aluminum, copper, lead.

Properties Of Metallic Solids

Properties Of Metallic Solids.


Crystal Structure
Metallic Luster
Malleability and Ductile
Electrical and thermal Conductivity
High Melting point and boiling point
Density
Alloy Formations
Emissivity

We will discuss one by one


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crystal structure

A crystal structure is
a unique arrangement of atoms in a crystal.
composed of a unit cell,
a set of atoms arranged in a particular way
which is periodically repeated in three dimensions on a
lattice.

Metallic luster

Metallic luster is
for minerals that are opaque and reflective
The look of polished metal.
Some common examples are different pyrites, which
are used to make coins, gold nuggets, and copper.

Ductility And Malleability

Ductility And Malleability is


stretches under tensile stress.
stretched into a wire.

Malleability

is

Metals ability to deform under pressure (compressive


stress).
Metal may be flattened by hammering or rolling.

Thermal & Electrical


conductivity

Thermal conductivity is
Measure of the ability of a material to transfer heat.
Given two surfaces on either side of the material with a
temperature difference between them.
the heat energy transferred per unit time and per unit
surface area, divided by the temperature difference.

High Melting point and boiling point

High Melting point of metals is


The temperature at which it changes state from solid to liquid at
atmospheric pressure.
At the melting point the solid and liquid phase exist in
equilibrium.

Density

Density
Is mass per unit volume,
can be calculated by submerging it in a known amount of
water and measuring how much the water rises.
This rise is the volume of the metal.
Its mass can be measured using a scale. The unit for
density is gm/cm3.

Alloy Formations

Is the process of
Mixing of either pure or fairly pure chemical elements.
which forms an impure substance retains the characteristics of a
metal.
mixing two or more elements.
at least one of which being a metal.
This is usually called the primary metal or the base metal.

Emissivity

The emissivity
Is its effectiveness in emitting energy as thermal radiation.
Is Electromagnetic radiation and radiation, which is not visible
to human eyes.
The thermal radiation from very hot objects is easily visible to
the eye.

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