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HOMEWORK

WEEK 6:
9/20 TUE-9/23 FRI

Pages 342-350+
68-71 (revisit take note

Tuesday 9/20/16
TO DO: QUIETLY

GET ISN NOTEBOOK

2. TAKE A SEAT- TEXTBOOK WILL BE BROUGHT TO

YOU
TODAYS Sci-Spot Question:

8TH Grade: What are properties of


metalloids compare them to
metals and nonmetals.
When finished read HW pages and take notes in
ISN
Periodic-table-properties-of-groups-and-periods
STUDY
ALSO REVIEW LAW/THEORY/HANDOUT

What are

Metalloids
?

They have some

properties of
metals and some of
nonmetals.
Solids
Brittle, hard,
somewhat reactive.
Semiconductors
(conduct electricity
under certain
conditions)

Wednesday 9/21/16
TO DO: QUIETLY

GET ISN NOTEBOOK

2. TAKE A SEAT- TEXTBOOK WILL BE BROUGHT TO YOU

TODAYS Sci-Spot Question:

8TH Grade: Where would you find


elements with similar properties?
Periods (Rows), Groups (Columns);
and what are properties of
alkaline metals?
When finished read HW pages and take notes in

ISN.
Alkali-metals TWIG

What

are
Alkali
Metals?

They are VERY

REACTIVE!!!!!
The metals in group 1 from
lithium (li) to francium (Fr)
They are never found by
themselves in nature
always in a compound.
They are shiny and very
soft some can be cut with
a plastic knife!
They have low densities
and low melting points
ex. Sodium melts at 98 C
and is less dense than
water!

PRACTICE PERIODIC TABLE


TRENDS
PERIODIC TABLE ELEMENTS MATCH

GAME
Drawing-lewis-structures of atoms

STUDY
Periodic-table-properties-of-groups-

and-periods STUDY

Reading Check
Quiz Week 5

Voice level: 0 ? (Silence)

You can use your notebooks-

your own HW notes.


Then: Have page 5 filled: SCIENCE FAIR

Handout .
10% from summative grade will be deducted
if not turned in today!

Thursday 9/22/16
TO DO: QUIETLY

GET ISN NOTEBOOK

2. TAKE A SEAT- TEXTBOOK WILL BE BROUGHT

TO YOU
TODAYS Sci-Spot Question:

8TH Grade: What causes


scientific theories to change
and how do they differ from
scientific laws?
When finished read HW pages and take

notes in ISN

Friday 9/23/16
TO DO: QUIETLY

GET ISN NOTEBOOK

2. TAKE A SEAT- TEXTBOOK WILL BE BROUGHT

TO YOU
TODAYS Sci-Spot Question:

8TH Grade:

Put the following terms in


order from smallest to largest:
(molecules, organs, atoms, cells,
organisms, compounds, elements)
Today is Spot Quiz, review all your Sci-Spots!

Periodic Table Review


Game
to play: type quizzizz.com/login
http://quizizz.com/admin/quiz/57d55

6693d7bf1ac47bd6742

What

are the
parts of
an
atom?

Nucleus The center of

the atom. It contains


Protons Positively
charged particles.
Neutrons that have no
charge.
Outside the nucleus
Electrons Negatively
charged particles.
Every atom of the same
element has the same
number of protons.

Organizing the Elements


Potassium
Potassium has an atomic number of 19 and an atomic
mass of 39.098 amu. Bananas are rich in potassium.

What is

the
Periodic
Table?

Its an arrangement of

elements showing the


repeating pattern of
properties.
Created by

Mendeleev
He grouped them

according to chemical
and physical
properties.

Organizing the ElementsLabel Groups and periods on your handout.


The Periodic
Table
The periodic
table is one
of the most
valuable tools
to a chemist.

How do

you read
the
Periodic
Table?

For each element it tells

the Atomic Number, the


Atomic Mass, The
Chemical Symbol, and
the Chemical Name.
The Atomic Number tells
the number of protons
(and usually the number
of electrons)
Atoms with a different
number of electrons than
protons are called ions
and are electrically
charged particles.

What

is
Atomi
c
Mass
?

It is the average

mass of all the


isotopes of that
element.
(Remember, an
Isotope is an
element that has the
same amount of
protons but a
different amount of
neutrons changing
its mass.)

Models of Atoms

Isotopes of Carbon
All isotopes of carbon contain 6
protons. They differ in the number
of neutrons. What is the missing
information for each isotope?

Organizing the Elements


Mendeleevs Periodic Table
In his periodic table, Mendeleev left blank spaces. He
predicted that the blank spaces would be filled by elements
that had not yet been discovered. He even correctly predicted
the properties of those new elements.

Organizing the Elements


Silicon
The entry for silicon (Si) in the periodic table looks
like this.

How is

the
Periodic
Table
Useful?

An elements properties

can be predicted from


looking at its location in
the Periodic Table.
Atomic Numbers are in

order from left to right,


and similar properties
are grouped together in
columns.

What is

a
period?

A row on the Periodic

Table.
Properties change in a

predictable way as you


go from left to right.
Metals are shown on the

left and nonmetals on


the right with metalloids
in the middle.

Class Discussion: Organizing the Elements


Elements of Period 3
The properties of the Period 3 elements change as you
move across the period. Which of these are Metal?
Metalloid? Nonmetal?

What is

a Group?

The elements in a column

form a group.
Each group is known as a

family.
The Elements in each

group have similar


characteristics.
For example all

elements in group 1
(except for hydrogen) are
metals that react
violently with water.

Organizing the Elements

Elements of Group 10
The elements of Group
10 include nickel (Ni),
palladium (Pd),
platinum (Pt), and
darmstadtium (Ds).

How are

element
s
grouped
together
?

The elements are

grouped together in
three main
categories:
Metals
Nonmetals
Metalloids

Metals
Metals
Many of the objects around you contain metals. What
are the objects that will set off the metal detector?

What

are the
properti
es of
metals?

Physical:
High luster shiny and

reflective
Malleable can be
hammered into flat
sheet
Ductile can be pulled
out or drawn into a wire
Thermal conductivity
can transfer heat
Electrical conductivity
can transfer electricity

Nonmetals and Metalloids- please fill out


on your handouts. Glue to ISN.
Properties of Metals and Nonmetals
What are the properties of metals and nonmetals?

Propertie

s of
metals
cont

Chemical:
Reactivity the ease or

speed that elements


react or combine with
other elements. Most
metals react by losing
electrons to other
atoms.
Corrosion the gradual
deterioration of a metal
due to a chemical
reaction with the
environment.

What are

the
properties
of

Nonmetal
s?

Physical:
Dull
Brittle
Poor conductors of
both heat and
electricity.

Nonmetals and
Metalloids

Portion of the Periodic Table


What are the chemical symbols of the nonmetals? How
are the remaining elements classified?

Nonmetal

s cont.

Chemical Properties:
Atoms of nonmetals

usually gain or share


electrons with other
atoms. Electrons
move from metals to
nonmetals.
Sometimes
nonmetals join
together to form
compounds such as
H2O

How are

metals
classifie
d?

Metals are classified

into 6 categories:
Alkali metals
Alkaline earth metals
Transition metals
Metals in mixed
groups
Lanthanides
Actinides

What

are
Alkali
Metals?

They are VERY

REACTIVE!!!!!
The metals in group 1 from
lithium (li) to francium (Fr)
They are never found by
themselves in nature
always in a compound.
They are shiny and very
soft some can be cut with
a plastic knife!
They have low densities
and low melting points
ex. Sodium melts at 98 C
and is less dense than
water!

Alkaline

Earth
Metals

Reactive but not as

reactive as the alkali


metal group.
They are more dense
and melt at higher
temperatures ex.
Magnesium (Mg) melts
at 648.8 C.
Calcium is one of the
most common alkaline
earth metals needed
for healthy bones.

Transition

Most are hard and

metals

shiny solids (except


for Mercury which is a
liquid at room temp.)
Includes iron, copper,
nickel, gold and silver.
High melting points
and high densities.
Good conductors
Very malleable
Less reactive than 1-2

Metals in

mixed
groups

Only some of

elements in
groups 13 16 are
metals.
Include Aluminum,
Tin, Lead.
Not very reactive
used to coat other
metals so they
wont corrode.

Lanthanid Many of these

es and
Actinides

elements are
synthetic (not
naturally found
but artificially
made in
laboratories).
They are made
using particle
accelerators.

Transurani

um
Elements

The synthesized

elements found on
the table past
Uranium. They
are made by
crashing the nuclei
of atoms together
at extremely high
speeds using
particle
accelerators.

Nonmetals and
Metalloids

The Families Containing Nonmetals


What nonmetals belong in these families?

Families

containin
g
Nonmetal
s

The Carbon Family


The Nitrogen

Family
The oxygen Family
The Halogen
Family
The Noble Gases
Hydrogen

The

Carbon
family

Group 14
Most fuels used to

yield energy
contain carbon
such as coal,
gasoline, crude oil.
Carbon is important
to life proteins,
carbs, DNA, fats.
Diamonds are pure
carbon.

Nitrogen

family

Oxygen

family

Group 15
Contains 2

nonmetals
Nitrogen and
Phosphorous.
Group 16
Contains 3

nonmetals
Oxygen, Sulfur, and
Selenium. O gas
S & Se - solids

Halogen

family

Group 17
Nonmetals include

Florine, Chlorine,
Bromine and Iodine.
Halogen means
salt forming
Although halogen
elements are
dangerous they
are useful water
treatment,
toothpaste.

The Noble Group 18

Gases

Usually

nonreactive.
Helium (He), Neon
(Ne), Argon (Ar),
Krypton (Kr),
Xenon (Xe).
Used in Balloons
and Neon lights.

Hydrogen

Alone in the upper

left corner of the


Periodic table.
Properties very
different than all
others, so it is not
grouped with a
family.
Hydrogen makes up
more than 90% of all
atoms in the
universe, but only
1% on Earth.

What are

Metalloids
?

They have some

properties of
metals and some of
nonmetals.
Solids
Brittle, hard,
somewhat reactive.
Semiconductors
(conduct electricity
under certain
conditions)

Models 0f

atoms.

Notes..