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Groundwater Groundwater 11

3

L
0.58 m
diam.
0.35 m
n
0.38
A
0.096211 m 2
Calc
Experiment
Duration
Q
dp
Ratio
K
K
No.
(min)
L/min
(m)
V/dp
(m/min)
cm/s
1
25
3.6 1.11
3.25
0.019552
3.26E-02
2
20
7.65 2.36
3.24
0.019541
3.26E-02
3
15
12
4
3 0.018085
3.01E-02
4
18
14.28 4.9
2.91
0.017568
2.93E-02
5
17
15.2
5.02
3.03
0.018253
3.04E-02
6
17
21.8
7.63
2.86
0.017224
2.87E-02
7
11
23.41
8.13
2.88
0.017359
2.89E-02
8
15
24.5
8.58
2.85
0.017214
2.87E-02
9
13
27.8
9.86
2.82
0.016997
2.83E-02
10
10
29.4
10.89
2.7 0.016275
2.71E-02

Confined Aquifer

# V D= Darcy velocity

## Since A > A V, and Q = constant, V s> V D

Pinch hose, reduce area, water goes faster

# Reynolds: Inertial/Viscous forces

we saw last time.

# Limitations of Darcy’s Equation

1. For Reynold’s Number, Re, > 10 or where the flow
is turbulent, as in the immediate vicinity of pumped
wells.
Darcy’s
Darcy’s Law
Law works
works
2. Where water flows through extremely fine-grained
for
for 1.0
1.0 << ReRe << 1010
Q = – KA (dh/dL)
materials (colloidal clay)
q = – Ky (dh/dL)

downstream

Confining Layer
Aquifer
30 ft