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PRINCIPLE

WHAT IS IT?

Indicates that the upward buoyant force that is

exerted on a body immersed in a fluid, whether

fully or partially submerged, is equal to the weight

of the fluid that the body displaces and it acts in

the upward direction at the centre of mass of the

displaced fluid.

displaced is less than the weight of

the object, the object will sink

Otherwise the object will float,

with the weight of the water

displaced equal to the weight of

the object.

why steel ships float!!

EXPLAINS WHY STEEL SHIPS

FLOAT?

every body or object has a volume; that means

that if that object is placed on the surface of the

water, it will displace water which is equal in

volume to the object immersed inside the surface

of the water

FORMULA:

The volume of water that has been displaced possesses a

certain amount of mass, which is found by the following

formula:

Mass of water displaced = volume of water displaced * density of

water

immersed in a fluid it experiences buoyancy

(upward force) that is equal to the weight of the

fluid displaced.

F=pgV

body,

v = Volume of the displaced

fluid

g = acceleration due to gravity

We know that density

= ff - gg.

Here

ff is

F= (f - g)gV

gg is

Archimedes tells us that this mass of water displaced actually acts to

push the object upward and it causes an apparent loss of mass of the

object placed on water by an amount equal to the mass of water

displaced.

The upward force exerted by this displaced volume of water is known

as the force of buoyancy. This force can be assumed to act at a single

point on the body which is known as the center of buoyancy of the

body. This center of buoyancy is the same as the center of gravity of

the part of the body which is immersed in the water. It is this force of

buoyancy which keeps the object pushed upwards and prevents it

from sinking.

FLOAT?

When an object is placed on water its weight is acting downwards while the force of buoyancy is acting upwards. As the object starts to dip into the water the

force of buoyancy would rise. At a point where this force is equal (and of course it is opposite) to the mass of the object, the object stops sinking and starts

floating at that position. But if the object is not able to displace a mass of water equal to its weight even after full immersion it will sink to the bottom.

Though a ship is made out of several thousand tons of iron (and other materials) it is shaped in such a way that after some amount of immersion in water it

displaces a volume of water sufficient enough to counter its weight, hence the reason for floatation

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