You are on page 1of 10

Atmosphere

Foldable

Today’s Learning Targets:
1. Summarize information from charts and graphs
regarding layers of the atmosphere

Atmo Basics
• Oxygen and Nitrogen make up 99% of our
atmosphere.
• Nitrogen makes up 78%!
• The remaining 1% is made up of carbon dioxide,
argon, hydrogen, water vapor and other gases
• Answer in your notebook on your side: How might
that look on a pie graph?

Troposphere
• Underneath the flap that says Troposphere
• The layer closest to Earth’s surface. This is the
layer outside.
• It contains most of the mass of the atmosphere.
• Most weather takes place in and most air
pollution collects in the troposphere.
• Air temperature DECREASES with height in the
troposphere

Stratosphere
• Up to the next flap, label Stratosphere
• The stratosphere, is where most ozone is located.
o Its called stratospheric ozone.

• Planes like to fly here because there is less moisture
so less clouds & less weather to jostle the planes.
• Air temperature INCREASES with height in the
stratosphere

Side Note
• Felix Baumgartner jumps from the stratosphere
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dOoHArAzdug
• Alan Eustace (a google executive) jumped on October
24, 2014 from the Stratosphere and broke the previous
record!

Mesosphere
• The mesosphere is the
coldest layer of the
atmosphere.
• It has very strong winds.
• This is where you would
see meteors shooting
through.
• Temperature DECREASES
as you go up in the
Mesosphere

Thermosphere
• The thermosphere is the farthest layer from the
surface and it contains the least amount of the
atmosphere’s mass.
• This is the hottest layer because it is closer to the
sun and it absorbs the heat from it.
• Temperature INCREASES as you go up in the
thermosphere
• Divided into two parts
o Ionosphere: important for radio communications. Also where auroras
occur
o Exosphere: composed of light (in weight) gases so satellites tend to fly
here

Temperature Graph
• If we graphed the temperatures, what would they
look like?
• We know that the temperature decreases, then
increases, then decreases, then increases again!

Graph