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Biological Bases

of Behavior

Biological Psychologists study the
links between biological activity and
psychological events.

Behavioral Neuroscientists, Neuro-Psychologists,
Behavior Geneticists, Physiological Psychologists,
Bio-Psychologists

    Cell body (soma) Dendrites (receivers) Axon Axon Terminals (transmitters) . The body’s information system (the brain and the nervous system) is based on/built from billions of interconnected cells called neurons.

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Neurons Communicate .

Neural Communication: Impulse Transmission Across the Synapse Play Video .

sleep. Dopamine: Influences movement.  4. Acetylcholine: Enables learning and memory.  3.Common Neurotransmitters  1. Serotonin: Affects mood. . and arousal. Norepinephrine: Helps control alertness and arousal.  5. hunger.  2. attention and emotion. learning. Triggers muscle contraction. Endorphins: Natural opiates released in response to pain or vigorous exercise.

 Endorphins: The Brain’s Natural Morphine Video Clip. #5 . “The Mind”. Disc 1.

How Do Neuropsychologists Study the Brain?  1. Manipulate Brain  3. Record Brain Activity: EEG . Clinical Observation  2.

Neuroimaging Techniques  4. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)  6. Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) . Positron Emission Tomography (PET Scans)  5.

NEUROIMAGING: ASSESSING WHAT'S COOL Play Video .

The Structure of the Brain .

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BRAIN AND BEHAVIOR: PHINEAS GAGE REVISITED Play Video .

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DVD 1. Severed Corpus Callosum. Introductory Psychology. #7 .

Clicker Response Activity  What kind of brain damage would you “diagnose”?  Damage to certain areas of the brain can cause specific deficits in behavior. This activity links specific brain areas with their functions. .

 Damage may be deliberate (experimental) or accidental (head injury. etc. stroke.) .  Damage to a brain structure (or to multiple structures) may affect a person’s behavior or abilities.What is a Lesion?  Lesion = tissue destruction.

parietal lobe hippocampus cerebellum frontal lobe . Although he has recovered most of his function. 3. 4. He sounds stilted.” 1. 2. he still is unable to speak clearly.Case Study 1: Patient JP suffered a minor stroke recently. and almost “Tarzan-like.

Case Study 2: Patient GN recently was struck in the head with a crowbar. occipital lobe spinal cord hippocampus reticular formation . she is now unable to see. Although her eyes were undamaged. 1. 2. 4. 3.

he is becoming increasingly belligerent and aggressive. As the tumor grows. temporal lobe amygdala medulla cerebellum . 2. 4. He also seems to have no fear when confronted with threats or danger.Case Study 3: Patient AF is suffering from a brain tumor. 1. 3.

4. The BB is now lodged in her brain. 1. and she has lost feeling in her left hand. has been shot in the head with a BB gun. 3.Case Study 4: Patient BB. ironically enough. 2. pituitary gland spinal cord parietal lobe frontal lobe .

3. 2. 4. reticular formation amygdala temporal lobe cerebellum . Now. 1.Case Study 6: Patient FD has suffered a minor stroke. she is extremely uncoordinated and seems to have completely lost her sense of balance.

wsj.com/health/2011/12/ 06/health-blog-video-the-pros-and-co ns-of-left-handedness/ .Handedness  http://blogs.

Plasticity  http:// www.com/watch?v=iAzmyB 9PFt4 Neuroplasticity .youtube.