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Rajshahi University of Engineering & Technology

Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Welcome Everyone to Our Thesis Presentation

9/22/16

Thesis Title
DESIGN & ANALYSIS OF FIR FILTER FOR
SUPPRESSION OF NOISE USING FREQUENCY
SAMPLING METHOD BASED ON MATLAB

Presented by

Supervised by

Debasish Saha
Roll. No.: 081013

Prof. Dr. Md. Mortuza Ali
Dept. of EEE
Vice-Chancellor
RUET

Shahnewaz Akanda
Roll. No.: 081040
9/22/16

Presentation Outline
 Background of the thesis
 Basic concept of filter
 Frequency sampling method
 The realization of frequency sampling method by

MATLAB
 The realization of digital filter design block using
MATLAB Simulink
 Conclusion and future work

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Background of the thesis
In digital control system, interference, which is mixed in
the input signal, has a great influence on the performance
of the system. Therefore, processing of input signal has to
be done to get useful signal.
By using frequency sampling method, FIR filter design has
been processed by MATLAB. In the view of the designed
program of MATLAB, we can get the amplitude-frequency
characterization. By using the FIR digital filters which
have been designed to process the input signal based on
the MATLAB function, the filtering effect of different
digital filters has been analyzed.
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Filter
A filter is an electrical network that alters the amplitude
and/or phase characteristics of a signal with respect to
frequency.
Filters are often used in electronic systems to emphasize
signals in certain frequency ranges and reject signals in
other frequency ranges.
Filters may be classified as either digital or analog.

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Advantages of digital filter
• Programmable
• Can be easily designed, tested and implemented
• Extremely stable with respect to both time and temperature
• Can handle low frequency signals accurately
• More versatile
• Relatively simple and compact
According to the impulse response, digital filters are usually of
two types:
1. Finite impulse response (FIR) filters
2. Infinite impulse response (IIR) filters
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Advantages of FIR filter
 Less number of calculation
 More economical
 Linear phase response
 Non-recursive structure
 Small finite precision arithmetic error
 Fast Fourier Transformation can be used

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Frequency sampling method
We start in the frequency domain and sample the desired
frequency response to get the unit impulse response by
using Inverse Discrete Fourier Transform(IDFT). The
inverse DFT yields an impulse response which leads to a
filter.
The advantage of this method is that we can design
filters directly in the frequency domain.

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The realization of frequency sampling
method by MATLAB
o Low pass filter design for composite sinusoidal signal
o Speech signal generation
o Low pass filter design for speech signal
o High pass filter design for composite sinusoidal signal
o High pass filter design for speech signal

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Low pass filter design for composite sinusoidal signal

Pass band is from 0 to 500Hz, Signals with frequencies of 100Hz and 300Hz are kept, while that of 700Hz is filtered.
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Speech signal generation

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Low pass filter design for speech signal

Pass band is from 0 to 1700Hz, Signals with the frequencies from 0 to 1700Hz are kept,
while that of above 1700Hz is filtered.
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High pass filter design for composite sinusoidal signal

Pass band is from 500 to 1000Hz, Signals with frequencies of 700Hz and 800Hz are kept, while that of
200Hz is filtered.
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High pass filter design for speech signal

Pass band is above 2400Hz, Signals with frequencies above 2400Hz are kept, while that of below 2400Hz is filtered.

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The realization of digital filter design block
using MATLAB Simulink

Block diagram & time scope display for filtering High-Frequency Noise in Simulink
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Conclusion and future work
Conclusion
In this thesis MATLAB and Simulink has been used to represent
the frequencies for FIR filter and observe the amplitude-frequency
characteristics. The goal of this thesis was to design low pass and
high pass FIR filter which attenuate the frequencies of the signal.
For a composite sinusoidal signal, filtering occurred at frequencies
above and below 500Hz due to low pass and high pass FIR digital
filter respectively. Similarly for speech signal, filtering occurred at
desired frequencies in the same manner.

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Future Work
 VLSI chip can be designed using software such as VHDL to

meet particular design specifications
 DSP chip can be selected from manufacturers such as Texas

Instruments, Analog Devices, Lucent or Motorola and can be
programmed to work as a digital system
 General-purpose

microprocessor can be chosen
programmed to work as a digital signal processor system

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and

Thanks to All
9/22/16