ELECTRICITY

What is Electricity?
Electricity is generated from the motion of
tiny charged atomic particles called
electrons and protons!
 Protons = +
 Electrons = 

electron

neutron

proton

Types of Sources used to make Electricity Thermal  Geothermal  Nuclear  Hydroelectric  Solar  Wind  .

Pictures of each Source .

How do we get Electricity?  Energy from one of the sources is converted by machines at the power plant to Electricity and then put onto the Electric Power Grid  Electric Power Grid • • • • • • Power Plants Transmission Lines Substations Power Lines Transformers Electrical Wiring and Circuit Box .

Pictures of each piece of the Power Grid! .

. The path along which the electric current moves is called the electric circuit.How does an Electrical Appliance Work?  To make an electrical appliance work. electricity must flow through it. The flow of electricity is called an electric current.

What is an Electric Current? An electric current is the rate of flow of electric charges in a .

How does electricity flow? The battery in a circuit gives energy to the electrons and pushes them around a circuit. from the negative terminal of the cell. round the circuit and back to the positive .

.Instrument to Measure Current An ammeter is an instrument used for measuring electric current.

Voltage is a measure of how much energy the electrons receive Different voltages are supplied by different cells and batteries: .What is Voltage? An electric cell gives energy to the electrons and pushes them round a circuit.

.Instrument to Measure Voltage A Voltmeter is an instrument for measuring electric potential in volts.

What is an Electric Circuit? Electric circuits are made up of electrical components. Note: Components refer to the light bulb wires. . These components must be joined together without any gap in between to form a closed circuit.

What is Resistance? When an Electric Current flows through a circuit. Georg Simon Ohm. The unit. . ohms (Ω) is named after the German physicist. there will be some resistance that opposes it. where R= Resistance. It can be measured by . I= Current. V= Voltage.

Cloth) . (eg. Metal objects) -Electricity is able to flow through them very easily.What is Resistance? Good Conductors of electricity have low resistance. Wood. Poor Conductors of electricity have high resistance. (eg.

Inventors and Inventions 1752 – Lightning Rod Ben Franklin 1800 – Electric Battery Count Alessandro Volta 1805 – Refrigerator Oliver Evans 1876 – Telephone LightAlexander Graham Bell 1879 – Light Bulb Thomas Edison 1888 – AC Power Nikola Tesla 1910 – Flashlight Conrad Hubert 1920 – Traffic Garrett Morgan .

Farnsworth 1945 – Computer Mauchley and Presper 1954 – Microwave Percy Spencer 1973 – Internet Vinton Cerf 1991 .More Inventors and Inventions 1927 – Television Philo T.WWW Tim Berners-Lee 1955 – TV Remote Eugene Polley .

Safety Tips! .

etc. transformers.) 5 – Do not swim or play outside on a stormy day 6 – Never put fingers or other objects near electrical outlets 7 – Obey all safety signs 8 – Never use appliances with cords showing bare wire .Always play it safe!  Safety rules 1 – Never climb trees near power lines 2 – Never go around downed power lines or substations 3 – Never use electrical appliances near the bathtub 4 – Stay away from all electrical equipment (meters.

Safety in a storm!  Stay away from tall objects such as trees  Stay out of open fields or areas where YOU are the tallest thing  If your hair stands on end. crouch low to the ground with as little of your body in contact with the ground as possible .

THE END .