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LEADERSHIP

LEADERSHIP

Leadership is the process of influencing others


towards the accomplishment of goals.
It is the ability to induce subordinates to work
with zeal and confidence.
In short, it is the activity of influencing people to
strive willingly for group objectives.

FEATURES OF
LEADERSHIP

EXISTENCE OF FOLLOWERS
Leadership does not flourish in isolation. It
requires followers.
INTERPERSONAL INFLUENCE
It is the knack of getting other people follow
you, and do things willingly.
TWO WAY PROCESS
A leader influences his followers and gain
authority over them by group consensus.

CONTINUED

COMMON GOALS
The basic objective of leadership is achievement
of common goals of the group.
SITUATIONAL
The qualities, skills and characteristics of a
leader are determined by the demands of the
situation.

MANAGERS AND LEADERS


LEADERSHIP
Narrow term

MANAGERSHIP

Wider term. A manager is


more than a leader
Exists in unorganized groups Requires an organization
also.
structure.
Leadership is the activity of
It implies exercising
influencing people to strive
functions like planning,
willingly for group goals.
directing, etc. Leadership is
one of these functions.
Leaders get authority by
Managers get formal
virtue of their skills.
authority.
Leaders are sensitive to
Managers are concerned with
followers needs.
organizational goals.

LEADERSHIP STYLES

DIRECTIVE OR AUTOCRATIC STYLE


Leader makes most decisions without consulting
other group members.
Leader controls group members by using
rewards and discipline.
Leader permits very little individual freedom of
action.
Group members are dependent on the leader to
establish goals and plan activities.

BENEFITS
Decisions can be made
very rapidly.

DISADVANTAGES
Tends to reduce
creativity.

Control can be
centralized for orderly
operations.

Group members may


avoid responsibility.

PARTICIPATIVE OR DEMOCRATIC STYLE


Leader involves individuals in decision making and goal
setting.
Authority and responsibility are delegated to group
members.

The leader uses two-way communication.

Attitudes and feelings are considered by the leader.

BENEFITS

DISADVANTAGES

Participation can result


in high motivation of
group members.
Individual abilities can
be developed through
participation.

Individuals may
dominate participation.
Compromise can result
in actions that are not
the most effective.

FREE REIN OR PERMISIVE STYLE


People are permitted to function essentially on
their own.
The major influence on goals and procedures is
desire of group members.
Communication is open, and can take any
direction.

BENEFITS
May encourage
suggestions, creativity
and innovations.
Group is flexible and
can adapt quickly to
change.

DISADVANTAGES
Group objectives may
be ignored.
Can lead to lack of
coordination of group
activities.