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THE WASTE PIPE

WASTE PIPE

-it receives any discharges of any fixture except from


water closet.

Generally, waste pipe is smaller than the soil pipe

Categorically, any pipe that receives and conveys human waste is affixed
by the word SOIL
The drainage installation compromises three major component parts call
DWV.
Drainage, Waste and Vent.

DRAINAGE PIPE

-refers to an installation that receives and conveys


dischargers from water closet with or without waste coming
from other fixtures.

THE VENT PIPE

- it functions as air passage or to ventilate the drainage


and waste pipe installation.

SOIL STACK

- a vertical pipe installation where the soil branches


terminate.
- The pipe is called stack if it was installed vertically.

GENERAL CONDITIONS FOR A


GOOD WASTE PIPE
INSTALLATION

1. By making the right choice of materials


2. By conservative use of fittings
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Right location of cleanouts


Right slope or grade of the pipelines
Using the right size of pipe
Correct manner of joining the pipes
Providing Stable and Rigid Support

BY MAKING THE RIGHT CHOICE OF


MATERIALS

CONSERVATIVE USE OF
FITTINGS

Pipe installation failure :


1. Use of too many fittings
2. Use of wrong types of fittings

CONSERVATIVE USE OF
FITTINGS

Recommendations:
1. Do not use short radius fittings on a vertical to horizontal
directions or horizontal to horizontal changes.
2. Use long sweep fittings on horizontal changes
3. For vertical to horizontal the y and 45 degree fittings are
most appropriate
4. The T fitting was designed for vertical run with lateral
branches only. Its use on horizontal installation will
create a tilted or crooked joint connection called
Premature Waste Line Defects

CONSERVATIVE USE OF
FITTINGS

LOCATION OF CLEANOUT

-Cleanout is a receptacle of plumbing system accessible on


floor, walls or ceiling.
The location of the clean out must be indicated in the
plan.
It should be sized equal to the diameter of the waste pipe.

RIGHT SLOPE OR GRADE OF


WASTE PIPE

The ideal position of horizontal waste pipe, were those


installed at 2% slope. Inclined ratio of 2 centimeters per
meter length.
Water Seal Escape occurs when the grade of the slope is
increased from 2% to 4%.

MANNER OF JOINING PIPES

Each kind of pipe has its own manning joining recommended


and specified by manufacturers.

DETERMINING THE SIZE OF


WASTE PIPE

The waste pipe diameter shall be adequate enough to


serve the installation of fixtures in a general way, but the
best way is to fit the diameters of commercial pipe into the
future pattern in the most efficient manner
To accommodate the velocity of the flow, making them more
s c o u r i n g as necessary to prevent the silting of the
pipe.
Scouring to flush or washout, to remove dirt or grease by
flowing through.

THE UNIFORM PLUMBING


CODE COMMITTEES FINDING

1. Increased size in drainage pipe doesnt guarantee


effectivity scouring action or self-cleaning ability.
2. Water flow in larger pipe is relatively shallow. Solid waste
doesnt flow on shallow waters.
3. Flowing of water inside the waste pipe must have a
depth or 50% of the diameter.
4. If the pipe is 100mm in diameter, 50mm depth water
flow is needed for self-cleaning ability. This is where the
2% slope is effective.
5. Too small pipe may cause back-pressure, siphonage and
foor flooding.

THE FIXTURE UNIT

Kind of fixtures
Bathtub
Floor drain
Kitchen sink
Residential Sink
Lavatory tub or wash basin
Laundry tub
Shower bath
Slop sink
Sink, hotel or public
Urinal
Water Closet
Combination Fixture

Fixture unit
2
1
2
1.5
1
2
2
3
2
5
6
3

WASTE PIPE AND OTHER


FIXTURES

1. Direct waste
- Urinals, Bath tub, Lavatories, Sink, Showers, Drinking
fountain, Laboratory, Hospital Fixture.

WASTE PIPE AND OTHER


FIXTURES

2. Indirect fixture
- Soda fountain, Bar waste, Refrigeration, Drinking fountain

THE HOUSE SEWER

Is defined as the portion of the horizontal drainage system,


which starts from the outer face of the building and
terminate at the main sewer in the street or sceptic tank.

GENERAL CONDITIONS

1. Secure permits from the sewerage authority


2. Verify the house depth the house drain outlet
3. Determine the depth of the connection with the main
sewer in the street and the grade of the house sewer.
4. The depth is found by measuring the length of the
longest branch of the house drain multiplied by the preplanned pitch per meter.