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VERMICOMPOSTING

Introduction
•   Vermicomposting is a technology of composting various 
forms of biodegradable wastes with the help of 
earthworms.
• This compost is perfectly balanced and good in plants 
nutrients.

Vermicomposting
Composting worms eat
decaying organic matter and
turn it into worm castings
(worm feces). The result is
vermicompost, a mixture of
worm castings and composted
material such as the bedding
in bin.

Why do it  Ecologically responsible ◦ Reduce waste in landfills and sewage treatment plants ◦ Provides valuable additives for your plants Saves you money  Worms for fishing  .

Composting bins  Ready made ◦ Layers ◦ Drainage .

Composting bins  Homemade ◦ Depth ◦ Surface area .

Getting Started  Bin ◦ Style ◦ Moisture control ◦ Aeration .

Bedding ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ Cardboard Newspaper Coconut fiber Old leaves Wood chips .

. ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦  Compost Vermicompost Manure Dirt Nothing too fresh though! You don’t want to generate heat from the seeding substance.Seeding  Need a microbial rich substance to start the bin off.

not earthworkers ◦ Redworms Eisenia foetida ◦ Full density is 1 lb per sq ft of surface area .Worms ◦ Not all worms are equal!  Composters.

8 worms will multiply into 1500 if conditions are right  They will stop breeding if there is not enough food or space  . worms Worms become mature at 10 weeks  Will produce 2 to 3 cocoons a week  ◦ Each cocoon holds 2-5 babies ◦ Cocoons take 3 weeks to hatch In 6 months.Worms.

Food won’t attract them until it starts to spoil. not the food itself.Food scraps ◦ 1/2 lb of food per sq ft of surface area (assuming full worm density) per day ◦ kind           Vegetable scraps Egg shells Coffee grounds Bread Plant waste No meat or bones No pet waste Worms eat the microbes that feed on the decaying food. Consider pre-composting food .

VERMICULTURE It means artificial rearing and cultivation of earthworm and the technique is the scientific process of using them multiplication for the betterment of environment. .gibberelin.vitamins and hormone like auxin. VERMIWASH It is a liquidplant growth regulator which contain high amount of enzyme.cytokinin along with micro and macro nutrient used as foliar spray.

To get technique about the harvesting of earthworm and compost.To know the importance of vermicompost as a source of nutrient.OBJECTIVE OF VERMI COMPOSTING  To study about preparation of compost by earthworm.To know how to use plant and animal waste efficiently. .

Requirements Earthworms Anegeic      Subsurface dweller   Lampito mauritii  Endogeics Deep soil  dwellers Octochaetona  thrustoni  .

Requirements Cont’d…. Earthworms: Commonly following varities are used for vermicomposting­ Epigeics­surface dwellers .

96.Nutrient profile of vermicompost Vermicompost contains : 1. 0.7% Phosphorus. 0.5 ppm Manganese.6% Nitrogen.8% Potash. 175 ppm Iron. 24. .5% Calcium.5 C:N ratio. 0. 0.5 ppm Zinc 15.2% Magnesium.

Vermi unit bed  5.Temporary or permanet  shed  6.PREPARATION OF VERMICOMPOST MATERIALS REQUIRED:­  1.Cow dung   3.Earth worm  4. Organic waste  2.Ghunny bag  7.Water Preparation of vermicompost from paddy straw .

  Phase 5 Storing the vermicompost in proper place to maintain moisture and allow the beneficial microorganisms to grow.  Sieving the composted material to separate fully composted material. A concrete base is required to put the waste for vermicompost preparation. glass and ceramics and storage of organic wastes. .PHASES OF VERMICOMPOST  Phase 1 collection of wastes. mechanical separation of the metal.   Phase 2 Pre digestion of organic waste for twenty days by heaping the material along with cattle dung slurry.    Phase 4 Collection of earthworm after vermicompost collection.  Phase 3 Preparation of earthworm bed. shredding.

PREPARATION OF VERMICOMPOST .

 and spread a thin layer  of cowdung on it.5m Then construct a shed over the bed to protect the earth worm from  sun light and natural enemies like poultry. . sugarcane trash etc. The optimum temperature for vermicompost production is 20­30  oC. rice barn.duck and other birds. In second layer spread 5cm of decomposing material like saw  dust. straw. dry leaf and spread a thin layer of cow dung on it.  Sprinkle water in order to providing  pressing of second layer and  control the heat released during decomposition of cow dung if  fresh.PROCEDURE Construct the concrete tank beds of size 3m *1m *0. In the 1st layer spread 5cm of slow decomposing material like  banana leaf.

 Sprinkle the  water and covered with jute bag to retain moisture level of 50­ 60%. Turn the jute bag at suitable  interval. Sprinkle the water regularly to control the temperature and  moisture.the dark brown colour noticed with  sweet smell . As the  compost is getting ready .vegetable waste etc.Sprinkle lime powder or neem leaf extract over bag to  protect from mosquitoes and flies.soft and spongy. and add pulse barn or  powder. Compost is ready after 6­8weeks of release of earth worm. .Cover  with jute bag and sprinkle with water to retain the moisture level  of 40­50%. Part mixed with 2 part cowdung upto 30cm. Never use plastic covering as it traps heat and gas.Spread the green leaf. After two weeks remove the jute bag and gentle place 1000 earth  worms per m2 of bed and wait till the worms move inside.

For collection of compost prepare cone shaped heap due to nature  of earth worm moves downward and goes further inside. Then collect earth worm and use them for new beds. . Again prepare a heap and repeat the process till collection of all  compost.

Care Add food  Maintain moisture  Harvest castings  .

Harvesting Methods  For compost and restocking ◦ Hand Sort ◦ Halving ◦ Bag trap  For compost only ◦ Dumping .

They need compost for food!  Inside or outside   Inside: ◦ Space limitations ◦ Bugs ◦ Smell  Outside ◦ Weather ◦ Animals ◦ Size .Points to remember Composting worms don’t do well out in your garden unless your soil is rich in humus.

Preparation     Assembled bin Placed on styrofoam insulation sheet Drilled holes in sides for ventilation Covered holes with screening using glue gun to keep out bees .

When temperature falls below freezing. Put birdbath heater into water.Winterizing       Place large covered bucket or container in middle of bin. Cut hole in cover for the cord. Fill worm bin with bedding so it almost reaches top. Fill 2/3 with water. plug in heater. . It should create a core that is not frozen where the worms will gather. wrap joint securely with plastic. If extension cord is needed to reach outlet. Wrap sides with sheets of styrofoam insulation. Cut piece of foam insulation to lay on top of bedding.

Winter feeding They should keep eating  Less amount perhaps  .

What makes worms THRIVE? T temperature H H2O R recycle organics I invertebrates V ventilation E environment and pH .

What makes worms CRAWL? C change of habitat R rain A absence of air W water L lack of food .

Closed bins keep pets out. Remove uneaten food. Change some of the bedding. . Stop feeding for a week. Properly maintained bin has little smell.More reality Concerns Solutions Mushrooms   Smell     Time Children/Pets Come from wood chip bedding. Except for harvesting. Just bury into bedding. it takes less than 1/2 hour per week   Great learning tool for kids.

Uses On house plants  In outdoor gardens  Very high in nutrients  Compost tea  .

o improves root growth of plants. . plant growth. o enriches soil with plant hormones such as auxins and gibberellic acid. o enriches soil with micro-organisms o attracts deep-burrowing earthworms already present in the soil which. o increase water holding capacity of soil. o enhances germination.indirectly improves fertility of soil. and crop yield.Benefits of vermicompost Vermicompost is a nutrient rich compost which: o helps better plant growth and crop yield o improves physical structure of soil.