Group Members
A B M Abdur Rahim A K M Nazmul Haque MD. Mydul Islam Zinnatun Naim Lucky MD. Mahabub-Or-Rashid Sujash Chakma 02707612 02707614 02707632 02707649 02707661 02707656

Our Topic:
Project management in Bangladesh

Project management in Bangladesh
According to the World Bank rating, Bangladesh is one of the poorest nations of the world. Most of the development project in Bangladesh are managed and controlled by the government machinery. The government of the Bangladesh (GOB) administers the development project through its annual development program (ADP). To coordinate different developmental schemes and to determine their perquisites, a development board, a planning Advisory board and an economic committee of the cabinet were set up in 1948.

Poor performance of public administration in project management:
The implementation, monitoring and evaluation division of the ministry of planning has identified the following causative factors: Defect in the feasibility studies and project design. Winding up of incomplete project. Lack of initiative. Delays in resource of deployment. Shortage of funds, especially for organization and management purpose. Weakness in project management.

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Task force has shown unsatisfactory performance of the GOB project and identified a set of major deficiencies which include: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Lack of strong and competent planning organization Lack of transparency and accountability Centralized administration Lack of motivation Jealously among ministries/ department Lack of coordination among ministries Little or no concern for project sustainability

Function of planning commission:

General economic division and the program evaluation and appraisal division deal with the general macro issues of the national economy. Functions are given below: Function of the GED:  Evaluation of plan and project.  Determination of macro-economic policies.  Co-ordination of preparation of plans like five years and annual plan.  Co-ordination of research on macroeconomic issues.

Function of program, evaluation and appraisal division:  Co-ordination of preparation of annual development program.  Authorization of development projects and release of funds of unapproved projects.  Economic appraisal of development projects Other four division deal with the planning and policy issues of different sectors of the national economy.

Planning process in Bangladesh
In the process of public policy making in Bangladesh, planning commission (pc) plays a significant role. Pc is the central organization of the GOB for development of plans, program as well as projects. Planning commission is composed with six divisions. These are given below: 1. General economic division (GED). 2. Programming, evaluation and appraisal division. 3. Socio-economic infrastructure division. 4. Industries and energy division. 5. Physical infrastructure division. 6. Agriculture, water and rural institution division.

Preparation of ADP
The essential steps that are involved in the preparation of ADP are given below:

The planning commission (PC) consulting with the finance division and the external resources division (ERD), determine the available resources and invites projects from different ministries. In consultation with the ERD and relevant agencies, the sector divisions of the pc scrutinize all the proposals.

Sector division of the PC then sends all the scrutinized proposals to the programming division of the pc for preparing a draft ADP. The draft ADP is prepared by the programming division of the pc. A programming committee headed by member, programming in pc and with members fro ERD, finance division IMED, president’s secretariat concerned ministry head of agency and the sector division of pc revises the draft ADP. The revised ADP is submitted to the national economic council (NEC) for approval.

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Other Institutional Framework of Development Management
The poor project management environment in government sector in Bangladesh created a scope for growth of different alternative institutional framework of development management. The growing attention towards NGO is follows:

Growing interest among donors & national governments in strengthening the development roles of institutions outside the public sector.

The development capacity of some NGOs to reach the poor more effectively than public agencies. A sharp decline in public development resources, causing governments to search for more costeffective alternatives to environmental public services & development program. Small size, administrative flexibility & relative freedom from political constrains make NGOs able to find out innovation in governmental program.

Different Socio economic Development programs & Projects of NGOs
At present around 20,000 of local & foreign NGOs are working in various development projects in the country. During the year 1992-1993, almost 1200 project was approved by the NGO Affairs Bureau. Over the three decades of Emergence of NGOs, the number of programs & projects in different sectors has been wide spread. The programs are: 1. Population Control 2. Removing Unemployment 3. Non-formal Education

4. Forestry. 5. Health. 6. Drinking Water & Sanitation Program. 7. Cyclone Center & Aids for Disaster Affected People. 8. NGO program for Adolescents. 9. Woman Development. 10. Micro-Credit Program.

Palli Karma Sahayak Foundation (PKSF)

PKSF since its inception in May 1990 has been working as an apex micro-credit funding & capacity building organization for eradicating providing micro-credit to the poor through its Partner Organizations (Pos). PKSF has four divisions as follows: 1.Small & Medium Pos Loan Operations Division. 2.Big Pos Loan Operations Division. 3.Administration Division. 4.Audit Division.

Micro credit program (MCP) of NGOs for Poverty Alleviation
Credit is a powerful instrument to fight poverty. Micro-credit refers to programs that are poverty focused and that provide financial and business services to poor persons for generation of selfemployment and income. The role of microcredit in reducing poverty is now well recognized all over the world. In Bangladesh there are mainly four types of institutions involved in micro-credit activities. These are –
1. Grmeen bank. 2. Around 1500 Non governmental organization. 3. Commercial and specialized banks. 4. Government sponsored micro-credit program.

Micro credit programs of lending NGOs
Grameen bank
Grameen bank was initiated in 1976 by professor Muhammad yunus as an action research project of Chittagong University. In a village near the university called JOBRA. It believes that micro-credit, when properly designed and implemented, can be a powerful tool for reducing poverty. In 1983 Grameen bank was established as an independent specialized bank to provide Collateral free loans to the poor as way to reduce poverty. Grameen bank is exclusively focus on the poor and priority for the poorest women.

BRAC (Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee) is the world’s largest nongovernmental, non-profit organization. Operating in Bangladesh since 1972, BRAC implements a number of multi-sectoral programs in pursuit of its two major goals of poverty alleviation and empowerment of the poor. Currently BRAC is working with over 3 million households! Their programs spam over three main areas1.Rural Development program(RDP) 2.Education 3.Health

ASA (Association for Social Advancement) was founded in 1978 by a group of young social and political activists fighting their own liberation struggle against Pakistan. The credit program for income generation that ASA operated evolved in 1991 to become the singular focus of the Organization to date. Now ASA is a sustainable micro finance institute in Asia and Pacific fighting on poverty with a self-reliant micro credit model.

PROSHIKA, which was established in 1976, runs a host of programs for Bangladesh’s impoverished, including education, housing, and health and environment protection initiatives. PROSHIKA has successfully completed the fifth year (July 2003- June 2004) of its phase VI FYP and is continuing an extended period of phase VI for one more year.

BEES (Bangladesh Extension Education Services) establishment in 1975 as a national NGO. It has more than 28 years experience in multifarious fields of development services. The launching of BEES coincides with the history of the Christian Reformed World Relief Committee (CRWRC) in Bangladesh. The development drive now being executed by BEES was started as a rural development project under CRWRC, in Bogra, in 1975 with the Ministry of Agriculture. Later CRWRC handed over the all out management responsibility and ownership of the project to BEES in 1984.

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