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Future Network Architectures

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| Technological Challenges and Trends

Introduction

Capacity, Efficiency, Performance, Ubiquity, Scalability andGene


Identification, Mobility and Localization
Adaptability, Autonomicity, Self-*, *-Aware and Manageability
Semantic, Context, Naming and Routing

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Security, Privacy, Trust, Transparency, Anonymity, and Safety

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Neutrality, Openness, Diversity, Extendibility, Flexibility and Usa

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Simplicity, Sustainability and Evolvability

Future Network Architectures

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| Introduction

1 Introduction

Point of view
Technological requirements,
Challenges and
Trends towards future network architecture

Future Network Architectures

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| Introduction

Future Network Architectures

Capacity, Efficiency, Performance,


Ubiquity, Scalability and
Generality

Future Network Architectures

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Capacity, Efficiency, Performance,


Ubiquity, Scalability and
Generality

Technologies :
Storage capacity (solid state flash
memories and high capacity
magnetic disks)
Polymer memories, could
increase storage capacity even
more.
Reducing chips energy
consumption.
Dye-sensitized solar cells for
mobile devices (Alt. Energy)
High-performance computing
based on supercomputers or
computer clusters.

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Capacity, Efficiency, Performance,


Ubiquity, Scalability and
Generality

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Creating ultrafast processors.


Better quality and larger screens
Improving the quality of
experience and allowing new
forms of digital interactivity.
Silicon photonics, Micro-ElectroMechanical Systems (MEMS),
nanotechnology,
Nanoelectromechanical Systems
(NEMS), quantum computing and
communications, carbon
nanotubes, etc.

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Capacity, Efficiency, Performance,


Ubiquity, Scalability and
Generality

Problem :
Heterogeneity of devices will
prevail
Shortage of IPv4 addresses
Traffic growth
Several technologies to deal with
the problem :
Classless Inter-Domain Routing
(CIDR)
Network Address Translation
(NAT)
Dynamic Host Configuration
Protocol (DHCP)
IPv6
Fiber-To-The-Home (FTTH)

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Capacity, Efficiency, Performance,


Ubiquity, Scalability and
Generality

Future Network Architectures

Optical
Networking

Wireless
Networkin
g

Virtualizat
io

Capacity, Efficiency, Performance,


Ubiquity, Scalability and
Generality

2.1 Optical Networking


Technologies
Ultra-Dense Wavelength Division
Multiplexing (UDWDM)
Optical Time Division Multiplexing
(OTDM)

Future Network Architectures

Optical
Networking

Wireless
Networkin
g

Virtualizat
io

Capacity, Efficiency, Performance,


Ubiquity, Scalability and
Generality

Year

Organizati
on

Effecti
ve
Speed

WDM
Per
Chann Channel
els
Speed

Distan
ce
(Km)

2009

AlcatelLucent

15
Tbit/s

155

100 Gbit/s

90

2010

NTT

69.1
Tbit/s

132

171 Gbit/s

240

2011

KIT

26
Tbit/s

26 Tbit/s

50

2011

NEC

101
Tbit/s

370

273 Gbit/s

165

12
52,4
In 2012
2013, NEC,
New Scientist1.05
reported
that a team at the
Corning
Petabit/ core
University of Southampton
hadfiber
achieved a throughput of
s
73.7 Tbit per second, with the signal traveling at 99.7%
the speed of light through a hollow-core photonic
crystal fiber.

Future Network Architectures

Optical
Networking

Wireless
Networkin
g

Virtualizat
io

Capacity, Efficiency, Performance,


Ubiquity, Scalability and
Generality

Future Network Architectures

Optical
Networkin
g

Wireless
Networking

Virtualizat
io

Capacity, Efficiency, Performance,


Ubiquity, Scalability and
Generality

Future Network Architectures

Optical
Networkin
g

Wireless
Networking

Virtualizat
io

Capacity, Efficiency, Performance,


Ubiquity, Scalability and
Generality

RF technologies :
Multiple-Input and MultipleOutput (MIMO)
Ultra-Wide Band (UWB)
Orthogonal Frequency Division
Multiplexing (OFDM)
Antennas

Future Network Architectures

Optical
Networkin
g

Wireless
Networkin
g

Virtualizatio
n

Capacity, Efficiency, Performance,


Ubiquity, Scalability and
Generality

Future Network Architectures

Optical
Networkin
g

Wireless
Networkin
g

Virtualizatio
n

Capacity, Efficiency, Performance,


Ubiquity, Scalability and
Generality

Future Network Architectures

Optical
Networkin
g

Wireless
Networkin
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Virtualizatio
n

Capacity, Efficiency, Performance,


Ubiquity, Scalability and
Generality

Future Network Architectures

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Problem :
DHCP
Limit of IPv4

Identification, Mobility and Localization

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Identification, Mobility and Localization

4,294,967,296 possible IP

Manual

Software-Defined

Wifi a,b,g,n (Short and


limit bandwidth)
Mobile(1G,2G/GPRS/E
DGE,3G/1xEVDO,3.5/HSDPA/EV-DO)

Security

WiMAX (40Km)
Mobile(4G/3G and beyond)

UTP
Coaxial
Optic
(Backbone)

All optic fiber(Fiber To The


Home)

Adaptability, Autonomicity, Self-*, *-Aware an


Future Network Architectures Manageability

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Adaptability, Autonomicity, Self-*, *-Aware an


Future Network Architectures Manageability

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Adaptability, Autonomicity, Self-*, *-Aware an


Future Network Architectures Manageability

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Adaptability, Autonomicity, Self-*, *-Aware an


Future Network Architectures Manageability

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Future Network Architectures Semantic, Context, Naming and Routing

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Semantic Web
"Semantics is the technical term used
to refer to the study of meaning, and
since meaning is a part of language,
semantics is a part of linguistics.
Semantic Web isnot about links.
Semantic Web describes therelationships
between things(like A is a part of B and
Y is a member of Z) and theproperties
of things(like size, weight, age, and
price).

Future Network Architectures Semantic, Context, Naming and Routing

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Semantic Web

Security, Privacy, Trust, Transparency,


Future Network Architectures Anonymity, Accountability and Safety

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Problem :
computer viruses,
worms,
trojans,
spyware,
dishonest adware,
phishing,
spam,
spoofing,
code injection,
etc

Neutrality, Openness, Diversity,


Future Network Architectures Extendibility, Flexibility and Usability

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Future Network Architectures Simplicity, Sustainability and Evolvability

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Section 8

Design must be kept simple and


unnecessary complexity should
be removed.
Simplicity is the ultimate
sophistication
Allow new approaches to replace
established ones, reducing
unnecessary complexity and
increasing efficiency and quality
simplicity is achieved by
refinement/ evolution

End of Slide|Future Network Architectures

Future Network Architectures Simplicity, Sustainability and Evolvability

References

Tania Tronco (Ed.), New Network


Architectures, springer, 2010
Antonio Marcos Alberti, Future
Network Architectures:
Technological Challenges and
Trends, springer
WANG Wendong, et. al,
Autonomicity Design in OpenFlow
Based Software Defined
Networking, The 4th IEEE
International Workshop on
Management of Emerging
Networks and Services,2012