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DOS AND

DONTS AT CRIME
SCENE

Definition of a crime scene


The place where an offense
has been committed and
forensic evidence may be
gathered

7 PRINCIPLES OF
FORENSIC SCIENCE

1. Principle of
Exchange
According to this, when a criminal or his
instrument of crime comes in contact with
the victim or the objects surrounding him,
they leave traces, and the criminal or his
instrument picks up traces from the same
contact

2. Principle of Individuality
Every object natural or man made, has all
individual which is not duplicated in any
other object. The individuality has been
verified in certain fields. The most
extensive work has been carried out is in
fingerprints. The law of individuality is of
judgmental importance in forensic science

3. Principle of
Probability
All the identifications, definite or indefinite
are made consciously or unconsciously on
the basis of probability

4. Principle of Comparison
Only the likes can be compared, is the law
of comparison. It emphasizes the necessity
of providing like sample and specimens for
comparison

5. Principle of
Analysis
The analysis can be no better than the
sample analyzed. The principle emphasizes
the necessity of correct sampling and
packaging for effective use of experts

6. Principle of Progressive
Change
Everything changes with the passage of
time. Its impact on forensic science is
immense. The criminal, the crime scene
and objects involved in the crime all
undergo changes, hence may become
unrecognizable

7. Principle of
Circumstantial Facts
Facts do not lie, men can and do, hence
the importance of circumstantial evidence
is as good as oral evidence. Oral evidence
depends upon so many factors such as
power of observation, assimilation, auto
suggestion.

DOS AT CRIME
SCENE

1) Proceed
to the
scene
quickly
and safely
as possible

2)

Quickly
start the crime
solving by
contacting the
necessary
artist such as
investigator,
coroner, EMS,
etc

3) Arrest
the
suspect if
possible

4)
Document
everything

5) Preserve
and
collect
everything
and
anything
that looks
like
evidence

6) Assume
that
everything
is potential
evidence

7)

Secure the
scene
No one is
allowed to enter
Locards
principle states
that everyone
who enters the
scene leaves
something
behind

8) Treat

every single
suspicious
death as a
homicide
until the
investigation
proves
otherwise

9) Keep an
open mind
with no
tunnel
vision

10)
Photograph
by taking
more
pictures to
ensure you
have
captured
everything

DONTS AT CRIME
SCENE

1. Eating
and
drinking
should
never be
allowed at
a crime
scene.

2. Do not
go inside

3. When
you do go
inside, do
not touch
the stuff

4. Do not

touch areas
or articles
which are
possible of
being
processed
for latent
fingerprints.

5. Get a
clear sense
of whats
missing

6. Do not
smoke

7. Do not
use
telephone,
bathroom
or kitchen
for any
purpose

8. Do not
adjust the
thermostat,
open
windows
and doors.