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NDIAN EMBROIDER

INTRODUCTION OF INDIAN
EMBROIDERY
Embroidery
is
an
expression of self, rendered
with patience and dedicated
hard work, it is an art
rightly
described
as
"painting by needle".
 Indian embroidery takes
its inspiration from nature The colors, the base the
theme and the style are
and religion.
reflective of a particular
region.
Embroidery
on
leather, velvet, net, cotton
and silk is done all over the
country.
The patterns have always
been
floral,
animals,
geometric and religious.

HISTORY OF INDIAN EMBROIDERY
The
history
of
embroidery dates back
to many centuries. The
mere
look
of
the
intricate
embroidery
patterns adds elegance
& grace to the product.
The main role is played
by needle and thread for
giving a shape to the
designs.

Be it the 'bagh' or
'phulkari'
stitch
of
Punjab, the darn stitch
of
Kashmir
or
the
'chikan' work of Uttar
Pradesh, the 'kasauti'
stitch of Karnataka or
stitches of Kutch.

They are all unique in
their own way. Nature
and religion are the

Kantha embroidery

Kutch embroidery

Kasuti embroidery

Kashida embroidery

Phulkari embroidery

Applique craft

Metal embroidery

Rajasthan embroidery

Chikankari embroidery

Kantha of Bengal .

. Kantha embroidery holds a very special place. the several stitches and embroideries famous in West Bengal. One of the most famous amongst them is the fine embroidery of West Bengal.Kantha of Bengal West Bengal is famous for the variety of arts and crafts it offers.

quilts. bed-sheets. pillow covers. dhotis. One of the finest classes of embroidery.Kantha of Bengal The process involves laying the worn clothes in layers and stitching them together. . Kantha is popularly used on saris.

flowers. Kantha was said to be a lady's self expression. the emotions and the life of the artist. . The real kantha narrates a story. animals or geometric patterns that means it can be anything the worker can relate to.Kantha of Bengal Usually the motifs are gods and goddesses.

Types of kantha embroidery Archilata kantha Baiton kantha Thalia kantha Lap kantha Rumal kantha Oaar kantha Sujani kantha .

Kantha embroidery garaments .

Embroidery of Gujarat .

The stitches used in the embroidery of Sindh.Embroidery of Gujarat Embroidery from the Saurashtra and Kutch regions in Gujarat is not only famous but also versatile. herringbone. There are plenty of stitches used to beautify the product. Kutch and Kathiawar are chain stitch. interlacing stitch. darning stitch and .

indigo. kurtis(ladies shirt) and richly embroidered blouses are the other famous. peacocks. trees etc. Motifs used in this type of embroidery are many. birds. light green.Embroidery of Gujarat Rust. deep red.floral. and purple are the colors used. animals. pink. Persian influence can be seen in the motifs. skirts. . blue.

Types of Gujarat embroidery Sindh embroidery Herringbone stitch Kutch embroidery Kathiawar embroidery Buttonhole stitch .

Gujarat embroidery garments .

asuti Embroidery of Karnata .

birds and animals likeswans. squirrels. Hindu motifs are predominant in kasuti. peacocks. . cradles. elephants.Kasuti Embroidery of Karnataka Kasuti is a form of embroidery that comes from the state of Karnataka in India. It resembles the embroidery of Austria. Hungary and Spain. They are taken from gopuram (temple tops) lotus flower. palinquin.

purple. Colors used predominantly are orange. Women embroidered saris. bonnets. green and red. .Kasuti Embroidery of Karnataka  The threads used for embroidery were drawn from the fabric itself or they used silk thread from Mysore. skirts and blouses.

Types of Kasuti Embroidery Gavanti Negi Murgii Menthi .

Kasuti Embroidery garments .

kashida of Kashmir .

kashida of Kashmir Kashmiri embroidery is well known for the beauty of its color. Bird motifs were seen on the shawls (like parrot. The motifs were mainly taken from nature. design and technique. Probably. Floral motifs like lily. the best-known Indian embroidery is the 'Kashida of Kashmir'. saffron flower and tulips were mostly seen . woodpeckers and kingfishers). iris. texture. lotus.

The threads used were wool. blue (ferozi). the beauty of Kashmiri shawls. bed covers. veils and articles of personal and daily use. dress materials. purses. yellow (zard) and black (mushki). green (zingari). cushion covers. this embroidery enhanced.kashida of Kashmir Colourful fabrics like white (sufed). cotton and silk. . silk sarees. purple (uder).

which includes other stitches as Zalakdo (chain stitch).Types of kashida zalakdo talibar vatachik Kashida is general term for Kashmir embroidery. Vatachik (Buttonhole stitch). Talibar (Gold .

Applique Craft of Oriss .

. Applique'.Applique Craft of Orissa Applique works are a vivid expression of Orissa Crafts. It is generally accepted that appliqué works of Orissa date back to more than 850 years. is a French term that refers to an art form of superimposing patches of colored fabrics on a piece of basic fabric/cloth to give it an altogether a new look.

leaves.red. birds. white. celestial bodies and geometric .Applique Craft of Orissa The art form typically depended on four basic colors . black and yellow to produce a striking effect. Appliqué motifs in contrasting colors are then cut in the shape of animals. flowers.

Applique Craft of Orissa The use of all these products are associated with the religious ceremonies of Lord Jagannath. The craftsman first prepares the base material in the shape of square. rectangle. . and circle or oval which forms the background for the pieces of art.

cushion covers. purses. bed sheets.Applique Craft of Orissa The Pipli village in Puri district of Orissa is the main center of appliqué work Rows of shops in Pipli flaunt appliquéd handbags. letter cases. canopies and garden . wall hangings. pillow covers.

Phulkari Embroidery of Punjab .

Phulkari literally means flower craft.Phulkari Embroidery Phulkari embroidery is peculiar to Punjab. A Baugh or Phulkari. therefore. is not only a beautiful traditional art but a symbol of maternal love and faith expressed in embroidery .

white. The thread used was pure silk. . was always used for embroidery.Phulkari Embroidery Khaddar cloth which was hand spun and hand woven cotton material. blue or black. The colour was mostly red. It is untwisted silken floss called PAT.

  .Phulkari Embroidery The stitch craft of Phulkari consists long short darning stitches. producing geometric pattern in Phulkari designs while the Baugh has an overall geometrically floral pattern. The motifs are made up of horizontal. vertical and diagonal stitches.

Kinds of Phulkari .

Embroidery of Rajasthan .

the three garments worn by women. Similarly men`s garments like the angarkha.Embroidery of Rajasthan Embroidery of Rajasthan brings new character and dimension to any article that it graces. ghaghra and odhni. achkan and jama also display certain elements of embroidery. . the kanchli.

Embroidery. Rajasthani women lead somewhat restricted lives. . becomes the expression of a woman`s artistic temperament.Embroidery of Rajasthan Social threads of embroidery:As in many traditional societies. thus.

Also known as Bharat Kaan. The main stitches employed in folk embroideries are: Mochi Bharat: Mochi Bhara is a chain stitch prevalen in Barmer district . .Embroidery of Rajasthan Folk embroideries. Heer Bharat: Heer Bharat is embroidery where design is filled with thread work. means filling work.

green yellow and red colored .Embroidery of Rajasthan Jaiselmer Applique work: The quilts made by patchwork known as ‘Ralli’are the traditional product of Jaisalmer . Traditionally blue. The opaque white beads are worked by stringing them together in various shapes and forms of birds.The quilt is made by sewing several layers of old fabrics Moti bharat: Moti bharat is an art of Jalor district of Rajasthan. animals. human figures of day to day life.

Meo Embroidery: The Meos of Alwar has again their unique style of embroidering a rich pattern with chain stitch in contrasting colours and the body is roofed with the `phulkar bagh` stich. .Embroidery of Rajasthan sujani work: An old cloth is folded three or four times and stitched together and new cloth is then attached over it for doing chain and running stitch embroidery.

veils. They also traditionally spin the wool from their sheep and give it to local weavers to make the woolen skirts. .Embroidery of Rajasthan Rabari Embroidery The Rabari Embroidery depicts the creativity of women belonging to the Rabari community in their daily life and lifestyle. blankets and turbans Rabaris use.

  . which involves the use of gold threads. beads.Embroidery of Rajasthan Gota Work : The metal embroidery of Rajasthan is known as Gotta work. woven in a satin weave. Gota is a band of gold or silver ribbon of that varies with width. Zardozi or Zari work: Zardozi or Zari or kalabattu is an embroidery work done in metal wires. gota and kinari. seed pearls. spangles. wire.

Chikankari traditional Embroidery of Uttar Pradesh .

It was originally done with a white thread on a white cloth. It literally means “embroidery”. a skill of more than 200 years old.Chikankari traditional Embroidery of Uttar Pradesh Lucknow. it is done on a variety of fabrics and in a spectrum of colors. Now. in Uttar Pradesh (India). hence the name “white embroidery”. is the centre of chikankari . .

Depending on the final product to be this is either done on unstitched cloth or pre-stitched cloth so the design for the necklines. sleeves etc can be marked out. .Chikankari traditional Embroidery of Uttar Pradesh The design to be embroidered is block printed on the fabric using washable dyes.

foliages.Chikankari traditional Embroidery of Uttar Pradesh Chikankari is unique in the sense that it uses about 40 stitches and each stitch is used for a specific purpose. . fruits like mango (integrated into design as paisleys). birds like peacock and parrot etc. creepers. The motifs have been picked up from the nature and mostly include flowers.

Metal Embroidery .

. strips. Zardozi embroidery involves the use of different shapes of metal wire like springs. coils.Metal Embroidery The use of metal embroidery in Indian textiles and costumes. ribbons and discs. demonstrate the importance of gold and silver within the culture. especially the ones used for special occasions or ceremonial purposes.

shiny and thin strips of colors. refers to the metallic threads used in weaving.Metal Embroidery Zari. The fabric used for metal embroidery is highlighted with colorful threads and metal made. it has shimmer. . that means "gold" in Persian.

it has shimmer. . The short sleeves and V-necked cocktail dresses in silk are one of the examples for the clothes that are designed with metal embroidery. shiny and thin strips of colors.Metal Embroidery The fabric used for metal embroidery is highlighted with colorful threads and metal made.