Bell Ringer

What is science?

What is science?
• Science is a way of learning about
the natural world. • Also includes all the knowledge gained by exploring the natural world

Skills of a scientist
• Observing • Inferring • Predicting • Classifying • Making models
You use these skill every day in your life.

Observing
• To use one or more of your senses to
gather information.
– – – – – Sight Smell Hearing Taste Touch

Example Jane Goodall
• Her keen observations of
chimpanzee behavior led her to some suprising discoveries:
– Chimps use blades of grass to “fish” termites out of the mounds. – She learned a lot about chimp vocalizations (sounds they make).

How do you make observations
• You use your observations of you
environment to make decisions.
– Example: You notice that the day is cold and rainy, so you decide to wear a jacket.

Quantitative Observations
• This type of observation has to do
with amounts or numbers
– You notice the number of student in your class. – Your observe the number of minutes left in this class.

Qualitative Observations
• These types of obserations deal with
descriptions that do not involve numbers
– – – You notice the blue sky You taste the sourness of the lemon You hear the ringing telephone in the distance.

Inferring
• When you attempt to explain an
observation.
– Not wild guesses – Based on knowledge you already have

Jane Goodall
• She noticed the chimps picked up leaves
from a tree, chewed them up. Then the chimp took the chewed up leaves, put them into the hollow of a tree. The chimp then pulled the leaves out, soaked in water and put them into his mouth. • Jane inferred that the chimp used the chewed leaves like a sponge to soak up the water to drink.

Predicting
• To make a forecast of what will
happen in the future.
– Based on her observation Jane learned how to predict when a chimp might attack. • She observed when chimps hair stood on
end, chimp made vocalizations, and threw objects, the chances a high he will attack.

Inferences and Prediction
• An inference is an attempt to explain
what has already happened. • A prediction is a forecast of what will happen in the future.
– You see a broken egg on the floor next to the table. You infer that it rolled off of the table. – If you see an egg rolling toward the end of a table, you predict that it will fall to the floor and break.

Classifying
• Is the process of grouping items together that
share similar characteristics
– Living organisms classified into to domains, kingdoms, phylum, classes, orders, families, genre, species

• Helps keep things organized

Making Models
• A model is a representation of
– – – – Maps Movie sets Graphs Miniatures of buildings

complex objects or processes that are difficult to observe directly.

What is Life Science
• Study of living things
– – – – – – – – – – – – Biologist Anthropologists Botanist Park Rangers Historians Marine biologist Nurse Doctor Forestry Technician Fish and game warden Animal caregiver And many more…….

Homework
• Read section and do reading web. • Section 1 Assessment questions:
– #1 (a-d)