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MATHSApplicatio

:F.A- 3
ns of
Activity
Trigonom
etry

What is Trigonometry?
Trigonometry is a methodology for finding
some unknown elements of a triangle
provided the data includes a sufficient
amount of linear and angular measurements
to define a shape uniquely.
For example, two sides a and b of a triangle
and the angle they include define the triangle
uniquely. The third side c can then be found
from the Law of Cosines while the angles
and are determined from the Law of Sines.

Thomas Paine's statement of


the uses of trigonometry
The scientific principles that man
employs to obtain the
foreknowledge of an eclipse, or of
any thing else relating to the
motion of the heavenly bodies, are
contained chiefly in that part of
science that is called trigonometry,
or the properties of a triangle,
which, when applied to the study
of the heavenly bodies, is called
astronomy; when applied to direct
the course of a ship on the ocean,
it is called navigation; when
applied to the construction of
figures drawn by a ruler and
compass, it is called geometry.

Applications of Trigonometry
There is an enormous
number of applications of
trigonometry and trigonometric
functions.
The technique of
triangulation is used in
astronomy to measure the
distance to nearby stars, in
geography to measure
distances between landmarks,
and in satellite navigation
systems.

Line of Sight

Line

ht
g
i
S
of

Suppose a boy is looking at a bird on a tree, so


the line joining the eye of the boy and the bird is
called the Line of Sight.

Angle of Elevation

Angle of Elevation

Lets take the same case again that a boy is


looking at a bird on a tree. The angle which the
line of sight makes with a horizontal line drawn
away from the eyes is called the angle of
elevation.

Angle of Depression
Angle of Depression

Now if we consider that the bird is


looking at the boy, then the angle
between the birds line of sight and
horizontal line drawn from its eyes is
called the Angle of Depression.

Some modern uses


Mechanical Engineering,
Architecture, Electrical Engineer,
Music Theory,etc.These fields
involve trigonometry does not
mean knowledge of trigonometry
is needed in order to learn
anything about them. It does mean
that some things in these fields
cannot be understood without
trigonometry. For example, a
professor of music may perhaps
know nothing of mathematics, but
would probably know that
Pythagoras was the earliest
known contributor to the
mathematical theory of music.

Mechanical Engineers
Mechanical engineers apply
principles from calculus and
trigonometry as well as other
higher-level mathematics concepts
on a regular basis. In fact, most
mechanical systems can be
described quite accurately through
mathematical models. Mechanical
engineers must also be able to
apply theoretical results to
practical solutions. This requires a
great deal of creativity and
perseverance.

Architecture
Ancient architects had to be
mathematicians because
architecture was part of
mathematics. Using math and
design principles, they built
pyramids and other structures that
stand today. Surveyors also use
trigonometry to examine land and
determine its boundaries and size.
Although surveyors perform this
task, architects may rely on
surveys when designing
structures.

Electrical Engineer
The main purpose throughout
Electrical Engineering is to design
some type of circuit for some
specific purpose. Input signal, and
Output some type of electrical
signal. These consist of two
different types of signals DC
signal, and AC signal. The DC
signal is a voltage input that
doesn't change periodically over
time. The AC Signal is slightly
more complicated. This signal can
take on many different forms with
respect to time. All these forms are
described by Trigonometry.

Music Theory
The sounds that we hear every
day, including music, reach our
ear as sound waves. These
sound waves travel through the
air at different angles from the
original sound source. The sound
then bounces off whatever is
nearby. Engineers use
trigonometry to figure out the
angles of the sound waves and
how to design a room or hall so
that the waves bounce to the
listener in a balanced and direct
manner. Studio producers or hall
managers sometimes install
panels that hang from the ceiling
of the room---these panels can
be adjusted at specific angles to
get the sound waves to bounce

Chemistry
Trigonometry is a system of
mathematics that describes
triangles. Chemists use
trigonometric functions to
accurately describe the angles
that are created when atoms bond
together to form molecules.
Chemistry is a science that
describes how materials interact
with each other and trigonometric
functions, such as sine, cosine,
and tangent, are essential to
describe materials in their three
dimensions.

Thank You