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POWER THEFT IDENTIFICATION AND

LOCATION DETECTION USING GSM

BY
D.VENKATESH
G.RADHA KRISHNA
MOHD.SHAKIR
U.SHRAVAN KUMAR

(09K81A0214)
(09K81A0220)
(09K81A0239)
(09K81A0258)
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CONTENTS:
About NSIC
Introduction
Block Diagram
Components
Working Principle
Applications
Advantages and Limitations
Conclusion

ABOUT NSIC:

The National Small Industries Corporation Limited (NSIC) was


established in 1955 by the Government of India.

NSIC provides diversified support through its wide spectrum of


programs to TSC to cater to their different needs related to multiproducts and multi-locations markets.

INTRODUCTION:

Power theft is at the centre of focus all over the world but power
theft in India has a significant effect on the Indian economy, as
this figure is considerably high.

The present thesis, Microcontroller Based Power Theft Identifier,


introduces the concept of preventing the illegal usage of the
electrical power.

WAYS OF POWER THEFT:

The normal practice for power theft is to short the input


and output terminals
To place a magnet on the wheel in case of old meters.
Bogus seals and tampering of seals.
Disturbing electronic common reference point of
measurement.
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BLOCK DIAGRAM:
BUZZER

POWER
SUPPLY

MICRO
CONTROLLE
R 8051

TOUCH
SENSO
R

MAX
232

GSM

LCD

COMPONENTS:

GSM (Global System for Mobile communications)

Microcontroller

MAX232

Touch sensor

Liquid crystal display (LCD)

Power supply

Capacitors

Resistors

Voltage regulator

Buzzer
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GSM:

GSM (Global System for Mobile communications) is a cellular


network, which means that mobile phones connect to it by
searching for cells in the immediate vicinity.
GSM networks operate in four different frequency ranges. Most
GSM networks operate in the 900 MHz or 1800 MHz bands.
Some countries in the Americas use the 850 MHz and 1900 MHz
bands because the 900 and 1800 MHz frequency bands were
already allocated.
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MICROCONTROLLER:

A microcontroller is a computer on a chip. It is an integrated chip


that is usually a part of an embedded system. It is a self
contained, independent and yet function as a tiny, dedicated
computer.

MAX 232:

A MAX232 chip has long been using in many microcontrollers


boards. It is a dual RS232 receiver / transmitter that meets all
RS232 specifications while using only +5V power supply.

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TOUCH SENSOR:

Touch Sensor Technologies designs and manufactures patented


digital switches for use in touch-sensitive User Interface Panels.
Much more durable than mechanical and membrane switches,
Touch Sensor keypads have become the new standard for solidstate switching.

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LCD:

A liquid crystal display (LCD) is a thin, flat display device made


up of any number of color or monochrome pixels arrayed in front
of a light source or reflector.

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POWER SUPPLY:
Power supply is a reference to a source of electrical power. A device or
system that supplies electrical or other types of energy to an output load
or group of loads is called a power supply unit.

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CAPACITORS:

A capacitor or condenser is a passive electronic component


consisting of a pair of conductors separated by a dielectric.

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RESISTORS:

A resistor is a two-terminal electronic component that produces a


voltage across its terminals that is proportional to the electric
current through it in accordance with Ohm's law: V = IR

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VOLTAGE REGULATOR:

A voltage regulator is an electrical regulator designed to automatically


maintain a constant voltage level.

It may use an electromechanical mechanism, or passive or active electronic


components.

7805

7805

7905

SERIES

I/P GND

O/P

GND

I/P

O/P

Output
voltage
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BUZZER:

A buzzer or beeper is a signaling device, usually electronic,


typically used in automobiles.

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WORKING PRINCIPLE:
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM:

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PRACTICAL KIT:

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APPLICATIONS:

The system can be incorporated for almost all types of


users.
The concept is well suited especially for villages and
interior areas.
We by this design like to conclude that the power theft can
be effectively curbed by detecting where the power theft
occurs inform the authorities.
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ADVANTAGES:

The proposed system provides the solution for some of the main
problems faced by the existing Indian grid system, such as wastage
of energy, power theft, manual billing system, and transmission
line fault.
This method will reduce the energy wastage and save a lot of
energy for future use.
We can detect the location from where the power is being stolen
which was not possible before.
Optimized use of energy.
Automatic user identification.

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LIMITATIONS:

Wide range of frequencies is required to facilitate large


number of users. To overcome this, carrier levels can be
changed from region to region.
Presently, it requires a power supply (230 V) for the
operation, but a small battery with automatic charging
facility can be provided in real time.
Cannot determine who is stealing, but even no other
existing system is capable of doing this.
If implemented on a large scale it may take lot of time and
manual input.

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CONCLUSION:

The project of ours is aimed at reducing the heavy power and


revenue loss that occur due to power theft by the consumers.
The proposed system will be hidden in such meters and as soon as
an attempt is made for the theft, it will send a sms using GSM
modem, by displaying the respective consumer meter number to
control unit of electricity board
Thus by the above mentioned design we can successfully and
effectively address the problems related to power theft.

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THANK YOU

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