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Experiment #5

ANALYSIS OF ACETIC ACID
Delos Reyes, Shaireen
Donado, James Anthony
Eupeña, Shiemia Judel
Garcia, Leila
Gavino, Shaina Mae
Gonzales, John Romil
Hisula, Roxanne

15-20001
15-20008
15-20004
15-20014
15-20017
15-20022
15-20020

September 8, 2016
Prof. Jeanne Grace Aberion

OBJECTIVES:
• To prepare a standardized NaOH
solution
• To determine the acetic acid content
of vinegar

Concepts:

• Standardization is the process of
determining the exact concentration
(molarity) of a solution. Titration is
one type of analytical procedure often
used in standardization. In a titration,
an exact volume of one substance is
reacted with a known amount of
another substance.

• A chemical substance known as an indicator is used to indicate (signal) the endpoint. The indicator used in this experiment is phenolphthalein. Phenolphthalein. . an organic compound. is colorless in acidic solution and pink in basic solution.

• Potassium hydrogen phthalate. and an ionic solid that is the monopotassium salt of phthalic acid. a colorless solution. is an acidic salt compound. It forms white powder. .• The point at which the reaction is complete in a titration is referred to as the endpoint. colorless crystals. often called simply KHP.

.• KHP is slightly acidic. making it easy to weigh accurately. and it is often used as a primary standard for acidbase titrations because it is solid and air-stable.

MATERIALS: Graduated Cylinder .

Erlenmeyer flask Buret Bunsen burner Wire Iron stand w/ .

.1 M solution of sodium hydroxide 1. Boil approximately 1 L of distilled water. Procedure of 0. 2. A.PROCEDURE 1. Protect the water from the atmosphere as it cools.

5.3. . 4. Stir well and pour into a rubber – stoppered bottle. Dissolve about 4 g of sodium hydroxide in the boiled water. Label the bottle.

B.3 to 0.1 M NaOH using KHP 1. Standardization of 0. Accurately weigh (4 SF) in weighing bottles triplicates samples of between 0.7 g each pure dry potassium phthalate .

Label the flasks. Record the weights and subsequent data 4.2. Pour the weighed KHP into 250mL Erlenmeyer flasks 3. Add to each sample about 100mL of distilled water . 5.

Add 2-3 drops of phenolphthalein indicator to each flask. .6.

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( Use proper precautions and techniques) 10.7. Take the record of initial readings 9. Fill the buret with the prepared NaOH solution using the customary precautions to guard against dilution 8. titrate back with HCl . Titrate the KHP with the NaOH to the first appearance of a faint permanent pink color. If the end point is over run.

. Calculate the Molarity of NaOH 12.11. Repeat titration with the other two samples.

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300g 33mL 24mL 16mL 0mL 0mL 0mL 17mL 26mL 34mL 0.0943 mol/L Initial reading of buret Volume of NaOH added 3.1040 mol/L 0.500g 0.1M NaOH solution TRIAL 1 1. Weight of KHP (g) 2.1021 mol/L 0.700g 0.1001 mol/L 0. Standardization of 0.1001 mol/L 0.Volume of titrant (mL) Final reading of buret 2 3 0. Molarity of NaOH solution Average 0.1001 mol/L .DATA & RESULT A.

103980986 mol/L F.00343137254 mol KHP 204g Step 2 moles of NaOH 0.700g x 1mol = 0.00343137254 molKHPx1mol NaOH =0.033L =0.Solution: T1 Given: mass of KHP= 0.1040 mol/L NaOH .00343137254mol 1molKHP NaOH Step 3 Conc of Naoh M=moles of solute = 0.A= 0.033L MM KHP= 204 g/mol Sol’n: Step 1 moles of KHP= 0.700g vol of NaOH= 33mL = 0.00343137254mol NaOH vol sol’n 0.

10212418 mol/L F.500g x 1mol = 0.A= 0.002450980392mol KHP 204g Step 2 moles of NaOH 0.002450980392 molKHPx1mol NaOH =0.500g vol of NaOH= 24mL = 0.1021 mol/L NaOH .024L MM KHP= 204 g/mol Sol’n: Step 1 moles of KHP= 0.002450980392mol 1molKHP NaOH Step 3 Conc of Naoh M=moles of solute = 0.002450980392mol NaOH vol sol’n 0.T2 Given: mass of KHP= 0.024L =0.

001470588235mol 1molKHP NaOH Step 3 Conc of Naoh M=moles of solute = 0.0943 mol/L NaOH .094268476 mol/L F.A= 0.300g x 1mol = 0.001470588235 molKHPx1mol NaOH =0.001470588235mol NaOH vol sol’n 0.T3 Given: mass of KHP= 0.0156L MM KHP= 204 g/mol Sol’n: Step 1 moles of KHP= 0.300g vol of NaOH= 15.0156L =0.001470588235mol KHP 204g Step 2 moles of NaOH 0.6mL = 0.

Determination of Acetic Acid Content of vinegar 1. Dilute to the mark. Pipette 25mL of vinegar into 250mL volumetric flask 2. and mix thoroughly .C.

Pipette a 50mL aliquot of this solution into an Erlenmeyer flask.3. 4. Add 50mL of water and two drops of phenolphthalein indicator .

Repeat the titration on two additional aliquots . Titrate with standard base and to first permanent faint pink color 6.5.

Grams of acetic 26.73% .5mL 0mL 0mL 0mL 13.15% 33. % Acetic acid 33.073 g 5. Average molarity of NaOH solution 33.00 mol/L 4. Analysis of Acetic Acid in Vinegar TRIAL 1 1.Volume of sample(mL) 2 3 100mL 100mL 100mL 36.00 mol/L 12.8mL 14mL 13.2mL 36mL 36.Volume of titrant (mL) Final reading of buret Initial reading of buret Volume of NaOH added 3.073 g 26.DATA & RESULT B.61% 2.073 g acid in vinegr/100mL of vinegar 26.00 mol/L 12.5mL 12.

Solution: T1 Given: mass of CH3C00H= 26.0362L =12.00 mol/L NaOH .00414365 mol/L vol sol’n F.43455mol CH 3C00H 60g Step 2 moles of NaOH 0.A= 12.0362L MM CH3C00H = 60 g/mol Sol’n: Step 1 moles of CH3C00H = 26.43455 mol NaOH 0.43455 mol CH3C00H x1mol NaOH =0.43455mol NaOH 1molCH3C00H Step 3 Conc of NaoH M=moles of solute =0.2mL = 0.073g vol of NaOH= 36.073g x 1mol = 0.

073g x 1mol = 0.A= 12.07 mol/L NaOH .43455 mol NaOH 0.073g vol of NaOH= 36mL = 0.T2 Given: mass of CH3C00H= 26.07083333 mol/L vol sol’n F.43455mol NaOH 1molCH3C00H Step 3 Conc of NaoH M=moles of solute =0.43455mol CH3C00H 60g Step 2 moles of NaOH 0.036L =12.43455 mol CH3C00H x1mol NaOH =0.036L MM CH3C00H = 60 g/mol Sol’n: Step 1 moles of CH3C00H = 26.

43455 mol NaOH 0.43455 mol CH3C00H x1mol NaOH =0.43455mol CH3C00H 60g Step 2 moles of NaOH 0.073g vol of NaOH= 36.5mL = 0.0365L MM CH3C00H = 60 g/mol Sol’n: Step 1 moles of CH3C00H = 26.91 mol/L NaOH .T3 Given: mass of CH3C00H= 26.073g x 1mol = 0.0365L =11.43455mol NaOH 1molCH3C00H Step 3 Conc of NaoH M=moles of solute =0.A= 11.90547945 mol/L vol sol’n F.

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A. Ideally preparation of NaOH titrant requires boiling of the solvent H2O. B.Dissolved CO2 adds acidity to the water and thus is a bias to the equivalency for a titrant.GUIDE QUESTIONS: 1. 2H2O+ 3NaOH  2Na+ 3H2O . Why? To remove the CO2. Write the chemical equation describing the chemical reaction that occur when un-boiled water is used.

. therefore you will know that the reaction is complete when you see the first faint hint of pink color.2. is colorless in acidic solution but turns pink when there is an excess of base present. phenolphthalein. Why should the titration endpoint be taken as faint color of the phenolphthalein indicator? The indicator.