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INTRODUCTION




PARIKSHIT PAWAR:-419
ADITYA VAISH:-416
AKASH WAGHMODE:-413
ABHAY THUKRAL:-414
SURAJ ZANWAR:-405

ravana

puccho zara puccho
• WHY IS RAVAN CONSIDERED EVIL ?
• IN WHAT WAY DOES RAM PRAISE
RAVANA?
• WAS RAVANA THE SAME IN HIS
CHILDHOOD AS HE WAS THERE IN
HIS ADULTHOOD?
• DOES RAVANA ONLY HAVE NEGATIVE
TRAITS ?
• DO YOU FEEL RAVANA IS A VILLIAN
OR A HERO IN DISGUISE?

RAVANA’S CHILDHOOD .

•Brahma the Creator gave rise to fourteen Prajapatis Daksha. Among them was Pulastya. Pulastya had two sons. . a great sage. Vasishtha. Both grew up to be Maharshis. from his first wife. He was also the father of Kubera (king of the yakshas) also called Vaishravana. Rishi Vishravas who married the daitya / rakshasha princess Kekasi and begat Ravana.RAVANA’S FATHER •. Agastya and Vishrava. Meenakshi (surpanakha) and Vibhishana • The story of Ravana's birth is a rather interesting one. • Brahma Dashagreeva in known to us by the name Ravana. Narada and others. Kumbhakarna.

Ravana's grandfather. and Ravana was born there.BIRTH PLACE OF RAVANA • People of Bisrakh village in Uttar Pradesh claim that Bisrakh was named after Vishrava. the sage Pulastya. was one of the ten Prajapatis or mindborn sons of Brahma and one of the Saptarishi (Seven Great Sages Rishi) in the first Manvantara. .

but later eased it up a bit. Kumbhakarna. He said the children would be immoral but for the last one.BIRTH STORY •Nevertheless. Kaikesi was resolute. Vishrava was initially unmoved. Shurpanakha and Vibhishana. and managed to trick Vishrava into accepting the marriage proposal. Kaikesi pleaded to her husband. . who will be a true embodiment of righteousness With time.Dashagreeva. •Shocked and saddened by this curse. and will tread the path of adharma. •Dashagreeva in known to us by the name Ravana. asking him to revoke it. the couple gave birth to four children . Vishrava was irked by this conspiracy. and he cursed that all the children born as a result of this sinful relationship will likewise be unscrupulous. she asked him while he was performing a Yajna.

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Then Ravana and his brother kumbhakarn cross a sea and mysterious jungle and also fought demons to bring the plant of nagbuti from shulgiri parvat . Once during his childhood Ravana just saved the life of goat. . he risked his life and killed an alligator. • when one of the disciple in his fathers’s ashram was suffering from a danger snake bite.AS A CHILD • Right from the childhood Ravana was an aggressive but kind hearted person.

The gruesome side of .

• There is a mention in the episodes of the  Ramayana that he forced several women. • In spite of having married the immensely beautiful Mandodari. • Ravana had many wives but Mandodari was the most elegant. amongst them was a sage-woman Vedavati.Lust for women • Ravana had always lusted for beautiful women.  . beautiful and intelligent. he was a habitual rapist.

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Sage Vedavati • One well known example of Ravana’s lust for women of the sage Vedavati. and entered fire in front of his eyes . • finding himself firmly rejected at every turn. Ravana proposed her in the middle of her penance. • Vedavati meditated day and night. and got rejected. and she forthwith cut off her hair. he grabbed her hair. This greatly incensed her.

while the dastardly Ravana abducted her • The only reason he could’nt rape sita was because of Brahma’s curse that if he violates another woman again. his head will burst. . Ram chased the deer for the sake of Sita to gift her. he decided to take the backdoor. He had his wicked uncle Maricha appear as a golden deer. • Knowing that he cannot take on Ram.Abduction of Sita • Abduction of Rama’s wife Sita in itself was an utterly wicked act of Ravana.

brother Kumbhkarn. . along with a death threat. • In return. brother Vibhishan and son Meghnaad had. at different stages of war. tried to explain Ravana of his wrongdoings and had asked him to return Sita with honour and respect.Refusal to listen to his family • Ravana did not even listen to his family when they tried to advise him. • Raavan's wife Mandodari. and even banished Vibhishan. the power-drunk Raavan humiliated all of them.

violating the international norms. he was killed (in his death bed. • When Vibhishana (the sanest of the demon brothers) tried to reason with him.• When the good bird Jatayu tried to stop Ravana from doing the heinous thing. He terrorized the learned men of the land. • When Hanuman the messenger brought a peaceful message. Jatayu points to Rama. he was arrested. the direction in which Sita was abducted). . he was banished from his kingdom. • Ravana usurped the kingdom of Lanka built by Viswakarama and ruled by Kubera.

Arishadvargas • • • • • • Ravana is considered evil because he covered all the six Arishadvargas: kama — lust for Sita krodha — anger at Lakshmana for ill treating his sister lobh — greed for Kubera's lanka moha — delusory emotional attachment or temptation to his throne mada or ahankara — pride. jealousy of Kubera’s kingdom . hubris in his supremacy matsarya — envy.

Displaying honour. it is said that once Ram's army had created the bridge to Lanka. . they needed to get Shiva's blessing for which they set up a yagya. • In one of the many versions of the Ramayana. and since he was half-brahman. he was also the best qualified to perform the yagya. But the biggest bhakt of Shiva in the entire region was Ravan.Crucial facts • Ravan performed a yagya for Ram. performed the yagya and gave Ram his blessing. Ravan actually showed up.

Ram asked his brother Lakshman to sit beside the dying demon-king and learn from him important lessons in statecraft and diplomacy. As he lay dying. Ravan imparted valuable knowledge to Lakshman. . Since Ravan was one of the most learned scholars to have ever lived.

• Ravan was so powerful. which would grant him immortality. he could even interfere with planetary alignments. or Shani. It irked Ravan so much. . refused to do so and stood in the 12th house instead. Saturn. • During the birth of his son Meghnad. it is said that he attacked Shani Dev with his mace and even imprisoned him. Ravan 'instructed' the planets to stay in the 11th house of the child.

. Most powerful Asuras (demons) knew that they were sent to earth to perform a particular role. Ravan knew that it was his fate to die by the hands of an avatar of Vishnu. something that would help him attain moksha and give up his demon form. Ravan was well-aware of his impending doom.

he performed the Shiva tandav stotram. he tried to lift the mountain. named him Ravan (the one who roars loud). and that too from Shiva. but at the same time. It is believed that Ravan plucked out nerves from his own hand to provide accompanying music. thus impressed. he was so enamored by Shiva's power. put down his foot onto the mountain. Ravan wanted Shiva to relocate from Kailash to Lanka. . and to make this possible. Ravan let out a huge roar of pain. thus crushing Ravan's finger with his one toe. being who he is. Shiva. But Shiva.He got the name Ravan later in life.

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.EVERY VILLIAN IS NOT A VILLIAN.

His fabled physique with ten heads and twenty arms is mainly due his huge expanse of knowledge. He is also said to be a great doctor himself even in those days. well maintained. . with immense knowledge in the four Vedas and Upanishads. had a great knowledge in the field of medicine too. The academic prowess and intellect Ravana possessed is evident from the scene at the battle when Rama urges Lakshmana to gain knowledge from him. adorned. People were happy and led a wealthy life under his reign. But. Rama stands near his feet. Lanka was beautiful. he was an amazing player of the Veena and he could entrance everyone with his musical skills. Also. and part of the country were made of gold during his rule.Scholar Ruler & Musician • • Ravana himself being a great scholar. Lakshmana reluctantly stands near Ravana’s head and asks him to pass on what he knew about warfare and various other aspects of the world. bows down and requests him to share his wisdom which is when he sheds light to Rama on what could destroy him and what could let him prosper. Ravana simply responds by turning his head away.

Brahma granted him these boons in addition to his 10 severed heads and great strength by way of knowledge of divine weapons and magic. At last Brahama pleased with his austerity and appeared after his 10th decapitation and offered him a boon. heavenly spirits.  . serpents. he did not ask for protection from these. Contemptuous of mortal men. The nectar of immortality stored under his navel dictated that he could not be vanquished for as long as it lasted. and wild beasts. Each time he sliced his head off a new head arose. other demons. thus enabling him to continue his penance. Thus Ravana known as 'Dasamukha' or 'Dasakanta' (Dasa means ten and mukha means face). Ravana also asked for absolute invulnerability from and supremacy over gods. Ravana asked for immortality which Brahma refused to give but gave him the celestial nectar of immortality.Mystery of 10 heads •    Ravana performed an intense penance to Lord Brahma for several years during which he chopped off his head 10 times as a sacrifice to appease Brahma.

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Over refusal to let him in. infuriated cursed ravana saying. Lanka would get destroyed by a monkey. Ravana attacked Nandi and Nandi. his entire empire.PARAMBHAKT OF LORD SHIVA • On a journey to meet Lord Shiva. Shiva annoyed by Ravana's arrogance pressed his littlest Toe on Kailash pinning him firmly and painfully under it . Ravana had to get admit through Nandi. •  Ravana attempted to uproot and move the Kailash mountain (Shiva residence) to show Nandi his love for Shiva. the vehicle of Shiva.

From then Ravana became a life long devotee of Shiva. it would return to Shiva and Ravana's days would be . He plucked his nerves and used them as strings to compose music and sang songs praising Shiva for years until Shiva released him from his bondage. Shiva gave him the divine sword Chandrahas (ChandraMoon. upon which Ravana became penitent. Pleased with his resilience and devotion. Has-laugh) and told him that if it was used for unjust causes.Shiva's soldiers informed Ravana of whom he had crossed.

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attacking her. The mere need to avenge the injustice that occurred to his sister led to his act. being faithful to Sita rejected her saying that he would never take anyone else as a wife. saying she was not what he expected out of a wife. Soorpanakha approached Rama’s brother. this happens to be the sole reason for triggering the battle of Lanka. the sister of Ravana is said to have been seduced by the beauty and youthfulness of Rama. Ravana gets enraged by this ill treatment and the further advances as we know lead to the abduction of Sita. Rama. After this initial rejection. following which Lakshmana insulted her by cutting off her nose. he cannot be blamed either. this action of Ravana is not entirely justifiable. fell for him and proposed to him. . Infuriated. Lakshmana to be insulted and rejected once again. By Valmiki’s mention. Soorpanakha took it out on Sita.TRIGGERING THE BATTLE • Soorpanakha. Though.

Ravana gets lost in the warren of power and loses his ideals in the process of succeeding. his humanity kept him from doing so.HUMANITARIAN •Also. There is a blurred line between the good and evil Ravana. Being an illusionist. Ravana being a Brahmin performed the yagna favoring both sides for the battle that was to destroy him. Working his way to power from poverty with a clear motive. a Brahmin could not be found to perform the yagna. Ravana himself brought his downfall. •It is also said that at the time of the battle between Rama and Ravana was about to start. •In spite of possessing such golden characters. But. during the period Ravana kept Sita under his watch. Ravana is neither the demon as he is the portrayed nor is he a hero as some say. he never forced himself on her in spite of his liking for her. he could’ve easily made Sita fall for him. .

learning. Brahma conferred on Ravana the benefit of near immunity. Ravana flag was the sun and moon flag with a drawing of Ravana in the centre.THE THALAIWA • Ravana appears as the chief character in Ramayana. This is proved in the Mahabharata. This flag is drawn in the Ravana Katha Ola leaf book. His immense penance. by this he also acquired the capacity to change his form. making him resistant from destruction by gods or (other) demons. He was endowed with the strength of moving the seas and splitting the tops of mountains. Indians declare Ravana as a figure of immense moral and physical strength. and devotion to Brahma earned him the latter’s gratitude. They were filled with venom and were called Nagashara. These missiles were shot with a machine like a bow. . Agnishara and poisoned arrows. • Ravana was the first to discover missiles and bombs.

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Many Tamils know the Ramayana know it through its Tamil version.  . Though the character of Ravana may seem like a closed book. not a villain. there is sufficient plurality in Indian traditions that even Ravana is capable of some recuperation. Ravana is a tragic hero.’ The Tamil Nadu countryside is exposed to folk forms that celebrate Ravana as a hero and Rama as the villain who treated women unfairly. a warrior—as an embodiment of everything moral.SOME PEOPLE THINK Some interpreters. In it. the Kamban Ramayanam. an expert of music. and justice to a great extent. were of the view that ‘Ravana displayed the qualities of masculinity. faithfulness. dependability. Madhusudan Dutt (1824-1873). In short. Ravana is highly venerated as a Vedic scholar. honour. such as the 19th century Bengali writer.

RAVANA SERIAL (ZEE TV) Siya ke Ram(star plus) Wikipedia Book named:.karmayaan .REFERENCES • • • • • RAVANA SANHITA.