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Optimal ESS Allocation and Load

Shedding for Improving
Distribution System Reliability

Authors
Mubshar Naeem
Salah u din

with centralized generation connected to the transmission networks. .Energy Storage System • PS are now evolving from the conventional regulated system. Energy storage systems (ESSs) are one promising technology • • • Support the incorporation of smart grids Capacity to enable successful islanding Facilitate the integration of high penetration levels of renewable energy sources (RESs). • Deregulated structure that allows small generators to be connected directly to the distribution networks.

such as an Support rapid interruption Isolate faulty section Demand side management.Advantages • ESSs can also provide additional benefits for distribution utilities. islanding is taken into account . in case of fault Rechargeable during the normal operation Reliability During contingency.

Basic configuration of BESS in a power system.[6] .

. • It can be fully charged between any two successive • • failures. However.Disadvantages • Charging of the ESS was not included in the analysis. the charging cycle of the ESS must be considered in order to determine whether it can be fully charged during acceptable operating states that Do not violate system constraints.

Particle Swarm Optimization Uses a number of particles that constitute a swarm moving around in the search space looking for the best solution. Each particle in search space adjusts its “flying” according to its own flying experience as well as the flying experience of other particles. . with a random weighted acceleration at each time step. • The basic concept of PSO lies in accelerating each particle toward its pbest and the gbest locations. • Another best value by any particle in the neighborhood of that particle. This value is called personal best. pbest. This value is called gbest. Each particle tracks its coordinates in the solution space which are associated with the best solution (fitness) that has achieved so far by that particle.

PSO Algorithm Flow Chart .

[5] .IEEE 33 Bus System.

• Willingness to pay (WTP) represents reliability value that • • • utilities might lose if they fail to achieve the desired reliability level for those customers.WTP customers • Some customers willing to pay more for greater reliability. Optimization approaches that include economic considerations in order to determine the optimal investment plan optimal reliability level. .

During Contingency. Formed Island .

.Results Contingency at line between buses 7 and 8.