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BUILDING CLIMATOLOGY

Module 1-Part A

Points covered in this video


1 Climate , weather
2 Application of climatology
3 Application of climatology in ancient times

Reference books:
Manual of tropical housing and building by Koeningsberger
Climate responsive architecture by Arvind Krishan

Weather and climate

Weather forecast

What is todays weather like?


Rainy, sunny, cloudy, hot ?
Weather refers to the conditions of
the atmosphere at a particular
place over a short span of time.

Climate is what
you expect.
Weather is what
you get.

What is climate?
Climate is an integration in
time of physical states of
atmospheric environment,
characteristic of a
geographical location
From Greek word Klima and Latin
Clima(slope) implies how
angle of solar incidence governed
local environmental Conditions
Climaterefers to the weather
pattern of a place over a long
period of time, long enough to

Weather is
Air temp
cloud cover
precipitation
wind
moisture content
Air Pressure
at any particular time in any
particular place.
Climate is the overall picture of
weather during periods of seasons
or years.
Meteorology studies changes in
weather, the state of atmospheric
properties for a given location,
while climatology examines
weather properties over time for a

Climatology is a holistic
science in that it involves
understanding the
interaction of the
atmosphere with other
aspects of the earth-oceanatmosphere system using
many different spatial and
temporal scales.

Climatology is a holistic
science in that it involves
understanding the
interaction of the
atmosphere with other
aspects of the earth-oceanatmosphere system using
manyClimatology
different spatial+
and
temporal scales.

building
study of climate's
effect on building

Why do we need
climatology in
architecture?
Climatologist attempts to
discover & explain impacts
of climate so that society
can plan its activities design
its buildings and
infrastructure, & anticipate
effects of adverse
conditions.

Understanding climatology sheds


light on the aspect of human
comfort level as a design criterion.

Man developed shelter as a


means of protection from
weather.
Nomadic- caves and trees
Settlement in colonies_
agriculture

700 year old


Dogon type mud house
stone dwelling in Iran Mali, Africa

Ancient Climate
responsive
architecture

Ancient cooling tower

Borujerdi House , Kashan, Ira

Climate
responsive
architecture

Vernacular architecture:
Higher technology in
construction
Locally available material
Wind scoop
Hyderabad, India
Chittorgarh fort
Hyderabad, India

Pol, Ahmedabad

Mud house Rajastan, India

Thank you