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MSc. Facilities Management (AP779)
Sustainability Facilities Management



therefore it is the time for us to look at this natural resource that can be tapped with little effort. Surface lake and Rain . 2) Where does the fresh water come from? Well water.1) How much water do we use? Average per person is 60-80 gallons a day The rain water that falls in your premises is wasted as it flows into the storm water drains. With the growing demand of water for various competing purposes.

launder clothes and water gardens with nothing less than drinking water! In fact. . At home and at work. studies show that 55% of domestic treated water could be substituted for rainwater.INTRODUCTION Much of the water we use doesn't need to be of drinking quality. As global warming disrupts weather patterns. wash vehicles. codes and guidance have been introduced to ensure we manage our water better. we flush toilets. while 85% of water used for commerce and industry does not need to be of drinking standard.

Reasons of Shortage of Water Population increase Industrialization Urbanization (a) Increase in per capita utilization (b) Less peculation area In places where rain fed/ irrigation based crops are cultivated through ground water Climate change and global warming Decrease in surface area of lakes. . lab. tanks etc.

What is the solution ? Rain water is the ultimate source of fresh water Potential of rain to meet water demand is tremendous Rain water harvesting helps to overcome water scarcity To conserve ground water the aquifers must be recharged with rain water Rain water harvesting is the ultimate answer 3 .

process .





ADVANTAGES OF RAIN WATER HARVESTING • Conserve and supplement existing water resource • Increase in ground water level • Reduce soil erosion • Improve ground water quality • Low cost and easy maintenance • Reduce water and electricity bill • Provide supply of water to meet agricultural need & drought mitigation measure .

. maintenance etc. • Might be affected by external factor • Require monitoring and continuous maintenance from mosquitoes.DISADVANTAGES OF RAIN WATER HARVESTING • Not applicable in all climate in the world • Performance are affected by climate fluctuations • The sophisticated design of RWH will require more cost. • Certain Roof Types may Seep Chemicals or Animal Droppings • Certain area will have high initial capital cost with low ROI. insects algae growth and lizard.

JAPAN .Rain Water Harvesting (RWH) SUMIDA TOKYO.

As a urban city. Which is rain season starting in early June and lasting till mid of July. • Weather in Tokyo is humid sub tropical zone. • In Tokyo it has started implement the RWH since 1982.380 mm (55inches). with a wetter summer and a drier winter. Tokyo also known as .introduction • Nowadays . So the annual rainfall averages 1.unpredicted weather changes make RWH has become one of the sustainable approach for supplementing public water supply as well as for serving several other purposes recently.

SUMIDA RWH system • A Sumowrestling arena in Sumida City utilizes rainwater in each household they have.000m3 underground storage tank and uses it for toilet flushing and air conditioning.400m2 rooftop of this arena serves as the catchment surface for the rainwater utilization system. • The 8. • In community level. has been set up by local residents in the Mukojima district of Tokyo to utilise rainwater of private houses for garden watering. firefighting and drinking water in emergencies. as “Rojison”. . • The drain system collected rainwater into a 1. it is a simple and unique rainwater utilization facility.

Environmental Local Ordinance: RWH promotion by collaboration among stakeholders 2007. Subsidy system for rainwater tank.International Rainwater Conference was held (8.000 participants from 16 countries) 1995.Mandatory system for RWH.RWH was introduced in Sumida-ku (model system is in the building for young children 1985.Environmental Planning in which RWH is stipulated as one of high .Rainwater Utilization Liaison Council: 125 local government joined the network 2000.Planning guidelines for RWH promotion.Chronology RWH development in SUMIDA 1983.RWH Museum was opened in Sumida City (the world’s first museum of its kind) 2005. and People for Rainwater (PR) was established 1996.National Sumo Arena was completed with utilization of large scale RWH 1988.“Rojison” – a communal RWHS is installed in Mukojima area in Sumida Ward 1994.Tokyo International Rainwater Conference was with Sumida Ward’s coordination 2006.International Association of Local Government awarded Sumida Ward for best RWH & Japan Business Association for Rainwater Utilization was set-up 2001.

The traditional storage method of ‘B’Rain method of Rainwater Harvesting Rainwater Harvesting The modern . rainwater harvesting provides a viable means of conserving water supplies and making the best use of a natural resource that we simply can no longer afford to throw down the drain.In summary To conclude.

Something that can be thought and pondered Al Quran : (30) Ar Ruum : Verse 24 And of His signs is [that] He shows you the lightening [causing] fear and aspiration. Sesungguhnya pada yang demikian itu benarbenar terdapat tanda-tanda bagi kaum yang mempergunakan akalnya. Indeed in that are signs for a people who use reason Dan di antara tanda-tanda kekuasaan-Nya. lalu menghidupkan bumi dengan air itu sesudah matinya. dan Dia menurunkan hujan dari langit. . and He sends down rain from the sky by which He brings to life the earth after its lifelessness. Dia memperlihatkan kepadamu kilat untuk (menimbulkan) ketakutan dan harapan.