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PLUMBING

Presentation on
Trap Loss

Trap Loss

At the end of this session you should be able to :

Explain what is meant by trap seal loss

Trap Loss
Why does Trap seal loss occur ?
Trap seal loss occurs when the seal of the trap is lost as a result of poor
practice and by not following the regulations with regard to sanitation
pipework installation.

Trap Loss
There are three main causes of loss of trap seal:

Self siphonage

Induced siphonage

Compression

Each one of these is the result of poor installation work

Induced Siphonage

Caused by appliances connecting into a common waste discharge pipe.

This arrangement is not acceptable on primary ventilated stack.

Self Siphonage

Most common in washbasins and steep sided appliances.

Ensuring the waste pipe is at the correct length and fall would avoid this
problem

Compression

Usually caused by
discharging W.C. higher than
the lowest waste connection.

Use large radius bend at


base of stack (min 200mm)

Min 450mm between invert of


the drain and lowest branch
waste pipe.

Trap Loss prevention

Anti siphon trap

Maximum pipe runs

Observe these maximum pipe lengths and you shouldnt have a problem.

Loss of the trap seal can also pose a health hazard.


Min.trap seal
depth (mm)

Max. length of
pipe (m)

Pipe Gradient
inDeg

Max Bends
No.

Max drop (H) m

32mm

75mm

1.7m

2.2

Washbasin or
bidet

40mm

75mm

3.0m

1.8 to 4.4

Bath or shower

40mm

50mm

No limit

1.8 to 9.0

No limit

1.5

Bowl urinal

40mm

50mm

3.0m

1.8 to 1.9

No limit

1.5

Trough urinal

50mm

75mm

3.0m

1.8 to 1.9

No limit

1.5

Kitchen sink

40mm

75mm

No limit

1.8 to 1.9

No limit

1.5

Dishwater or
washing machine

40mm

75mm

3.0m

1.8 to 1.4

No limit

1.5

W.C.

110mm

50mm

No limit

1.8 min

No limit

1.5

Appliances

Dia (mm)

Washbasin or
bidet

Session Summary

We discussed what the causes of trap loss are.

Looked at each of the causes of trap loss.

How to rectify the problem of trap loss.