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# Plan of athletes inspection :

Passport data
Life anamnesis
Sports anamnesis
Data of nearest sports anamnesis
Anthropometric data (body mass, height, volume of thorax,
spirometric and dynamometric data)
Somatic detection
Examination on organs and systems
Functional tests of heart and lungs
Conclusion

Measuring of height :
standing; b sitting.

## Having a knowledge about body length

in two positions we can found the
coefficient of proportionality /P/ :

P = ( L1-L2 ) / L2 100 ,

## L1 body length in the standing position

, L2 body length in the sitting position

## Normal meaning of KP = 87-92% .

KP is important at sports occupation .
Persons with low P at equal other
conditions,have low disposition of
gravity centre,that give them the
exercises,which require of body balance
in the space ( mountain ski, skijumping ,wrestling, weight lift athletics
). On the contrary, persons with the high
meaning of P are better in jumping ,
running. The meaning of P for
women is rather less than for men.

## Chest circumference ( C. C. ) is measured in

condition of maximal inspiration , complete
expiration and during pause. Difference between C.
C. after maximal inspiration and maximal expiration
indicate on the degree of chest mobility (chest
excursion) . Its in average 4-5 cm for men and 4- 7
cm for women. The sportsmen, especially the
swimmers , may have chest excursion 10-14 cm and
chest excursion may be decrease to 2-1 and even to 0
cm for sick persons .

## Measuring of chest circumference .

Circumference of chest is
measured in condition of
maximal inspiration , complete
expiration, and during pause.
Difference between this sizes
indicates on the degree of
chests mobility ( excursion,
amplitude ). It consist 45 cm
for men and 4 7 cm for women.
The sportsmen,especially the
swimmers , may have the chest
excursion 10 14 m and C.E.
may be decrease to 2 1 cm,
sometime 0, for sick persons.

## Vertebral Column the column of

life

ESTIMATION F PHYSICAL
CONDITION(DEVELOPMENT):

standards

indexes

## Estimation of physical development

( the methods of indexes ):

## Body mass ( for adult ) we

can find after formula of
Berngard :
Body mass = ( Height
(Volume of chest ) / 240

Index of Gabs
= 56 + 4/5 (L - 150),

body mass ( kg ), L
height ( cm ) .

## deal body mass () we can

calculate after formula of
Lourence:
= - [100 - ( - 150) / 4],
height (cm ).

Index of Kettle:
/ L (g/m);
body mass (gr ), L height ( cm )
for men - 370...400 ,
for women - 325...375 .

## Physical development :Indexes of

proportionality :

## Index of Manuvrie - ratio of legs length to

trunks length ( % ):
(L standing / L sitting - 1) * 100
( Normal meaning - 87...92 % ),
at less meaning - the relative short legs, at
larger the relative long legs

Index of Pine :
L - (P + T),
body mass ( kg ) , L height ( cm ),
circumference of chest after expiration ( cm ).

## 10 strong body- building,

11...15 - good,
16...20 - average,
21...25 -weak ,
26 and more very weak .

## Proportions for separate body parts,

which are having a strong character for
proportional development persons

## Chest circumference : pelvis circumference

(C.) =10:9
Neck C.=38% of Chest C., or 2/3 Hip C. ,or
biceps C.
Before-arm C. = 36% of Chest C.
Waist C. = 75% of Chest C.
Hip C. = 60% of Pelvis C.
Shin C. = 40% of Pelvis C.
According to Greek canons neck c.,
shin c., and biceps c. are approximately
equall.

## Indexes of strong type of body - building

height ( BODY MASS + CHEST
CIRCUMFERENCE)

## 10-15 strong body - building

16-20 good body - building
21-25 average body - building
26-30 weak body - building
31 and more very weak body building

## WEIGHT AND HEIGHT INDEX

BODY MASS ( G ) : HEIGHT( CM )

## Gram quantity on the 1 cm of height:

> 540 obesity
451 - 540 surplus weight
416 - 450 plus weight
401 - 415 good nutritional state
400 the best nutritional state for men
390 the best nutritional state for women
360 - 389 average nutritional state
320 - 359 - bad nutritional state
300 - 319 - very bad nutritional state
200 - 299 - emaciation

## dical groups for occupations of physical culture

Medical
group

Basic

Criteria of destination
Health condition

Physical
Functional
development possibilities

Practically
healthy or with
insignificant
deviations in
state of health

According
to age , sex

According
age, sex

Physical

to Are engaged
after the
programs for
educational
institutions.
Attend the
sports sections .
Take part in the
competitions.

Preparing

Practically healthy ,
or with
insignificant
deviations in the
state of health

Lowering

Lowering

## Are engaged after

the same
programs as I
group.
Attend the
occupations.
Pass through
norms in later
terms

Special

Constant or
temporary
deviations in the
health state,
which demand
of the physical
limitations,
persons which
the and
production
activity

Lowering

Lowering

## Are engaged after

special
programs.
They are free of
the passing
through some
norms .

EXTERNAL SIGNS OF
THE TIREDNESS:
SIGNS OF
TIREDNESS

LEVEL OF TIREDNESS

SIGNIFICANT
(AVERAGE)

SHAR (HIGH)

COLOR OF SKIN

INSIGNIFICANT
REDNESS

SIGNIFICANT
REDNESS

## SHARP REDNESS, PALENESS,

CYANOSIS

PERSPIRE

LOW

HIGH

VERY HIGH

BREATHING

ACCELERATING SIGNIFICANT
, REGULAR
ACCELERATIN
G

COORDINATION OF
MOVINGS

CHEERUL
WALK ( STEP )

## UNBALANCED SHARP BODY INSTABILITY,

WALK ( STEP ) , DESORDERS OF THE MOVING
BODY
COORDINATION
INSTABILITY

ATTENTION

FAULTLESS
EXECUTING OF
INSTRUCTIONS

INACCURACY
CARRING-OUT
OF
INSTRUCTION
S

INHIBITING CARRING-OUT OF
COMMANDS ( ONLY LOUD
COMMANDS )

GENERAL STATE

ABSENCE OF
COMPLAINTS

Complaints on
the
tiredness,pains in

## Complaints on the tiredness

,pains in legs, cardiac
palpitation, short of

SHARPLY
ACCELERATING,SURFACE,
MOUTH BREATHING, SHORT
OF BREATH

## Physical-culture man or sportsman

State of health

Functional
Physical development

possibilities

## Determination of indications and contraindications to occupations

Choice of necessary forms of physical training
robic
exercises

Anaerobic exercises
:

Cyclic exercises

Non cyclic
exercises

Energy
expenses

Power

Energy expenses
Number of repetiioins
Metabolic units
Cardiac contraction rate

## Medical groups for physical culture occupations of

middle-age and elderly persons.

Groups

## Middle-age and elderly persons

without deviations in the state of health
which have the sufficient physical
training

## Occupations in groups of GPT

(General
Physical
Training)
Health after special programs,
participation in competitions
according to age

## Middle-age and elderly persons with

insignificant deviations in the heath
state on the background of age
changing ,but without significant
functional disorders

## Occupations in the GPT-groups

Health after the special programs
for age groups

## Middle age and elderly persons with

the constant and temporary deviations
in health condition, on the background
of the age changing having the
functional disorders, without of
sufficient training

## Therapeutic exercices after methods

for patients with different diseases.

Decreasing of muscles
force

## Decreasing of body mass

Disorders of moving
coordination

Reducing of ATPsynthesis,
dissociation of the
oxidizing
and
phosphorylation
processes

## Disorders of the proprioreceptive sensitivity of

muscles

Reducing of the
energy expending

Decreasing of muscles
metabolism

Decreasing of impulses
level from proprioreceptors

Hypokinesia

Decreasing of vessel
tone

## Disorders of calcium and

phosphiric metabilism

## Disorders of the impulses

variety

Decreasing of the
myocardial mass

Increasing of calcium
excretion with urine

## Disorders of the nervous

system trophic function

Detraining of the
Decreasing of the bones
Decreasing of reactivity,
cardio-vascular
strength
asthenia
system
Hypokinetic cndition and its after-effects ( E. valenko, N.Gurovskiy, 1980)

DISEASE

Pathogenesis

## Move makes nutrition

and blood circulation
better and prevents the diseases .Hua
Peculiarities of clinical
current

Mechanism of curative
action of physical exercises