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Kinds of Faults

Faults
 Is a break in Earth’s crust where slabs of
crust slip past each other.
 Usually occur along plate boundaries ,
where the forces of plate motion
compress, pull, or shear the crust so
much that the crust breaks.

Three Types of Faults


Normal Faults
Reverse Faults
Strike-Slip Faults

the plane along which the rock or crustal material has fractured  Hanging Wall Block . .Fault Terminology  Fault Plane .the rock material which lies below the fault plane.the rock material which lies above the fault plane  Footwall Block .

Hanging vs. Foot  The footwall of a fault is always under the fault  The hanging wall of a fault is always above the fault .

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Normal Faults  Caused by tension forces where plates diverge  The fault is at an angle  One block lies above the fault (hanging wall)  The other block lies below the fault (footwall)  When movement occurs along a normal fault. the hanging wall slips downward .

Normal Faults .

Normal Fault Footwall Hanging Wall .

Normal Faults .

Normal Faults .

Normal Faults .

Reverse Faults  Caused by compression forces along convergent plate boundaries  Has the same structure as a normal fault. but blocks move in opposite direction  One side lies at an angle above the other  Where the hanging wall is displaced upward relative to the footwall  OR where the footwall is displaced downward relative to the hanging wall .

Reverse Fault .

Reverse Fault Hanging Wall Footwall .

Reverse Fault .

Reverse Fault .

Reverse Fault .

Strike-Slip Fault  Created by shearing along transform boundaries  Rocks on either side of fault slip past each other sideways with little up-ordown motion .

Strike-Slip Faults .

Strike-Slip Fault .

Strike-Slip Fault .

Strike-Slip Fault .

Strike-Slip Fault .

Whose Fault? Side View .

Whose Fault? Side View .

Whose Fault? Birds-eye View .

Whose Fault? Side View .

Whose Fault? Side View .

Whose Fault? Birds-eye View .

Whose Fault? Side View .